estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of
3 archaic
a : esteem

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
2 : a statement of the cost of work to be done
3 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
4 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimative (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago. Noun According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The California Department of Fish and Wildlife estimates 30,000 to 40,000 black bears live here, the most in the nation and twice as many as in Montana. Los Angeles Times, oregonlive, "‘Bear whisperer’ of California keeps critters alive," 16 Feb. 2020 Colin Mansfield, director of financial operations at Fitch Ratings, estimates a $1.5 billion loss in gaming revenue alone from the casino closure. Rachel Cheung, Washington Post, "Macao gambled on a costly casino shutdown. It may emerge a winner from coronavirus.," 14 Feb. 2020 Jehassi estimates that 85% of her clientele is Israeli or Jewish — people already familiar with these Yemeni specialties. Janelle Bitker, SFChronicle.com, "Jewish bakeries on the rise in the Bay Area," 14 Feb. 2020 In total, the CDC estimates that 26 million people have gotten the flu so far this season. Erin Schumaker, ABC News, "Hospitalizations 'high' for kids as flu kills 14 more children: CDC," 14 Feb. 2020 The Administration estimates its recommendations would save $182 billion over the next ten years. Abby Vesoulis, Time, "‘I Think People Will Starve.’ Experts Are Worried About the Hundreds of Thousands Who Could Lose Food Stamps Come April," 14 Feb. 2020 Forbes estimates Bloomberg is worth $61.8 billion as of Thursday, while the president's net worth is $3.1 billion. Caitlin Conant, CBS News, "2020 Daily Trail Markers: Trump-Bloomberg Twitter feud heats up," 13 Feb. 2020 Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 1.9 million with 67% living in the U.S. and 33% in Canada. Pileateds' feeding holes and nest cavities benefit other species, including flying squirrels. Paul A. Smith, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Smith: The sighting of a 'ghost bird' along the Milwaukee River is a double treat," 12 Feb. 2020 Weldon estimates the city makes about $8 million in sales tax revenue from the visitors. Melissa Yeager, azcentral, "Rocky Point cruise: What does a sudden tourism boom mean for a quiet port community?," 12 Feb. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Ralph Lauren makes a quarter of its goods in China, according to estimates by Wells Fargo, while the number for the upmarket outerwear company Canada Goose is around 10 percent. Elizabeth Paton, New York Times, "Shuttered Stores, Fewer Tourists: Luxury Feels Coronavirus Effects," 14 Feb. 2020 The former auto executive’s fortune is calculated to be about $70 million, down from around $120 million at the time of his first court appearance a year ago, according to estimates by the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. Carlos Ghosn, Fortune, "‘Years of misconduct and fraudulent activity:’ Nissan is suing its ex-chair Ghosn for $91 million," 12 Feb. 2020 Approximately 80% of people die where they are shot, according to estimates by researchers at Northeastern University. Grace Hauck, Nicquel Terry Ellis, USA TODAY, "Congress approved $25M in funding for gun safety research. Now what?," 10 Feb. 2020 According to a 2016 estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau, nearly 400,000 people in the U.S. reported having Nigerian ancestry. Camilo Montoya-galvez, CBS News, "Trump administration expands travel ban to include Nigeria and 5 other countries," 31 Jan. 2020 As much as 50% of the nation's wetlands and millions of miles of streams would be unprotected, according to estimates by environmental and conservation groups. Paul A. Smith, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "EPA rule change removes federal protections from large swath of waters and wetlands," 23 Jan. 2020 In 2016 alone, according to an estimate by economists including Gabriel Zucman of the University of California, Berkeley, U.S. corporations avoided $61 billion in taxes by sending profits to tax havens. Paul Kiel, ProPublica, "The IRS Decided to Get Tough Against Microsoft. Microsoft Got Tougher.," 22 Jan. 2020 The number was a significant jump from 62 reported at the beginning of the weekend, but far short of the estimate by the Imperial College London researchers. Nectar Gan, CNN, "China is trying to stop the spread of a deadly new virus at the worst possible time of year," 20 Jan. 2020 Peralta was projected to earn $8.8 million in arbitration this season, according to an estimate by mlbtraderumors.com. Nick Piecoro, azcentral, "Arizona Diamondbacks agree to extension with David Peralta," 10 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Time Traveler for estimate

Time Traveler

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

18 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Estimate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/estimate. Accessed 24 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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Comments on estimate

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