ge·​og·​ra·​phy | \ jē-ˈä-grə-fē How to pronounce geography (audio) \
plural geographies

Definition of geography

1 : a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface
2 : the geographic features of an area
3 : a treatise on geography
4a : a delineation or systematic arrangement of constituent elements : configuration the philosophers … have tried to construct geographies of human reasonTimes Literary Supplement
b : makeup sense 1 her emotional geography

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Examples of geography in a Sentence

studying the geography of the western United States the geography of the region matches ancient descriptions of the location of the lost city

Recent Examples on the Web

The shifting economic geography is also altering domestic migration, which once helped to close the economic gap between rich and poor places. New York Times, "Why Midsize Cities Struggle to Catch Up to Superstar Cities," 16 July 2019 But in the national battle over America’s second sin, the geography is flipped. David French, National Review, "The South Is a Pro-Life Stronghold," 11 July 2019 Because of the geography, your state trooper may be up to two days away. Clare Hymes, CBS News, "Barr announces over $10 million to fund law enforcement crisis in rural Alaska," 28 June 2019 Food, coffee, loose nails, doorframes, dog parks, campus benches — there are infinite hazards that can forever alter the fabric’s aging geography. Aram Mrjoian, Longreads, "Bearing the Weight of My Grandfathers’ Old Clothes," 15 June 2019 Above all, gangs manifest their power through extortion and territorial control, creating a geography of safe and unsafe spaces, a map of violence that shapes daily life. Daniel Castro, Harper's magazine, "The Truce," 10 June 2019 The whales feed on chinook from a broad geography, from rivers in Puget Sound to the trans-boundary waters of the Salish Sea and Columbia and Snake rivers. Lynda V. Mapes, The Seattle Times, "Will we now commit to saving the Northwest’s orcas? A task force meets Tuesday," 7 Aug. 2018 The biggest Democratic problem in the House is geography because far more of their voters are concentrated in cities. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "The Gerrymander Excuse Implodes," 16 Nov. 2018 And there's the geography itself — the firs and pines, the lakes and streams, and the harsh winters that aren't much different from the weather and the landscape of Finland itself. John Carlisle, Detroit Free Press, "John Carlisle: Fortitude, tradition help Finns flourish in brutal U.P.," 24 Aug. 2014

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'geography.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of geography

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for geography

Latin geographia, from Greek geōgraphia, from geōgraphein to describe the earth's surface, from geō- + graphein to write — more at carve

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Statistics for geography

Last Updated

23 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for geography

The first known use of geography was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for geography



English Language Learners Definition of geography

: an area of study that deals with the location of countries, cities, rivers, mountains, lakes, etc.
: the natural features (such as rivers, mountains, etc.) of a place


ge·​og·​ra·​phy | \ jē-ˈä-grə-fē How to pronounce geography (audio) \

Kids Definition of geography

1 : a science that deals with the location of living and nonliving things on earth and the way they affect one another
2 : the natural features of an area the geography of the western United States

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Comments on geography

What made you want to look up geography? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


something desired as essential

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