ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying; arrays

Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire : adorn … he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes.— Thomas Hardy
2a : to set or place in order : draw up, marshal the forces arrayed against us
b : to set or set forth in order (something, such as a jury) for the trial of a cause
3 : to arrange or display in or as if in an array The … data are arrayed in descending order.— Ed Burnett



Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an imposing group : large number faced a whole array of problems also : variety, assortment a broad array of styles
2a : a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement : order lined up … in soldierly array— Donald Barthelme
b law : an orderly listing of jurors impaneled
b : rich or beautiful apparel : finery
4 : a body of soldiers : militia the baron and his feudal array
5a(1) : a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns
(2) : a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table
b : a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude
6 : a group of elements forming a complete unit an antenna array

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Other Words from array


arrayer noun

Examples of array in a Sentence


She arrayed herself in rich velvets and satins. a door arrayed for the holidays with a beautiful evergreen wreath


an array of solar panels an array of baseball gloves in the corner of his room
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Marie Kondo might balk at the scene, but the guitars, piano and recording equipment arrayed around the furniture spark joy for the multi-instrumentalist. Sarah Rodman,, "Hunter Hayes heads to the 'Wild Blue' on surprise new album," 16 Aug. 2019 The show addressed itself to the systemic and historical forces arrayed against the American city for generations. Eli Rosenberg, Washington Post, "David Simon called Trump a ‘race-hating fraud,’ then opened a firehose of profanity at the trolls," 29 July 2019 Sabatini proudly projected a slide with the team’s findings, showing the enzyme arrayed along the surface of the organelles called lysosomes. Quanta Magazine, "The Secret Power of the Cell’s Waste Bin," 25 Apr. 2017 The shop’s stacks are arrayed with out-of-print, rare and collectible books on art, photography, design, architecture, culinary and cinema. Lindzi Scharf,, "‘The Chi’ costume designer finds inspiration in artful places," 2 July 2019 And on September 24, 2018, while running special software designed to localize single bursts, that array caught its quarry, now known as FRB 180924. Nadia Drake, National Geographic, "Bizarre radio burst traced back to its origin in deep space," 27 June 2019 Smorgasburg’s vendors are arrayed in rows on Tingey Plaza, a sunbaked brick square that surrounds a squat, industrial World War I-era electrical substation. Washington Post, "How to survive Smorgasburg, D.C.’s hottest new foodie destination," 21 June 2019 Her house was large enough only for a bed; the rest of her belongings—a table, a wood-burning stove—were arrayed on the grass outside. Rachel Nolan, Harper's magazine, "Destined for Export," 10 June 2019 Softly was a vivid dresser and was tonight arrayed in a baronial waistcoat with fobbed pocket watch, cornflower neckerchief, and champagne bomber jacket of distressed leather. Colin Barrett, Harper's magazine, "The Alps," 22 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The parties to the conflict in Yemen are responsible for an array of human rights violations and violations of humanitarian law. Sarah El Sirgany And Tamara Qiblawi, CNN, "US, UK, France and Iran may be complicit in Yemen war crimes, UN says," 3 Sep. 2019 Look for an array of offerings at the newest location in Palo Alto, including rice and salad bowls, miso soup and chicken karaage. Jessica Yadegaran, The Mercury News, "5 incredible SF Bay Area restaurants from La Cocina kitchen incubator," 24 Aug. 2019 In fact, the president has a history of calling off plans for an array of different reasons ranging from bad deals to bad weather to being badly needed on American soil. Jennifer Hassan, Washington Post, "It’s not just Denmark. Trump has a history of canceling foreign trips," 21 Aug. 2019 But Ionis has since worked out the molecular kinks and has established itself as a leader in the antisense world, garnering numerous approvals for treatments for an array of conditions, including nusinersen. Bret Stetka, Scientific American, "Antisense Drugs for Huntington’s, ALS and Prion Diseases Could Meet the Dire Need for Brain Treatments," 15 Aug. 2019 It’s time to register for the amazing array of upcoming 2019 Girl Scouts programs at the Lake Erie Nature & Science Center in Bay Village. Linda Gandee/special To,, "Lake Erie Nature & Science Center now registering for Girl Scouts programs," 5 Aug. 2019 By a convenience standard, transit often is not a rational option for many people for a broad array of daily trips. Vincent Carroll, The Denver Post, "Carroll: One root cause of the RTD ridership slide — convenience — isn’t going anywhere," 3 Aug. 2019 The Montalbano books are known not just for their distinctive inspector but also for a colorful array of underlings and other recurring characters. Neil Genzlinger, New York Times, "Andrea Camilleri, Author of Inspector Montalbano Novels, Dies at 93," 17 July 2019 This flexibility means Boston Dynamics plans to sell and lease Spot for a wide array of tasks: everything from surveying construction sites and industrial buildings to package delivery and security applications. James Vincent, The Verge, "Boston Dynamics robots are preparing to leave the lab — is the world ready?," 17 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'array.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of array


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for array

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French arraier, from Vulgar Latin *arredare, from Latin ad- + a base of Germanic origin; akin to Goth garaiths arranged — more at ready

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Statistics for array

Last Updated

29 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for array

The first known use of array was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for array



English Language Learners Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to place (a group of things) in a particular position so that they are in order or so that they look attractive
literary : to dress (someone, especially yourself) in fine clothing
: to put (soldiers) in a place or position so that they are ready to attack



English Language Learners Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: a large group or number of things
: a group of numbers, symbols, etc., that are arranged in rows and columns
: a way of organizing pieces of information in the memory of a computer so that similar kinds of information are together


ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying

Kids Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to place in order Soldiers arrayed themselves for review. The table was arrayed with all sorts of delicacies.
2 : to dress especially in fine or beautiful clothing He was arrayed like a prince.



Kids Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an impressive group You can choose from an array of colors.
2 : a group of persons (as soldiers) in a certain order
3 : fine or beautiful clothing They were dressed in magnificent array.
4 : regular order or arrangement
5 : a group of mathematical elements (as numbers or letters) arranged in rows and columns
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \

Legal Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to set (a jury) for trial specifically : to set (a jury) by calling out the names of the jurors one at a time — compare impanel



Legal Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: the group of people summoned to serve as jurors from which the jury will be chosen also : a list of the jurors' names — see also challenge to the array at challenge — compare venire

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More from Merriam-Webster on array

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with array

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for array

Spanish Central: Translation of array

Nglish: Translation of array for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of array for Arabic Speakers

Comments on array

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miscellaneous remnants or debris

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