ge·​og·​ra·​phy | \ jē-ˈä-grə-fē How to pronounce geography (audio) \
plural geographies

Definition of geography

1 : a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface
2 : the geographic features of an area
3 : a treatise on geography
4a : a delineation or systematic arrangement of constituent elements : configuration the philosophers … have tried to construct geographies of human reasonTimes Literary Supplement
b : makeup sense 1 her emotional geography

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Examples of geography in a Sentence

studying the geography of the western United States the geography of the region matches ancient descriptions of the location of the lost city
Recent Examples on the Web In an interview, senior program officer Caira Woods said the YWCA made clear that poverty was structurally designed into the city’s geography a century ago, making economic advancement and opportunity all but impossible. Elaine Ayala,, "Ayala: In a time of change, YWCA San Antonio takes on challenge to reverse misconceptions about the poor," 27 June 2020 China's argument is that it's not constrained to build in the complex geography of the Swiss-French border, with its lakes and mountain ranges. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Europe officially sets its sights on a giant LHC successor," 25 June 2020 Simon Donner is a professor of geography at the University of British Columbia. Simon Donner, Scientific American, "The Ugly History of Climate Determinism Is Still Evident Today," 24 June 2020 And geography may also be favoring the progressive contenders. Fox News, "Progressive candidates surge in New York congressional primaries," 24 June 2020 Killingsworth served as student government association president and graduated from JSU with a bachelor’s degree in geography in 1999 and a master’s degree in counseling in 2001. William Thornton |, al, "Jacksonville State University names new president," 23 June 2020 The size and the geography of Texas aided slaveholders in attempts to keep those enslaved from learning of emancipation. Jelani Cobb, The New Yorker, "Juneteenth and the Meaning of Freedom," 19 June 2020 Research that examined the impact of geography on heart attacks and infant mortality found similar results. David Hogberg, Washington Examiner, "Structural racism may not be the cause of health disparities between blacks and whites," 18 June 2020 Those disparities have longed been defined by geography, with most of the county’s poverty concentrated in southern Dallas where African Americans and Latinos live. Dallas News, "Racism is a public health crisis, Dallas County commissioners declare," 17 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'geography.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of geography

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for geography

Latin geographia, from Greek geōgraphia, from geōgraphein to describe the earth's surface, from geō- + graphein to write — more at carve

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Time Traveler for geography

Time Traveler

The first known use of geography was in the 15th century

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Statistics for geography

Last Updated

2 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Geography.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 9 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for geography


How to pronounce geography (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of geography

: an area of study that deals with the location of countries, cities, rivers, mountains, lakes, etc.
: the natural features (such as rivers, mountains, etc.) of a place


ge·​og·​ra·​phy | \ jē-ˈä-grə-fē How to pronounce geography (audio) \

Kids Definition of geography

1 : a science that deals with the location of living and nonliving things on earth and the way they affect one another
2 : the natural features of an area the geography of the western United States

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