\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Definition of midge

: a tiny dipteran fly (such as a chironomid)

Examples of midge in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Biologists have noticed a distinct diet shift, with perch foraging on invertebrates such as spiny water fleas and midge and mayfly larvae instead of emerald shiner minnows and other small fish. D'arcy Egan, cleveland.com, "Lake Erie walleye fishing ‘Golden Era’ officially returns with record catches, big hatches," 13 Sep. 2019 The disease is caused by a virus and is spread by midges, small biting insects. Paul A. Smith, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "A midge-borne disease has killed hundreds of deer in Iowa but so far Wisconsin hasn't been hit as hard," 11 Sep. 2019 The midges that spread the disease take advantage of mud flats exposed as waters recede in high water years, Long said. Paul A. Smith, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "A midge-borne disease has killed hundreds of deer in Iowa but so far Wisconsin hasn't been hit as hard," 11 Sep. 2019 But the midges in higher layers, which could see only other insects below them, lagged behind, oscillating less with the felt. Quanta Magazine, "How Swarming Insects Act Like Fluids," 10 July 2019 Right now, Clevelanders are experiencing the last of the midges, a smaller Lake Erie bug that emerged in mid-May. Mary Kilpatrick, cleveland.com, "Take note, Clevelanders. Mayflies begin to emerge from Lake Erie," 18 June 2019 As Antarctica’s largest native land animal, the Antarctic midge—a flightless insect measuring less than one centimeter long—spends around nine months of the year frozen solid. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "How Antarctica’s Only Native Insect Survives the Freezing Temperatures," 10 Sep. 2019 The garden, the pollinators exhibit points out, employs scientists working on issues of diminished monarch butterfly populations, warming climates reducing native bee populations and the work of midge flies in pollinating tropical fruits. Steve Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "Talking about the bats and the bees: Pollination is a theme this summer at Chicago Botanic Garden," 23 July 2019 Often pursuing moths, midges and mosquitoes from beneath, dragonflies succeed at catching their prey about 95% of the time. Anchorage Daily News, "The dragonfly, Alaska’s state insect, is a nimble flying machine," 20 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'midge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of midge

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for midge

Middle English migge, from Old English mycg; akin to Old High German mucka midge, Greek myia fly, Latin musca

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about midge

Statistics for midge

Last Updated

31 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for midge

The first known use of midge was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for midge


How to pronounce midge (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of midge

: a very small flying insect that bites people and animals


\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Kids Definition of midge

: a very small fly : gnat


\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Medical Definition of midge

: any of numerous tiny dipteran flies (especially families Ceratopogonidae, Cecidomyiidae, and Chironomidae) many of which are capable of giving painful bites and some of which are vectors or intermediate hosts of parasites of humans and various other vertebrates — see biting midge

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on midge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with midge

Spanish Central: Translation of midge

Nglish: Translation of midge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about midge

Comments on midge

What made you want to look up midge? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to spread as a report or rumor

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Confusing Words—A Quiz

  • alice with tweedle dee and tweedle dum
  • I invented a brand new toaster robot and ______ it "Sir Toasts-a-Lot."
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Bee Cubed

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!