estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of
3 archaic
a : esteem

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
2 : a statement of the cost of work to be done
3 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
4 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimative (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago. Noun According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Officials at the Port of Dover estimate that for every two minutes of delay each truck has to spend at the crossing, a 17-mile traffic jam will be created on the M20 highway heading to the port. Costas Paris, WSJ, "Britain Braces for Logistics Havoc as Brexit’s Final Act Looms," 29 Nov. 2020 Most estimate the leisure and hospitality industry won’t return to pre-pandemic levels until 2024. Dallas News, "Dallas hotels hit hard by COVID see massive drops in revenue and reservations as holidays loom," 24 Nov. 2020 Data is incomplete, but district records estimate about 82% of students had attended classes regularly by the end of October, the latest officials could provide data -- meaning about 8,000 students on average were missing class. Faimon Roberts, NOLA.com, "New Orleans schools struggle to keep kids in class as the pandemic drags on, challenging families," 21 Nov. 2020 Typically insurers send a check for what their adjusters estimate the damage will cost to fix — minus the deductible. Ron Hurtibise, sun-sentinel.com, "As property insurance costs skyrocket, lawmakers will consider these ideas to keep coverage affordable," 14 Nov. 2020 Clerks estimate that costs this year could be higher because of the challenges posed by the pandemic, such as finding larger venues to safely conduct the recount, Wolfe said. Scott Bauer, Star Tribune, "Wisconsin elections head says still no evidence of fraud," 12 Nov. 2020 If all stellar clusters produce rogue planets at the same rate as the simulated Orion Trapezium cluster, the University of Leiden astronomers estimate, then our galaxy could have as many as 50 billion rogue planets. Avery Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "Our Galaxy Could Have 50 Billion Rogue Planets, Just Doing Whatever the Hell They Want," 10 Nov. 2020 Knowing that not all Covid deaths get reported as such, one additional measure -- excess deaths -- helps estimate its impact by comparing 2020 fatalities to those in the same period during previous years. Jonathan Levin, Bloomberg.com, "With U.S. Covid Cases at Record, Hospitalizations May Be Next," 6 Nov. 2020 Although the death toll is unknown, some estimate as many as 60 people died in the massacre. National Geographic, "Descendants of an Election Day massacre reflect 100 years later," 5 Nov. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The median estimate among analysts is still that the U.S. economy will expand 4% in the final quarter relative to the third. Jon Sindreu, WSJ, "The Economy Is Still Vulnerable. Trade Could Be a Refuge.," 28 Nov. 2020 That estimate was at 1 in 880 residents two months ago, according to the Los Angeles Times. Jessica Flores, USA TODAY, "Coronavirus updates: As Joe Biden urges unity, CDC projects up to 321K deaths by Dec. 19; 1 out of every 145 infected in Los Angeles County," 26 Nov. 2020 The highest estimate ever documented in the county was in late June, when officials said that 1 in 140 were infected. Soumya Karlamangla Staff Writer, Los Angeles Times, "‘Getting worse each day’: 1 in 145 L.A. County residents can infect others with the coronavirus," 25 Nov. 2020 The new estimate is that 120,000 travelers will pass through the airport, down from an earlier forecast of 140,000. Laura Johnston, cleveland, "Good news on the COVID front: This Week in the CLE," 25 Nov. 2020 The median estimate by economists in a Bloomberg survey was for a negative balance of $80.4 billion. Ana Monteiro, Bloomberg.com, "U.S. Goods-Trade Gap Widens as Imports Rise to Highest in a Year," 25 Nov. 2020 Windsor said the cause of the fire was unknown and that a damage estimate was unavailable. David Hernandez, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Fire damages former InCahoots building in Mission Valley," 22 Nov. 2020 More than 15,000 people registered to attend the event, although no official crowd estimate was available. Arika Herron, The Indianapolis Star, "Indiana’s Red for Ed: A year later, COVID-19 has largely erased the sense of momentum," 19 Nov. 2020 In the United States—which has no national health-care system, no government mandate to offer prenatal screening—the best estimate for the termination rate after a diagnosis of Down syndrome is 67 percent. Sarah Zhang, The Atlantic, "The Last Children of Down Syndrome," 18 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Time Traveler for estimate

Time Traveler

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

2 Dec 2020

Cite this Entry

“Estimate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/estimate. Accessed 5 Dec. 2020.

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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Comments on estimate

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