estimate

verb
es·ti·mate | \ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 archaic

a : esteem

b : appraise

2a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of

b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of

c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

estimate

noun
es·ti·mate | \ˈe-stə-mət \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

2 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities

3a : a rough or approximate calculation

b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter

4 : a statement of the cost of work to be done

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ˈe-stə-ˌmā-tiv \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb

They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago.

Noun

According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

To maintain current welfare provision, the Office for Budget Responsibility, a fiscal watchdog, estimates that spending as a share of GDP would need to increase by seven percentage points by 2066, to over 45%, meaning higher taxes. The Economist, "The welfare state needs updating," 12 July 2018 But American consumers might not have much choice but to pay them: For nearly $100 billion of the products targeted, Panjiva estimates, China supplies more than half of the imports that Americans buy. New York Times, "Trade War With China in Aisle 12," 12 July 2018 The Public Art Fund estimates that 50,000 hot dogs will be given out by the end of the exhibition. Shoshana Wodinsky, The Verge, "We have some questions about this blobby yellow bus that dispenses free hot dogs," 11 July 2018 The most recent report from the National Health Interview Survey estimates that 29.3 million people were uninsured during 2017. Brooks Jackson, Philly.com, "Trump's Numbers (Second Quarterly Update) | FactCheck," 11 July 2018 Starbucks estimates that its plans will eliminate more than 1 billion plastic straws each year from its more than 28,000 stores around the country. Erin Corbett, Fortune, "These 8 Companies Are Ditching Plastic Straws. Here’s How They Are Replacing Them," 11 July 2018 Bowerman estimates that the guild has around 800 members enrolled out of a possible 850. Andrew J. Campa, latimes.com, "Local unions react to Janus ruling with uncertainty, hope," 11 July 2018 The study estimates that, in 2016, there was a demand for 6,145 psychiatrists, but the state had a supply of 5,809 psychiatrists. Hannah Holzer, sacbee, "California needs more mental health professionals – and the shortage will get worse, experts say," 11 July 2018 The Journal used ratios of income to net assets provided by the Boston College Center for Retirement Research to estimate whether a person's savings, in combination with Social Security, would be sufficient. Anne Tergesen, WSJ, "Behind on Retirement Savings? It’s Not Too Late to Catch Up," 12 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The trade dispute may drag down China’s gross domestic product by 0.2 percentage point in 2018, according to an estimate by a member of the central bank’s monetary policy committee. WSJ, "China’s Trade Surplus With U.S. Hits Record as Fight Intensifies," 13 July 2018 More children would develop asthma—a condition that, according to an estimate by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, affects more than one in 12. Rob Jackson, Scientific American, "Relaxing Vehicle-Efficiency Standards Is a Truly Dangerous Idea," 12 July 2018 Transportation is the state’s largest source of greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 37 percent of emissions, according to estimates by the California Air Resources Board. Rob Nikolewski, sandiegouniontribune.com, "California's ranking as an oil-producing state is slipping," 12 July 2018 The economy grew at an annual rate of 2.0 percent during the first three months of this year, according to the most recent official estimate by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Brooks Jackson, Philly.com, "Trump's Numbers (Second Quarterly Update) | FactCheck," 11 July 2018 The average cost of installing a system in Charlotte is $16,200, according to estimates by EnergySage. Cassie Cope, charlotteobserver, "This new solar panel program lets residents, businesses save thousands of dollars," 10 July 2018 As much as 6,000 tons of sunscreen a year ends up in the coral reefs in places like Hawaii, where people swim and snorkel, according to estimates by environmental groups and the World Trade Organization. Peter Fimrite, SFChronicle.com, "Hawaii to ban sunscreen that damages coral," 7 July 2018 Died in the Assembly Appropriations Committee in May. Assistance would have cost roughly $500 million annually from the general fund, according to an estimate by the University of California, Berkeley Labor Center. Angela Hart, sacbee, "Here are the 16 health care bills proposed after California shelved single-payer," 6 July 2018 According to an estimate by the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, before the internet, a collection of 150 photographs would be considered large for a pedophile. NBC News, "Cheap tech and widespread internet access fuel rise in cybersex trafficking," 30 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

14 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estimate

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something

: a statement about how much a job will cost

: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·ti·mate | \ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·ti·mate | \ˈe-stə-mət \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.

2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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Comments on estimate

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