bridge

1 of 3

noun (1)

1
a
: a structure carrying a pathway or roadway over a depression or obstacle (such as a river)
a bridge connecting the island to the mainland
b
: a time, place, or means of connection or transition
building a bridge between the two cultures
the bridge from war to peace
2
: something resembling a bridge in form or function: such as
a
: the upper bony part of the nose
broke the bridge of his nose
also : the part of a pair of glasses that rests upon it
b
music : a piece raising the strings of a musical instrument see violin illustration
c
nautical : the forward part of a ship's superstructure (see superstructure sense 2b) from which the ship is navigated
d
railroads : gantry sense 2b
e
billiards : the hand as a rest for a cue
also : a device used as a cue rest
3
a
music : a passage linking two sections of a composition
b
dentistry : a partial denture anchored to adjacent teeth
c
chemistry : a connection (such as an atom or group of atoms) that joins two different parts of a molecule (such as opposite sides of a ring)
4
physics : an electrical instrument or network for measuring or comparing resistances (see resistance entry 1 sense 4a), inductances, capacitances, or impedances by comparing the ratio of two opposing voltages to a known ratio
bridgeless adjective

Illustration of bridge

Illustration of bridge
  • 1 beam
  • 2 truss
  • 3 arch
  • 4 suspension
  • 5 cable-stayed

bridge

2 of 3

verb

bridged; bridging

transitive verb

1
: to make a bridge (see bridge entry 1) over or across
bridging a river
bridge the divisions between the two groups
bridge the generation gap
also : to join by a bridge
2
: to provide with a bridge
small bridged streams
bridgeable adjective

bridge

3 of 3

noun (2)

card games : any of various card games for usually four players in two partnerships that bid for the right to declare a trump suit, seek to win tricks (see trick entry 1 sense 4) equal to the final bid, and play with the hand of declarer 's partner exposed and played by declarer
especially : contract bridge

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Word History

Etymology

Noun (1)

Middle English brigge, from Old English brycg; akin to Old High German brucka bridge, Old Church Slavonic brŭvŭno beam

Verb

Middle English briggen, going back to Old English brycgian, noun derivative of brycg bridge entry 1

Noun (2)

alteration of earlier biritch, of unknown origin

First Known Use

Noun (1)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun (2)

1886, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of bridge was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near bridge

Cite this Entry

“Bridge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bridge. Accessed 30 Sep. 2022.

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Kids Definition

bridge 1 of 3

noun

1
: a structure built over something (as water, a low place, or a railroad) so people can cross
2
: the place on a ship where the ship is steered
3
: something that joins or connects : something like a bridge
the bridge of the nose
a bridge between cultures

bridge

2 of 3

verb

bridged; bridging
: to make a bridge over or across
bridge a gap

bridge

3 of 3

noun

: a card game for four players in two teams

Medical Definition

bridge

noun

1
a
: the upper bony part of the nose
b
: the curved part of a pair of glasses that rests upon this part of the nose
2
a
: pons
b
: a strand of protoplasm extending between two cells
c
: a partial denture held in place by anchorage to adjacent teeth
d
: a connection (as an atom or group of atoms) that joins two different parts of a molecule (as opposite sides of a ring)
e
: an area of physical continuity between two chromatids persisting during the later phases of mitosis and constituting a possible source of somatic genetic change
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