Definition of eradicate
1 : to pull up by the roots
2 : to do away with as completely as if by pulling up by the roots programs to eradicate illiteracy
eradicableplay \i-ˈra-di-kə-bəl\ adjective
eradicationplay \i-ˌra-də-ˈkā-shən\ noun
eradicatorplay \i-ˈra-di-ˌkā-tər\ noun
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Examples of eradicate in a Sentence
The disease has now been completely eradicated.
His ambition is to eradicate poverty in his community.
Recent Examples of eradicate from the Web
The Body Shop has partnered with Cruelty Free International on an anti-animal testing campaign which aims to eradicate animal testing practices across the world.
All of which suggests that the United States can expect more dangerous outbreaks of measles, the preventable disease that hasn’t been eradicated after all.
Today, the weevil has been eradicated from 98 percent of U.S. cotton land across 15 Southern states and parts of northern Mexico.
ADOC began the process of establishing the corruption and fraud task force in 2016 to uncover and eradicate employee and inmate corruption in Alabama prisons and fully staffed the task force in February 2017.
Doctors use chemotherapy, and sometimes radiation, to eradicate the patient’s immune system.
Bob Appleton, Woodstock Grass is difficult to eradicate once it gets established in the crowns of perennials and beds of ground covers.
Doctors removed her uterus, her ovaries, appendix, a foot of her colon and several liters of malignant fluid to eradicate a series of tumors.
Mankind has successfully managed to eradicate only two diseases to date: smallpox in humans followed by the deadly cattle plague, rinderpest.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'eradicate'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
The Root of Eradicate is, Literally, Root
Given that eradicate first meant "to pull up by the roots," it's not surprising that the root of eradicate is, in fact, "root." Eradicate, which first turned up in English in the 16th century, comes from eradicatus, the past participle of the Latin verb eradicare. Eradicare, in turn, can be traced back to the Latin word radix, meaning "root" or "radish." Although eradicate began life as a word for literal uprooting, by the mid-17th century it had developed a metaphorical application to removing things the way one might yank an undesirable weed up by the roots. Other descendants of radix in English include radical and radish. Even the word root itself is related; it comes from the same ancient word that gave Latin radix.
Origin and Etymology of eradicate
Latin eradicatus, past participle of eradicare, from e- + radic-, radix root — more at root
First Known Use: 1532
Synonym Discussion of eradicate
ERADICATE Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of eradicate for English Language Learners
: to remove (something) completely : to eliminate or destroy (something harmful)
ERADICATE Defined for Kids
Definition of eradicate for Students
: to destroy completely The disease has been eradicated.
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