enu·​mer·​ate | \ i-ˈn(y)ü-mə-ˌrāt How to pronounce enumerate (audio) \
enumerated; enumerating

Definition of enumerate

transitive verb

1 : to ascertain the number of : count
2 : to specify one after another : list

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Other Words from enumerate

enumerative \ i-​ˈn(y)ü-​mə-​ˌrā-​tiv How to pronounce enumerative (audio) , -​ˈn(y)üm-​rə-​ , -​ˈn(y)ü-​mə-​rə-​ \ adjective

The Meaning of Enumerate Gets Specific

In a census year, the U.S. government attempts to enumerate every single citizen of the country—a task that, even in the modern era of technology, isn't truly possible. Medical tests often require the enumeration of bacteria, viruses, or other organisms to determine the progress of a disease or the effectiveness of a medication. Despite its numer- root, you don't have to use numbers when enumerating. For students of government and law, the "enumerated powers" are the specific responsibilities of the Congress, as listed in the U.S. Constitution; these are the only powers that Congress has, a fact that the Tenth Amendment makes even more clearly.

Examples of enumerate in a Sentence

Let me enumerate my reasons for doing this. I proceeded to enumerate the reasons why I would be justified in filing a lawsuit for negligence.

Recent Examples on the Web

During a meeting with House Republicans in July 2016, Trump was asked for views on Article I (which enumerates the powers of Congress). James Hohmann, Washington Post, "The Daily 202: Trump’s rejection of due process for gun owners points to his disdain for the rule of law," 1 Mar. 2018 This second go-round had predictably bad questions from Congresspeople who were more interested in pushing a narrative that Google Search had a bias against conservatives than digging into, well, any of the issues enumerated above. Dieter Bohn, The Verge, "The Verge 2018 tech report card: Google," 26 Dec. 2018 Let’s look at the risk factors, as enumerated by Medical News Today. 1. Steve Brykman, Ars Technica, "Forget Fortnite—my son is still obsessed with Minecraft," 16 Dec. 2018 Actual medicines have research behind them, enumerating their benefits, characterizing their harms, and ensuring the former supersedes the latter. Peter B. Bach, WSJ, "If Weed Is Medicine, So Is Budweiser," 17 Jan. 2019 Lesser crimes were not enumerated by the DA but can be determined by reviewing the Feb. 15 directive. Stu Bykofsky, Philly.com, "DA Larry Krasner's revolution comes with a couple of speed bumps | Stu Bykofsky," 12 Apr. 2018 And he's not spoken out specifically about the issues enumerated by the administration. Callum Borchers, Washington Post, "White House: Trump has been tough on Russia because he said so," 6 Apr. 2018 The first 82 counts of the indictment enumerated shipments of caviar that Garbarino had received between 1984 and 1987 and for which false customs declarations had been filed. David Samuels, Town & Country, "One Bad Egg," 18 Oct. 2013 If President Donald Trump is around, critics will enumerate his myriad and sometimes serious faults and then outdo him. Jay Ambrose, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Brett Kavanaugh an excellent Supreme Court pick," 11 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'enumerate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of enumerate

1616, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for enumerate

Latin enumeratus, past participle of enumerare, from e- + numerare to count, from numerus number

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Statistics for enumerate

Last Updated

1 Jun 2019

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Time Traveler for enumerate

The first known use of enumerate was in 1616

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English Language Learners Definition of enumerate

: to name (things) one after another in a list


enu·​mer·​ate | \ i-ˈnü-mə-ˌrāt How to pronounce enumerate (audio) , -ˈnyü-\
enumerated; enumerating

Kids Definition of enumerate

2 : to name one after another : list

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Comments on enumerate

What made you want to look up enumerate? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


incapable of being surmounted or overcome

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