extirpate was our Word of the Day on 06/25/2016. Hear the podcast!
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Examples of extirpate in a Sentence
the triumph of modern medicine in extirpating certain diseases
Recent Examples of extirpate from the Web
They were nearly extirpated from the wild in U.S. waters, hunted for their pelts or government bounties.
What frightens Californians most about the next four years is that, instead of trying to learn from their state’s successes, Trump could seek to extirpate the federal programs that even California needs to thrive.
In the Southern Ocean, blue whales were almost extirpated in the 1920s.
Over a century before the idea of extinction was accepted, those who extirpated the dodo did not keep detailed records of the bird’s decline.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extirpate'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Dig Out the History of extirpate
If we do a little digging, we discover that extirpate finds its roots in, well, roots (and stumps). Early English uses of the word in the 16th century carried the meaning of "to clear of stumps" or "to pull something up by the root." Extirpate grew out of a combination of the Latin prefix ex- and the Latin noun stirps, meaning "trunk" or "root." The word stirp itself remains rooted in our own language as a term meaning "a line descending from a common ancestor."
Origin and Etymology of extirpate
Latin exstirpatus, past participle of exstirpare, from ex- + stirp-, stirps trunk, root
First Known Use: 1535See Words from the same year
Synonym Discussion of extirpate
EXTIRPATE Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of extirpate for English Language Learners
: to destroy or remove (something) completely
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