enu·​mer·​ate | \ i-ˈn(y)ü-mə-ˌrāt How to pronounce enumerate (audio) \
enumerated; enumerating

Definition of enumerate

transitive verb

1 : to ascertain the number of : count
2 : to specify one after another : list

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Other Words from enumerate

enumerative \ i-​ˈn(y)ü-​mə-​ˌrā-​tiv How to pronounce enumerative (audio) , -​ˈn(y)üm-​rə-​ , -​ˈn(y)ü-​mə-​rə-​ \ adjective

The Meaning of Enumerate Gets Specific

In a census year, the U.S. government attempts to enumerate every single citizen of the country—a task that, even in the modern era of technology, isn't truly possible. Medical tests often require the enumeration of bacteria, viruses, or other organisms to determine the progress of a disease or the effectiveness of a medication. Despite its numer- root, you don't have to use numbers when enumerating. For students of government and law, the "enumerated powers" are the specific responsibilities of the Congress, as listed in the U.S. Constitution; these are the only powers that Congress has, a fact that the Tenth Amendment makes even more clearly.

Examples of enumerate in a Sentence

Let me enumerate my reasons for doing this. I proceeded to enumerate the reasons why I would be justified in filing a lawsuit for negligence.
Recent Examples on the Web Yet another standing problem for all of the antitrust claims, says WME — citing another of the five factors the Ninth Circuit enumerated — is the problem of identifying and apportioning damages among claimants. Jonathan Handel, The Hollywood Reporter, "Where the Writers Guild Stands in Its Legal War With Agencies," 30 Oct. 2019 With the Hot Wells Hotel, the question is which version of the hotel, as enumerated by the Edwards Aquifer Website, www.edwardsaquifer.net. Paula Allen, ExpressNews.com, "San Antonio builder found a way to foil floor fires at the turn of the 20th century," 14 Sep. 2019 By contrast, there is no enumerated right in the US Constitution to operate or store a vehicle on public land. Letters To The Editor, The Mercury News, "Letter: Gun makers have locked up patents on gun safety devices," 22 Aug. 2019 Other commands allowed the attacker to enumerate Capital One folders stored on AWS and to copy their contents. Dan Goodin, Ars Technica, "Hacker ID’d as former Amazon employee steals data of 106 million people from Capital One," 29 July 2019 The district was issued various citations over the years, which were later enumerated in the state water board’s own October 2018 order taking control of the district, including for repeatedly failing to adequately test water quality. New York Times, "The Crisis Lurking in Californians’ Taps: How 1,000 Water Systems May Be at Risk," 24 July 2019 Eberstadt: As mentioned, though there are more causes than one of our disarray — as enumerated in Primal Screams — the most overlooked cause of all is radical social change beginning in the 1960s. Nr Interview, National Review, "Identity Politics Runs Much Deeper than Politics," 27 Aug. 2019 Other offenses in the puzzle riled for different reasons, which Rebecca Falcon, a 30-year-old crossword constructor, enumerated at length on Twitter. Peter Rubin, WIRED, "Upstart Crossword Puzzle Builders Get Their Point Across (and Down)," 19 Aug. 2019 They were also seen enumerating administrative groups to attempt further exploitation. Dan Goodin, Ars Technica, "Microsoft catches Russian state hackers using IoT devices to breach networks," 5 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'enumerate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of enumerate

1616, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for enumerate

Latin enumeratus, past participle of enumerare, from e- + numerare to count, from numerus number

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Time Traveler for enumerate

Time Traveler

The first known use of enumerate was in 1616

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Statistics for enumerate

Last Updated

16 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Enumerate.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/enumerates. Accessed 22 November 2019.

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More Definitions for enumerate


How to pronounce enumerate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of enumerate

: to name (things) one after another in a list


enu·​mer·​ate | \ i-ˈnü-mə-ˌrāt How to pronounce enumerate (audio) , -ˈnyü-\
enumerated; enumerating

Kids Definition of enumerate

2 : to name one after another : list

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Comments on enumerate

What made you want to look up enumerate? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


not agreeing with established beliefs

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