calculate

verb
cal·​cu·​late | \ ˈkal-kyə-ˌlāt \
calculated; calculating

Definition of calculate

transitive verb

1a : to determine by mathematical processes calculate the rate of acceleration
b : to reckon by exercise of practical judgment : estimate calculate the likelihood of success
c : to solve or probe the meaning of : figure out trying to calculate his expression— Hugh MacLennan
2 : to design or adapt for a purpose he carefully calculated the timing of his arrival for maximum impact
3a : to judge to be true or probable
b : intend I calculate to do it or perish in the attempt— Mark Twain

intransitive verb

1a : to make a calculation
b : to forecast consequences
2 : count, rely

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Synonyms for calculate

Synonyms

cipher, compute, figure, reckon, work out

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Examples of calculate in a Sentence

calculate the volume of a cylinder I need to calculate how long it will take me to drive to Chicago. We calculated the cost of new carpeting for the whole house. We need to calculate our chances of success before we invest more money in the business.
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Recent Examples on the Web

New York’s minimum wage increased 24%, to $9 from $7.25 an hour between 2011 and 2016, the time period measured by the study, which used employment and wage data calculated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Kate King, WSJ, "New York City’s Nightlife Economy Is Thriving, Study Finds," 24 Jan. 2019 Traditional ballistic missiles boost their warheads into space, where they are carried on ballistic trajectories calculated to end at their targets. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "China: Our Hypersonic Missiles Can Sink U.S. Aircraft Carriers," 23 Jan. 2019 Bredesen crunched all these results with a computer algorithm that calculated a complex 36-point personalized therapeutic program to counteract Weinrich’s specific constellation of deficits. Linda Marsa, Discover Magazine, "A New Treatment for Alzheimer's? It Starts With Lifestyle," 16 Nov. 2018 In a court order, for example, Sears sowed doubts among note buyers that the securities could be used for calculating swaps payouts, curbing market interest, people familiar with the matter said. Andrew Scurria, WSJ, "Sears Bankruptcy Battle Tests Swaps Market," 19 Dec. 2018 These include algorithms used for calculating prison sentences and allotting medical aid. James Vincent, The Verge, "When algorithms go wrong we need more power to fight back, say AI researchers," 8 Dec. 2018 Estimates like these can vary substantially because of the different methods used in calculating them. Cathleen O'grady, Ars Technica, "A new, eye-wateringly high estimate of the cost of obesity in the US," 1 Nov. 2018 It's determined by calculating your birth date, location, and time of birth. Amanda Mitchell, Marie Claire, "What Your Zodiac Sign Says About How You Should Prep for The 2018 Midterms," 11 Oct. 2018 Their method of calculating the best schools is based on 16 measures of academic quality. Araceli Cruz, Teen Vogue, ""U.S. News" Releases 2019 College Rankings," 10 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'calculate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of calculate

1542, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for calculate

Latin calculatus, past participle of calculare, from calculus pebble (used in reckoning), perhaps irregular diminutive of calc-, calx lime — more at chalk

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Statistics for calculate

Last Updated

4 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for calculate

The first known use of calculate was in 1542

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More Definitions for calculate

calculate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of calculate

: to find (a number, answer, etc.) by using mathematical processes
: to get a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something)

calculate

verb
cal·​cu·​late | \ ˈkal-kyə-ˌlāt \
calculated; calculating

Kids Definition of calculate

1 : to find by adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing : compute calculate an average
2 : estimate entry 1 She calculated the risk.
3 : to plan by careful thought : intend Her remark was calculated to shock her listeners.

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Comments on calculate

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