col·​lab·​o·​rate kə-ˈla-bə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
collaborated; collaborating

intransitive verb

: to work jointly with others or together especially in an intellectual endeavor
An international team of scientists collaborated on the study.
: to cooperate with or willingly assist an enemy of one's country and especially an occupying force
suspected of collaborating with the enemy
: to cooperate with an agency or instrumentality with which one is not immediately connected
The two schools collaborate on library services.
collaboration noun
-b(ə-)rə- How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
adjective or noun
collaboratively adverb

Did you know?

The Latin prefix com-, meaning "with, together, or jointly," is a bit of a chameleon—it has a tricky habit of changing its appearance depending on what it's next to. If the word it precedes begins with l, com- becomes col- (as in colleague, collect, and collide). In the case of collaborate, com- teamed up with laborare ("to labor") to form Late Latin collaborare ("to labor together").

Examples of collaborate in a Sentence

The two companies agreed to collaborate. He was suspected of collaborating with the occupying army.
Recent Examples on the Web Music Taylor Swift’s ‘1989 (Taylor’s Version)’ will enter its 2023 era this October Aug. 10, 2023 Since then, Swift and Ice Spice have collaborated on a song and maintained a friendship that was on full display during the MTV Video Music Awards on Tuesday night. Christi Carras, Los Angeles Times, 13 Sep. 2023 When the two artists accepted their Moon Person trophy on Tuesday, Gomez took a moment to express gratitude toward Rema for collaborating with her. Jack Irvin, Peoplemag, 13 Sep. 2023 In a new interview with Billboard (Sept. 13), Diddy revealed that his mind is still set on collaborating with his two fellow businessmen in some capacity. Kyle Denis, Billboard, 13 Sep. 2023 Talia Morales became a Wedding TikTok thought leader after sharing her thoughtful approach to collaborating with her bridesmaids. Hanna Lustig, Glamour, 12 Sep. 2023 The two organizations have been collaborating on such projects in New York since 1991. Jennifer Egan, The New Yorker, 11 Sep. 2023 He’s still popped up here and there as a featured artist, known for collaborating with A-list talent including Kendrick Lamar, Solange, Frank Ocean, Travis Scott, Kanye West, and more. Madison Bloom, Pitchfork, 11 Sep. 2023 The comfortable and breathable shoe is the second time that the two brands have collaborated. Kerane Marcellus, Essence, 10 Sep. 2023 Instead of trapping and killing them, as has been done in the past, the prison and the Humane Society of Southern Arizona, an animal advocacy and shelter nonprofit, are collaborating to save them. Sarah Lapidus, The Arizona Republic, 1 Sep. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'collaborate.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


Late Latin collaboratus, past participle of collaborare to labor together, from Latin com- + laborare to labor — more at labor

First Known Use

1871, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of collaborate was in 1871


Dictionary Entries Near collaborate

Cite this Entry

“Collaborate.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 1 Oct. 2023.

Kids Definition


col·​lab·​o·​rate kə-ˈlab-ə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
collaborated; collaborating
: to work with others (as in writing a book)
: to cooperate with an enemy force that has taken over one's country
collaboration noun
collaborator noun

Legal Definition


intransitive verb
col·​lab·​o·​rate kə-ˈla-bə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
collaborated; collaborating
: to work jointly with others in some endeavor

More from Merriam-Webster on collaborate

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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