pho·​to·​li·​thog·​ra·​phy ˌfō-tō-li-ˈthä-grə-fē How to pronounce photolithography (audio)
: lithography in which photographically prepared plates are used
: a process involving the photographic transfer of a pattern to a surface for etching (as in producing an integrated circuit)
photolithograph noun or transitive verb
photolithographic adjective
photolithographically adverb

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web One guy, another billionaire who developed this particular photolithography, had just fixed his own roof. WIRED, 23 Mar. 2023 This second generation evolution of ASML's extreme ultra-violet photolithography can reduce the size of transistors—the building blocks of integrated semiconducting circuits—to just 20 angstroms (Å). Christiaan Hetzner, Fortune, 10 Sep. 2021 One key point of vulnerability is the Netherlands, where the photolithography leader ASML Holding produces the only extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography machines in the world. IEEE Spectrum, 14 Feb. 2022 The intricate patterns on today's computer chips are made by a technique known as photolithography. Discover Magazine, 29 June 2010 The limits of photolithography are set by the wavelength of light. Discover Magazine, 29 June 2010 To create the ultrasound probe, the scientists used 3D printing, laser micromachining, and photolithography, in which light is used to create a pattern on a photosensitive material. Wired, 29 July 2022 It was then exposed to blue light via a photolithography process to create the motif designed by artist Thanh-Phong Le, which is meant to depict the sun’s golden rays hitting the blue water at sunset. Paige Reddinger, Robb Report, 18 Feb. 2022 While chipmakers may be dependent on Europe for its photolithography machines, Europe is dependent on Asia for its supply of semiconductors — and Taiwan in particular. Christiaan Hetzner, Fortune, 20 Jan. 2022 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'photolithography.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


International Scientific Vocabulary

First Known Use

1856, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of photolithography was in 1856

Dictionary Entries Near photolithography

Cite this Entry

“Photolithography.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 10 Jun. 2023.

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