\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Definition of midge

: a tiny dipteran fly (such as a chironomid)

Examples of midge in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The virus that causes EHD is carried by a biting gnat known as a midge and is both contagious and fatal. Gabriela Miranda, USA TODAY, 28 Oct. 2021 Calabrese noted that a day in the life of an adult midge can be very stressful. Alexis Oatman, cleveland, 14 May 2021 Unfortunately, this midge is likely to continue to be a problem through the years. oregonlive, 2 May 2021 The midge itself, however, lives as far away as the northern United States, where it and related insects are called no-see-ums, suggesting the virus could spread beyond South America. Daniel Grossman, Science | AAAS, 29 Apr. 2021 In 2007, the bluetongue virus—a disease spread by midge bites—began to sweep through herds of sheep and cattle across Europe. Popular Science, 20 May 2020 People can think that because of their small size, midges are baby mayflies. Emily Bamforth, cleveland, 19 May 2020 The riverbottom is home to huge numbers of scuds and larvae from midges, caddis, stones, and mayflies. John B. Snow, Outdoor Life, 28 Apr. 2020 Adults live only about a month, hunting flies, mosquitos, and midges. National Geographic, 28 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'midge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of midge

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for midge

Middle English migge, from Old English mycg; akin to Old High German mucka midge, Greek myia fly, Latin musca

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The first known use of midge was before the 12th century

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Cite this Entry

“Midge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/midge. Accessed 18 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for midge



English Language Learners Definition of midge

: a very small flying insect that bites people and animals


\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Kids Definition of midge

: a very small fly : gnat


\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Medical Definition of midge

: any of numerous tiny dipteran flies (especially families Ceratopogonidae, Cecidomyiidae, and Chironomidae) many of which are capable of giving painful bites and some of which are vectors or intermediate hosts of parasites of humans and various other vertebrates — see biting midge

More from Merriam-Webster on midge

Nglish: Translation of midge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about midge


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