estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 archaic

a : esteem

b : appraise

2a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of

b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of

c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-mət \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

2 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities

3a : a rough or approximate calculation

b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter

4 : a statement of the cost of work to be done

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb

They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago.

Noun

According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The most recent one employed 3m people, counted more than 8m enterprises and estimated a GDP of almost 59trn yuan ($9.5trn at the time). The Economist, "China’s statistics are bad. Many criticisms of them are worse," 7 July 2018 The problem is always cost While the vessel that Sandia and its partners developed would be economic to build and is estimated to cost no more than an equivalent diesel-powered vehicle, the one thing standing in the way is operating cost. Megan Geuss, Ars Technica, "A hydrogen-powered research boat has many advantages over diesel, lab says," 5 July 2018 The Maryland American rate filing seeks to recover its costs — estimated at $15.4 million — associated with constructing a new water storage reservoir just west of the Bel Air town limits. Allan Vought, The Aegis, "Concerned over reaction to water rate increase request, Bel Air officials take proactive approach," 3 July 2018 The study's results showed two proposed options - limited and expanded scope - estimated at price tags of $3.5 million and $6.4 million, respectively. Steve Smith, Courant Community, "Library Renovations Discussed," 21 June 2018 The inspector general estimated that the government spent nearly $1.2 million on Price’s travel during his seven months in office. Ricardo Alonso-zaldivar, BostonGlobe.com, "Agency watchdog slams ex-HHS chief Tom Price on costly travel," 13 July 2018 Property experts estimate that firms typically spend anywhere between $16,000 and $25,000 per employee on rent, security, technology and related office expenses. The Economist, "Big corporates’ quest to be hip is helping WeWork," 12 July 2018 Federal officials have estimated that as many as 3,000 children are in government custody after being taken from immigrants who entered the country without authorization. Elaine Ayala, San Antonio Express-News, "Unmarked vans, security fences: family reunification proceeds behind curtain of secrecy," 12 July 2018 Sonoma County has estimated that the fires will wipe about $1.8 billion off its roll this year. Kathleen Pender, SFChronicle.com, "Apple, Tesla, Salesforce add huge sums to soaring Bay Area property rolls," 11 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Here's one official estimate: Bookmakers Ladbrokes make Samantha a 100-1 outside bet for the royal baby name. Cady Drell, Marie Claire, "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Royal Baby Name Predictions Are Already Here," 15 Oct. 2018 The trade dispute may drag down China’s gross domestic product by 0.2 percentage point in 2018, according to an estimate by a member of the central bank’s monetary policy committee. WSJ, "China’s Trade Surplus With U.S. Hits Record as Fight Intensifies," 13 July 2018 More children would develop asthma—a condition that, according to an estimate by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, affects more than one in 12. Rob Jackson, Scientific American, "Relaxing Vehicle-Efficiency Standards Is a Truly Dangerous Idea," 12 July 2018 Transportation is the state’s largest source of greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 37 percent of emissions, according to estimates by the California Air Resources Board. Rob Nikolewski, sandiegouniontribune.com, "California's ranking as an oil-producing state is slipping," 12 July 2018 The economy grew at an annual rate of 2.0 percent during the first three months of this year, according to the most recent official estimate by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Brooks Jackson, Philly.com, "Trump's Numbers (Second Quarterly Update) | FactCheck," 11 July 2018 The average cost of installing a system in Charlotte is $16,200, according to estimates by EnergySage. Cassie Cope, charlotteobserver, "This new solar panel program lets residents, businesses save thousands of dollars," 10 July 2018 As much as 6,000 tons of sunscreen a year ends up in the coral reefs in places like Hawaii, where people swim and snorkel, according to estimates by environmental groups and the World Trade Organization. Peter Fimrite, SFChronicle.com, "Hawaii to ban sunscreen that damages coral," 7 July 2018 Died in the Assembly Appropriations Committee in May. Assistance would have cost roughly $500 million annually from the general fund, according to an estimate by the University of California, Berkeley Labor Center. Angela Hart, sacbee, "Here are the 16 health care bills proposed after California shelved single-payer," 6 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

11 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estimate

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something

: a statement about how much a job will cost

: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-mət \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.

2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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Comments on estimate

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