cited; citing

transitive verb

: to call upon officially or authoritatively to appear (as before a court)
: to quote by way of example, authority, or proof
cites several noteworthy authors
: to refer to
especially : to mention formally in commendation or praise
She was cited for bravery.
: to name in a citation
cited by the trustees for his work in public health
: to bring forward or call to another's attention especially as an example, proof, or precedent
cited the weather as a reason for canceling the picnic
cited several studies that support his theory
citable adjective

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Cite, Sight, and Site

As homophones—words that sound alike but are distinct— cite, sight, and site are easily confused, but they have different meanings, uses, and origins.

Cite is most often encountered in the sense of "to name in a citation"—that is, a line or short section taken from a piece of writing or a speech; it may also mean "to mention as an example" or "to order to appear in a court of law." Cite is from the Latin citare, "to rouse, call on, summon," source too of citation and recite.

Most of the senses of sight are concerned with seeing. A wonderful spectacle might be described as a sight, as might the general capacity to see anything ("my sight is not as good as it once was"). Sight is also used in a number of fixed phrases, such as "out of sight, out of mind," "sight unseen," and "set one's sights on." Sight comes from Old English gesiht, meaning "the faculty or act of sight, thing seen."

Site is most often concerned with location; it is related to situate, "to locate," and situation, "relative position or combination of circumstances at a particular moment." A building site is the place where a building is, or will be, located. In contemporary English, site is frequently used as a shortened form of website, to refer to the location of a group of web pages. Site comes from Latin situs, meaning "place, position, site."

Associating citation with cite, eyesight with sight, and situate with site may be helpful in applying these correctly.

Choose the Right Synonym for cite

summon, call, cite, convoke, convene, muster mean to demand the presence of.

summon implies the exercise of authority.

was summoned to answer charges

call may be used less formally for summon.

called the legislature into special session

cite implies a summoning to court usually to answer a charge.

cited for drunken driving

convoke implies a summons to assemble for deliberative or legislative purposes.

convoked a Vatican council

convene is somewhat less formal than convoke.

convened the students

muster suggests a calling up of a number of things that form a group in order that they may be exhibited, displayed, or utilized as a whole.

mustered the troops

Examples of cite in a Sentence

The article cites several experts on the subject. The museum had often been cited as an example of successful fund-raising. He cited evidence suggesting she was in the area when the crime was committed. She was cited for reckless driving.
Recent Examples on the Web Much of Forrest’s historical adventures involve Hanks-as-Forrest being digitally inserted into historical footage, an effect often cited as evidence the film has aged poorly. Ciara Moloney, IndieWire, 4 July 2024 Earlier this year, Northern Territory officials said the number of crocodiles allowed to be removed annually would be increased to 1,200 from 300, citing the threat to human safety. Aishwarya Thapa Chhetri, NBC News, 4 July 2024 Following the incident, the American Jewish Committee put out a statement citing the rising rate of antisemitism in the United States over the past five years. Allison Kiehl, The Enquirer, 3 July 2024 Three of her attorneys withdrew from the case citing a conflict, while one withdrew after Boone hired a different attorney. Silas Morgan, Orlando Sentinel, 3 July 2024 See all Example Sentences for cite 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'cite.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


Middle English, from Anglo-French citer to cite, summon, from Latin citare to put in motion, rouse, summon, from frequentative of ciēre to stir, move — more at -kinesis

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of cite was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near cite

Cite this Entry

“Cite.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 16 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition


cited; citing
: to summon to appear before a court
: to quote as an example, authority, or proof
: to refer to especially in praise

Legal Definition


transitive verb
cited; citing
: to demand the appearance of in court : serve with a citation
had been cited for contempt
you are hereby cited to show cause in the Probate Court
: to quote or refer to as a precedent or authority
the plaintiff cites several cases for the proposition

Latin citare to rouse, call on, summon

More from Merriam-Webster on cite

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