calculate

verb
cal·​cu·​late | \ ˈkal-kyə-ˌlāt How to pronounce calculate (audio) \
calculated; calculating

Definition of calculate

transitive verb

1a : to determine by mathematical processes calculate the rate of acceleration
b : to reckon by exercise of practical judgment : estimate calculate the likelihood of success
c : to solve or probe the meaning of : figure out trying to calculate his expression— Hugh MacLennan
2 : to design or adapt for a purpose he carefully calculated the timing of his arrival for maximum impact
3a : to judge to be true or probable
b : intend I calculate to do it or perish in the attempt— Mark Twain

intransitive verb

1a : to make a calculation
b : to forecast consequences
2 : count, rely

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Synonyms for calculate

Synonyms

cipher, compute, figure, reckon, work out

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Examples of calculate in a Sentence

calculate the volume of a cylinder I need to calculate how long it will take me to drive to Chicago. We calculated the cost of new carpeting for the whole house. We need to calculate our chances of success before we invest more money in the business.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Associated Press journalists in Seoul must ask Koreans what year and month they were born to calculate their Western age for news stories. Hyung-jin Kim, The Seattle Times, "S. Korean babies born Dec. 31 become 2-year-olds next day," 13 Apr. 2019 To calculate your cubic yardage, start with measurements in feet and multiply the length by the width, and then multiply that number by the depth. Maggie Burch, House Beautiful, "This Is How Much An Average Concrete Project Will Cost You," 25 Jan. 2019 To ensure each layer of rocks is in the right position, the engineers designed the arm to be powered by computer vision, enabling it to calculate where each piece of gravel must go to build a stable base. Liz Stinson, Curbed, "Watch a robot build columns out of only gravel and string," 15 Oct. 2018 To calculate exactly how much water that is, follow these steps: 1. Tehrene Firman, Good Housekeeping, "How Much Water Should You Drink Every Day, According to Experts," 26 July 2018 The team calculated that the smart implant would need 4.6 microwatts of energy to power itself. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Bionic Knee Replacements Are Powered By Your Walk," 30 Jan. 2019 Because access to cities is so important in healthcare, the researchers calculated the travel time to get to every single square kilometer on earth, based on transportation options and terrain. Ken Jennings, Condé Nast Traveler, "Glasgow, Montana Is America's Most Isolated Town," 9 July 2018 Entertainment Tonight calculated the cost of Markle’s outfits from her first one-on-one meeting with the Queen to her wedding gown, which proves that designer duds add up fast. Sarah Midkiff, refinery29.com, "We've Seen $1 Million Of Meghan Markle's Royal Wardrobe," 30 June 2018 The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety calculated an 81 percent increase in single-vehicle pedestrian fatalities involving SUVs in 2009-16. Detroit Free Press, "Death on foot," 28 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'calculate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of calculate

1542, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for calculate

Latin calculatus, past participle of calculare, from calculus pebble (used in reckoning), perhaps irregular diminutive of calc-, calx lime — more at chalk

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Statistics for calculate

Last Updated

13 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for calculate

The first known use of calculate was in 1542

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More Definitions for calculate

calculate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of calculate

: to find (a number, answer, etc.) by using mathematical processes
: to get a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something)

calculate

verb
cal·​cu·​late | \ ˈkal-kyə-ˌlāt How to pronounce calculate (audio) \
calculated; calculating

Kids Definition of calculate

1 : to find by adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing : compute calculate an average
2 : estimate entry 1 She calculated the risk.
3 : to plan by careful thought : intend Her remark was calculated to shock her listeners.

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Comments on calculate

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