de·​mog·​ra·​phy | \ di-ˈmä-grə-fē How to pronounce demography (audio) \

Definition of demography

: the statistical study of human populations especially with reference to size and density (see density sense 2c), distribution, and vital statistics

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Other Words from demography

demographer \ di-​ˈmä-​grə-​fər How to pronounce demographer (audio) \ noun

Examples of demography in a Sentence

the shifting demography of Europe

Recent Examples on the Web

In Britain and America, at least, demography is against them. The Economist, "The global crisis in conservatism," 4 July 2019 Unprecedented diversity of candidates The debates spotlighted the unprecedented diversity of the Democratic field in demography and generation. Susan Page, USA TODAY, "Biden's image as the inevitable nominee, the one to beat Trump, was dinged Thursday," 28 June 2019 The shift to a positive understanding of reproductive rights has been driven, to a large extent, by technology, demography, and social change. Anna Louie Sussman, The New Yorker, "The Case for Redefining Infertility," 18 June 2019 But demography does not fully explain the precarious state of Niger. Robert Draper, National Geographic, "Surrounded by chaos, Niger is a nation on the edge," 17 June 2019 The impulse to belong to a clan is deeply human, however, and new tribes continue to form, organized not around ancestry but along fuzzier lines of ideology or demography. Laila Lalami, New York Times, "Does American ‘Tribalism’ End in a Compromise, or a Fight?," 26 June 2018 The three main ones relate to demography, migration and changing labour markets. The Economist, "The welfare state needs updating," 12 July 2018 Collective beliefs about life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness inform each citizen’s personal choices, and inevitably affect the nation’s demography. Robert C. Hamilton, WSJ, "God Said, ‘Be Fruitful and Multiply’," 11 Sep. 2018 According to Hawley, a political scientist who specializes in demography and the far right, roughly 12 percent of America’s 198 million non-Hispanic whites have beliefs consistent with the alt-right’s worldview. Zack Beauchamp, Vox, "Study: 24 million white Americans think like the alt-right," 10 Aug. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'demography.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of demography

1880, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for demography

demo- + -graphy

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Statistics for demography

Last Updated

15 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for demography

The first known use of demography was in 1880

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English Language Learners Definition of demography

: the study of changes (such as the number of births, deaths, marriages, and illnesses) that occur over a period of time in human populations also : a set of such changes


de·​mog·​ra·​phy | \ di-ˈmäg-rə-fē How to pronounce demography (audio) \
plural demographies

Medical Definition of demography

: the statistical study of human populations especially with reference to size and density, distribution, and vital statistics

Other Words from demography

demographer \ -​fər How to pronounce demographer (audio) \ noun

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More from Merriam-Webster on demography

Spanish Central: Translation of demography

Britannica English: Translation of demography for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about demography

Comments on demography

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something desired as essential

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