ex·pa·tri·ate | \ek-ˈspā-trē-ˌāt \
expatriated; expatriating

Definition of expatriate 

(Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : banish, exile

2 : to withdraw (oneself) from residence in or allegiance to one's native country

intransitive verb

: to leave one's native country to live elsewhere also : to renounce allegiance to one's native country


ex·pa·tri·ate | \ek-ˈspā-trē-ət, -trē-ˌāt\

Definition of expatriate (Entry 2 of 3)

: living in a foreign land


ex·pa·tri·ate | \ek-ˈspā-trē-ˌāt, -ət\

Definition of expatriate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a person who lives in a foreign country Hemingway himself in The Sun Also Rises, 1926, had given the picture of the dislocated life of young English and American expatriates in the bars of Paris, the "lost generation," as Gertrude Stein defined them.— Robert Penn Warren

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Other Words from expatriate


expatriation \(ˌ)ek-ˌspā-trē-ˈā-shən \ noun

Synonyms for expatriate

Synonyms: Verb

banish, deport, displace, exile, relegate, transport

Synonyms: Noun

deportee, émigré (also emigré), evacuee, exile, refugee

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Examples of expatriate in a Sentence


members of the deposed dictator's once-feared political party were expatriated as well

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Plus, several Manhattan chefs have expatriated to the town, so, yum. Devin Alessio, ELLE Decor, "Take A Weekend Getaway In Hudson, New York," 16 Sep. 2016 The obstacles include the precedent that the Constitution does not allow the government to expatriate Americans against their will, through a landmark 1967 case, Afroyim v. Rusk. Charlie Savage, New York Times, "Trump Calls for Revoking Flag Burners’ Citizenship. Court Rulings Forbid It.," 29 Nov. 2016

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Buried inside the order is a section requiring all expatriate workers to undergo formal Indonesian language training, an apparent first for any nation in Southeast Asia. Joe Cochrane, New York Times, "Indonesia’s Order to Foreign Workers: Learn the Language," 23 June 2018 For decades, expatriate workers from countries such as India and the Philippines helped sustain Saudi Arabia’s high living standards by doing jobs Saudis wouldn’t do in kitchens, at construction sites and behind store counters. Margherita Stancati, WSJ, "Saudi Arabia’s Economic Revamp Means More Jobs for Saudis—If Only They Wanted Them," 19 June 2018 The venues for the event are being built by mainly expatriate workers from South Asia and elsewhere. Amy B Wang, Washington Post, "How a maid found dead in a freezer set off a diplomatic clash between the Philippines and Kuwait," 3 Apr. 2018 At a museum on the Rue d’Amerique, a youthful Mrabet appears in photos and postcards featuring the late American expatriate writer Paul Bowles. Sudarsan Raghavan, Washington Post, "Rediscovered in the alleys of Tangier, Morocco’s last link to the Beat Generation feels broken," 12 May 2018 Erdogan is hoping to cement his grip on power in an election this month and some 1.4 million expatriate Turks are eligible to vote in Germany. Ciaran Fahey, Fox News, "Questions of loyalty cast shadow over German World Cup squad," 13 June 2018 The controversial moment came after a lengthy speech by the president to a crowd of expatriate Filipinos in Seoul. Euan Mckirdy, CNN, "Duterte's kiss was 'act of endearment,' spokesman says," 4 June 2018 Our company ordered all expatriate employees to evacuate to our countries of origin and await further instructions. Robert Myers, latimes.com, "Resistance, far from futile, is an an artistic triumph that spans cultures," 13 May 2018 That question, long debated on tourist and expatriate websites, is now being used to encourage U.S. expats to register to vote in this year’s midterm elections. Helena Bachmann, USA TODAY, "Why the Swiss are nudging U.S. citizens to vote in the midterm elections," 26 Apr. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Many expatriates stayed, and American companies kept buying and selling Saudi oil. Stanley Reed, New York Times, "An Oil Giant Is Taking Big Steps. Saudi Arabia Can’t Afford for It to Slip.," 16 June 2018 European countries also have institutions and policies aimed at their expatriates. Ayca Arkilic, Washington Post, "How Turkey’s outreach to its diaspora is inflaming tensions with Europe," 26 Mar. 2018 In the United Arab Emirates, for example, which has large Western expatriate populations in Dubai and Abu Dhabi, restaurants use curtains to conceal customers who eat during the day. Aya Batrawy, Fox News, "A look at the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan," 17 May 2018 The impetus was to perform a special show a few years ago -- a Fin Fest for Finnish expatriates in the U.S. -- in Arizona. Gary Graff, Billboard, "Tuomo & Markus Share 'Don't Shut Down Your Radio' From Debut Album: Premiere," 12 July 2018 Although local residents are generally welcoming, expatriates and digital nomads tend to stick together. Mike Plunkett, chicagotribune.com, "For digital nomads, work is where the laptop is," 9 July 2018 But the court rejected the mass invalidation of the expatriate and displaced persons vote, and the armed services vote in the country’s Kurdish governorates. Philip Issa, BostonGlobe.com, "Iraqi court endorses manual recount for May election," 22 June 2018 The commission is yet to release the results from the expatriate and armed forces vote. Washington Post, "Iraqis protest in Kirkuk over alleged voting fraud," 16 May 2018 Finicky French expatriates and buyers reacting to Brexit are helping to boost prices in Belgium’s Ixelles municipality, southeast of the center of Brussels. J.s. Marcus, WSJ, "Brussels’ Hip Ixelles District Lures Affluent New Admirers," 28 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'expatriate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of expatriate


1768, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


1812, in the meaning defined above


1818, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for expatriate


Medieval Latin expatriatus, past participle of expatriare to leave one's own country, from Latin ex- + patria native country, from feminine of patrius of a father, from patr-, pater father — more at father

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The first known use of expatriate was in 1768

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More Definitions for expatriate


ex·pa·tri·ate | \ek-ˈspā-trē-ˌāt \
expatriated; expatriating

Legal Definition of expatriate 

transitive verb

: to voluntarily withdraw (oneself) from allegiance to one's native country

intransitive verb

: to renounce allegiance to one's country and abandon one's nationality voluntarily

Other Words from expatriate

expatriate \-trē-ət \ noun
expatriation \ek-ˌspā-trē-ˈā-shən \ noun

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