col·​lab·​o·​rate | \ kə-ˈla-bə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio) \
collaborated; collaborating

Definition of collaborate

intransitive verb

1 : to work jointly with others or together especially in an intellectual endeavor An international team of scientists collaborated on the study.
2 : to cooperate with or willingly assist an enemy of one's country and especially an occupying force suspected of collaborating with the enemy
3 : to cooperate with an agency or instrumentality with which one is not immediately connected The two schools collaborate on library services.

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Other Words from collaborate

collaboration \ kə-​ˌla-​bə-​ˈrā-​shən How to pronounce collaboration (audio) \ noun
collaborative \ kə-​ˈla-​bə-​ˌrā-​tiv , -​b(ə-​)rə-​ How to pronounce collaborative (audio) \ adjective or noun
collaboratively \ kə-​ˈla-​bə-​ˌrā-​tiv-​lē How to pronounce collaboratively (audio) , -​b(ə-​)rə-​ \ adverb

Did You Know?

The Latin prefix com-, meaning "with, together, or jointly," is a bit of a chameleon - it has a tricky habit of changing its appearance depending on what it's next to. If the word it precedes begins with "l," "com-" becomes "col-." In the case of collaborate, com- teamed up with laborare ("to labor") to form Late Latin collaborare ("to labor together"). Colleague, collect, and collide are a few more examples of the "com-" to "col-" transformation. Other descendants of laborare in English include elaborate,- _laboratory, and labor itself.

Examples of collaborate in a Sentence

The two companies agreed to collaborate. He was suspected of collaborating with the occupying army.
Recent Examples on the Web McDonough’s husband, a mechanical engineer with a specialty in medical devices, collaborated on the face shields. John Detrixhe, Quartz, "A luxury leather company is using a post-apocalypse art thesis to survive the pandemic," 8 May 2020 The magazine reported that $599,000 of the initial grant money went to Shi Zhengli, a virologist at the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) who collaborates with EcoHealth. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "NIH abruptly cuts coronavirus research funding, alarming scientists," 1 May 2020 Error 0: After a successful first event, Houston Food Bank and Cy-Hope, who collaborated on the project, have decided to continue hosting their mega food distribution event every Wednesday in the Houston Premium Outlets Parking Lot. Chevall Pryce, Houston Chronicle, "Cy-Hope and Houston Food Bank begin weekly mega food distribution in the Houston Premium Outlets parking lot," 16 Apr. 2020 Usher initially responded by flexing his falsetto on the ‘gram after songwriter Eric Bellinger, who has collaborated with Usher frequently, kicked off the #ClimaxChallenge. Keyaira Boone, Essence, "Usher Shades The Weeknd After The Canadian Singer Claimed The R&B Legend Stole His Style On 'Climax'," 10 Apr. 2020 The body of Yunis, who closely collaborated with Hezbollah’s ally Iran, was discovered over the weekend inside a car where he had been shot and stabbed, according to Haaretz. Zachary Halaschak, Washington Examiner, "Senior Hezbollah commander found dead with gunshot and stab wounds: Reports," 6 Apr. 2020 The bomb radiocarbon could not have gotten there by riding the ocean’s conveyor belt, says Ellen Druffel, a scientist at UC Irvine who collaborated with the Chinese team. Carl Zimmer, The Atlantic, "Nuclear Tests Marked Life on Earth With a Radioactive Spike," 20 Mar. 2020 Art d'Core, the exhibition of works by members of the Artlink Artist Council who have collaborated with local artists will be on show to the public at Artlink's Park Central headquarters as well as online in a virtual gallery. Kimi Robinson, azcentral, "Phoenix museums, arts venues: What's open, closed, canceled during coronavirus outbreak," 13 Mar. 2020 Artists and musicians who aren’t directly collaborating can publish a 3-D chair or a two-minute composition for string quartet and allow others to use the asset in their projects—or, with the appropriate permission, to adapt or remix the work. Simon Parkin, The New Yorker, "The Video Game That Lets You Make Video Games," 19 Feb. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'collaborate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of collaborate

1871, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for collaborate

Late Latin collaboratus, past participle of collaborare to labor together, from Latin com- + laborare to labor — more at labor

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Time Traveler for collaborate

Time Traveler

The first known use of collaborate was in 1871

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Statistics for collaborate

Last Updated

23 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Collaborate.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 28 May. 2020.

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More Definitions for collaborate


How to pronounce collaborate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of collaborate

: to work with another person or group in order to achieve or do something
disapproving : to give help to an enemy who has invaded your country during a war


col·​lab·​o·​rate | \ kə-ˈla-bə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio) \
collaborated; collaborating

Kids Definition of collaborate

1 : to work with others (as in writing a book)
2 : to cooperate with an enemy force that has taken over a person's country


intransitive verb
col·​lab·​o·​rate | \ kə-ˈla-bə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio) \
collaborated; collaborating

Legal Definition of collaborate

: to work jointly with others in some endeavor

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