estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 archaic

a : esteem
b : appraise
2a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation
2 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
3a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
4 : a statement of the cost of work to be done

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimative (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb

They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago.

Noun

According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The two countries also have nuclear weapons, with India having an estimated 100 to 200 nukes and Pakistan 110 to 130. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Aircraft Shot Down As Crisis Between India and Pakistan Escalates," 27 Feb. 2019 It is estimated that about three-to-five million microfiber pieces are in a human body at a single time. Tabor Wordelman, Teen Vogue, "Your Yoga Pants Are Polluting the Water You Drink," 19 Dec. 2018 Sotheby's had estimated to sell the item for between one and two million dollars, but a bidding war upped the price tag to a whopping $36 million. Chloe Foussianes, Town & Country, "Marie Antoinette's Pearl Pendant Sells for a Record-Breaking $36 Million at Auction," 15 Nov. 2018 Enrico Moretti, an economics professor at the University of California-Berkeley, has estimated that in addition to new Amazon employees, HQ2 could bring up to 250,000 additional indirect jobs to the winning city. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "Amazon HQ2 winner appears to be both New York and Crystal City, Virginia," 6 Nov. 2018 Originally, Facebook had estimated 50 million accounts might have been compromised. Kurt Wagner, Recode, "Facebook’s massive security hack was smaller than reported, but 29 million people still had their personal info stolen," 12 Oct. 2018 In the past, Arboretum officials have estimated around 90,000 pumpkins are usually grown for the Village, but this year Wegley guesses there were closer to 100,000 (!). Heather Finn, Good Housekeeping, "The Dallas Arboretum Uses 100,000 Pumpkins to Build Its Annual Fall Village," 12 Oct. 2018 Amazon estimates four weeks of life from a full charge for the All-new Kindle, while the Kindle Paperwhite can last up to six weeks from a full charge. Melissa Riofrio, PCWorld, "Amazon's All-new Kindle for $89.99 is priced for budget users," 20 Mar. 2019 Satellite images released Tuesday by the European Union earth observation program Copernicus showed some 492 square kilometers underwater in Mozambique, and the Red Cross estimated that some 400,000 of Beira’s residents were now homeless. Gabriele Steinhauser, WSJ, "Cyclone Shows Climate Change’s Deadly Impact on Poor Urbanizing Nations," 19 Mar. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

By most sound estimates, only about two percent of the world's population is naturally blonde. Allure, "The Best Blonde Hair Color Ideas for Every Skin Tone," 25 Mar. 2019 Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli’s annual estimate of the average bonus paid to security industry employees found that bonuses fell 17 percent last year, from $184,400 in 2017 to $153,700. Chris Carola, The Seattle Times, "Wall Street bonuses fall over $30K despite profit upturn," 26 Mar. 2019 The researchers, from University College London, used estimates of population decline during the 16th century to estimate how much farmland was reclaimed by forests during that century. Avery Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "European Discovery of the Americas Killed So Many People It Made the Earth Colder," 5 Feb. 2019 During the campaign, Trump’s estimates of the cost of wall-building ranged between $8 billion and $12 billion. Matthew Yglesias, Vox, "I’m starting to think Mexico isn’t going to pay for the wall," 20 Dec. 2018 Note that Second Measure’s estimates of Uber’s ride-sharing sales included revenue from Uber Eats until May 2017, when the measurement company was able to separate the two. Rani Molla, Recode, "Lyft has eaten into Uber’s U.S. market share, new data suggests," 12 Dec. 2018 The correlation the team found between a one-time estimate of screen time, and what the Screen Time app logged, fell right in between. Rachel Becker, The Verge, "The problem with studies saying phones are bad for you," 5 Dec. 2018 The mayor’s spokesman, Craig Gustafson, said city officials have not calculated any updated estimates of the city’s potential liability if the pension cuts are overturned. David Garrick, sandiegouniontribune.com, "If state Supreme Court rules against San Diego on pensions, it could could cost city millions," 14 July 2018 Lawmakers spent most of the more than two-hour hearing grilling MVA Administrator Christine Nizer about what went wrong at the agency and why estimates of the number of voters affected kept changing. Michael Dresser, baltimoresun.com, "Thousands of Maryland voters may have skipped primary because of MVA election error," 13 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

15 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estimate

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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More from Merriam-Webster on estimate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with estimate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for estimate

Spanish Central: Translation of estimate

Nglish: Translation of estimate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estimate for Arabic Speakers

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