li·​thog·​ra·​phy li-ˈthä-grə-fē How to pronounce lithography (audio)
: the process of printing from a plane surface (such as a smooth stone or metal plate) on which the image to be printed is ink-receptive and the blank area ink-repellent
: the process of producing patterns on semiconductor crystals for use as integrated circuits

Examples of lithography in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web To give chips their quintessential circuits, fabs use incredibly powerful lithography tools, which etch intricate patterns into silicon sheets called wafers. Rebecca Heilweil, WIRED, 19 July 2023 From its introduction around 2006, 193-nm immersion lithography was the industry workhorse for leading-edge lithography The resolution of photolithography has improved about 10,000-fold over the last four decades. IEEE Spectrum, 29 July 2023 The regulations will force ASML, the largest European tech firm by market valuation, to apply for licenses to ship some advanced deep ultraviolet lithography, or DUV, systems. Time, 10 July 2023 The semiconductor industry for many years had a free ride from improvements in lithography, which enabled gate-length scaling. IEEE Spectrum, 26 July 2023 And Intel wants federal support for a major new lithography lab in Oregon, which is already home to Intel’s most advanced research. Mike Rogoway |, oregonlive, 25 June 2023 Romita graduated high school in 1947 and worked in lithography. Nardine Saad, Los Angeles Times, 14 June 2023 This is the foundational zero-to-one of lithography. Virginia Heffernan, WIRED, 21 Mar. 2023 The Dutch government is currently facing pressure from the United States to limit exports to China, particularly from ASML (ASML), a semiconductor equipment maker that holds a dominant position in the lithography machine market, according to Lu at Eurasia Group. Michelle Toh, CNN, 25 Nov. 2022 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'lithography.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


litho- + -graphy, after French lithographie or German Lithographie (now Lithografie)

First Known Use

1813, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of lithography was in 1813

Dictionary Entries Near lithography

Cite this Entry

“Lithography.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 3 Oct. 2023.

Kids Definition


li·​thog·​ra·​phy lith-ˈäg-rə-fē How to pronounce lithography (audio)
: a method of printing from a flat surface (as a smooth stone or metal plate) that has been prepared in such a way that only the areas meant to print will take ink

More from Merriam-Webster on lithography

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