de·​mog·​ra·​phy | \ di-ˈmä-grə-fē How to pronounce demography (audio) \

Definition of demography

: the statistical study of human populations especially with reference to size and density (see density sense 2c), distribution, and vital statistics

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Other Words from demography

demographer \ di-​ˈmä-​grə-​fər How to pronounce demographer (audio) \ noun

Examples of demography in a Sentence

the shifting demography of Europe

Recent Examples on the Web

The impulse to belong to a clan is deeply human, however, and new tribes continue to form, organized not around ancestry but along fuzzier lines of ideology or demography. Laila Lalami, New York Times, "Does American ‘Tribalism’ End in a Compromise, or a Fight?," 26 June 2018 The three main ones relate to demography, migration and changing labour markets. The Economist, "The welfare state needs updating," 12 July 2018 Collective beliefs about life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness inform each citizen’s personal choices, and inevitably affect the nation’s demography. Robert C. Hamilton, WSJ, "God Said, ‘Be Fruitful and Multiply’," 11 Sep. 2018 According to Hawley, a political scientist who specializes in demography and the far right, roughly 12 percent of America’s 198 million non-Hispanic whites have beliefs consistent with the alt-right’s worldview. Zack Beauchamp, Vox, "Study: 24 million white Americans think like the alt-right," 10 Aug. 2018 So far, though, Texas has mainly been proof that demography is not destiny. The Economist, "Demography is not destinyBuilding a multiracial coalition is more difficult than it seems," 12 July 2018 Mr Grievson predicts that central Europe’s demography will limit growth from the 2020s on. The Economist, "Central Europe’s Goldilocks economies," 5 July 2018 Get our daily newsletter The authorities seem intent on maintaining the new demography. The Economist, "How a victorious Bashar al-Assad is changing Syria," 28 June 2018 Whites without a bachelor’s degree will make up 44 percent of eligible voters in 2020, said Ruy Teixeira, a political scientist who did a broad study of demography and politics this spring. Sabrina Tavernise,, "Fewer births than deaths among whites in majority of US states," 20 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'demography.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of demography

1880, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for demography

demo- + -graphy

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Statistics for demography

Last Updated

23 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for demography

The first known use of demography was in 1880

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English Language Learners Definition of demography

: the study of changes (such as the number of births, deaths, marriages, and illnesses) that occur over a period of time in human populations also : a set of such changes


de·​mog·​ra·​phy | \ di-ˈmäg-rə-fē How to pronounce demography (audio) \
plural demographies

Medical Definition of demography

: the statistical study of human populations especially with reference to size and density, distribution, and vital statistics

Other Words from demography

demographer \ -​fər How to pronounce demographer (audio) \ noun

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More from Merriam-Webster on demography

Spanish Central: Translation of demography

Britannica English: Translation of demography for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about demography

Comments on demography

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using a distributed computer network

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