ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying; arrays

Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire : adorn … he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes.— Thomas Hardy
2a : to set or place in order : draw up, marshal the forces arrayed against us
b : to set or set forth in order (something, such as a jury) for the trial of a cause
3 : to arrange or display in or as if in an array The … data are arrayed in descending order.— Ed Burnett



Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an imposing group : large number faced a whole array of problems also : variety, assortment a broad array of styles
2a : a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement : order lined up … in soldierly array— Donald Barthelme
b law : an orderly listing of jurors impaneled
b : rich or beautiful apparel : finery
4 : a body of soldiers : militia the baron and his feudal array
5a(1) : a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns
(2) : a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table
b : a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude
6 : a group of elements forming a complete unit an antenna array

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Other Words from array


arrayer noun

Examples of array in a Sentence

Verb She arrayed herself in rich velvets and satins. a door arrayed for the holidays with a beautiful evergreen wreath Noun an array of solar panels an array of baseball gloves in the corner of his room
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Knight took the Scotts into a huge 3D scanning truck, where both horses would be scanned by 210 cameras arrayed in a booth so the parts could be printed out and brought together like two halves of a whole. Christie D'zurilla,, "The 7 very groovy highlights from ‘A Very Brady Renovation’," 12 Sep. 2019 The posh Whish beauty products are sleekly arrayed in the vanity drawer. Michele Parente, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Lavish casino hotel suites offer taste of the sweet life," 8 Sep. 2019 From that point, guests would take an elevator to the rooms arrayed on the outer ring, where the steady rotation would be sufficient to simulate gravity equal to one-sixth that on Earth's surface. Kate Baggaley, NBC News, "Huge space hotel promises fake gravity and 'supersized basketball'," 14 Sep. 2019 The rest of the dressing room was arrayed with the temporary comforts of the road. Jamie Lauren Keiles, Time, "'What Do People Want Me to Do? Wear Black Every Day?': How Child Star JoJo Siwa Built Her Sparkly Empire," 22 Aug. 2019 The chicken entree, a Frenched chicken breast arrayed with fingerlings and arugula, could have been roasted more to crisp the skin up. Rand Richards Cooper,, "Review: Brizo in Rocky Hill," 10 July 2019 Marie Kondo might balk at the scene, but the guitars, piano and recording equipment arrayed around the furniture spark joy for the multi-instrumentalist. Sarah Rodman,, "Hunter Hayes heads to the 'Wild Blue' on surprise new album," 16 Aug. 2019 The show addressed itself to the systemic and historical forces arrayed against the American city for generations. Eli Rosenberg, Washington Post, "David Simon called Trump a ‘race-hating fraud,’ then opened a firehose of profanity at the trolls," 29 July 2019 Sabatini proudly projected a slide with the team’s findings, showing the enzyme arrayed along the surface of the organelles called lysosomes. Quanta Magazine, "The Secret Power of the Cell’s Waste Bin," 25 Apr. 2017 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun But the two festivals seem separated by light years, not half a century, with KAABOO priding itself on offering an array of VIP amenities. San Diego Union-Tribune, "KAABOO back in the swim with second consecutive sell-out," 13 Sep. 2019 The German automaker is fond of offering an array of different variants, and of the 24 different versions of the brand icon, the Porsche 911 GT3 is the one to take most seriously. NBC News, "10 of the most powerful, expensive, exotic new cars at the Frankfurt Motor Show," 13 Sep. 2019 Sears ran into a buzz saw of competition from Walmart, which offered a wider array of merchandise, including groceries, at lower prices, as well as home-improvement stores that are popular places to shop for appliances, among other things. Jerry Fallstrom,, "Sears closure will leave one anchor store at Lake Square Mall -- ‘I hate to see it go’," 5 Sep. 2019 Annual fee: $450 Other benefits: Geared toward high-spending Marriott loyalists, the Bonvoy Brilliant offers an attractive array of benefits, both stay-related and otherwise. Eric Rosen, Condé Nast Traveler, "These 7 Hotel Credit Cards Give You Elite Status Just for Signing Up," 29 Aug. 2019 Our job is to offer a comprehensive array of services to produce an environment that can accommodate long-term recovery and recognize the change process. Steve Schering,, "Oak Park’s PCC Wellness Center receives $167,000 federal grant for mental health, substance abuse services," 19 Aug. 2019 Now Pat McGrath Labs is valued at a billion dollars and offers a vast array of products to croon over. Kirbie Johnson, Glamour, "Pat McGrath’s New Foundation Completely Transformed My Acne-Prone Skin," 29 July 2019 This array of threats in the midfield also opens up the field for Nani to net goals of his own. Julia Poe, Pro Soccer USA, "Nani praises growth of Orlando City as the captain flourishes in final stretch of season," 17 Sep. 2019 The group's warehouse offers aisles of food, rows of clothes and vast arrays of furniture free to those in need. Kathleen Toner, CNN, "She started helping Detroit's impoverished community in her house. Now, her nonprofit has reached 250,000 people.," 12 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'array.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of array


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for array

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French arraier, from Vulgar Latin *arredare, from Latin ad- + a base of Germanic origin; akin to Goth garaiths arranged — more at ready

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Statistics for array

Last Updated

24 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for array

The first known use of array was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for array


How to pronounce array (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to place (a group of things) in a particular position so that they are in order or so that they look attractive
literary : to dress (someone, especially yourself) in fine clothing
: to put (soldiers) in a place or position so that they are ready to attack



English Language Learners Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: a large group or number of things
: a group of numbers, symbols, etc., that are arranged in rows and columns
: a way of organizing pieces of information in the memory of a computer so that similar kinds of information are together


ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying

Kids Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to place in order Soldiers arrayed themselves for review. The table was arrayed with all sorts of delicacies.
2 : to dress especially in fine or beautiful clothing He was arrayed like a prince.



Kids Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an impressive group You can choose from an array of colors.
2 : a group of persons (as soldiers) in a certain order
3 : fine or beautiful clothing They were dressed in magnificent array.
4 : regular order or arrangement
5 : a group of mathematical elements (as numbers or letters) arranged in rows and columns
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \

Legal Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to set (a jury) for trial specifically : to set (a jury) by calling out the names of the jurors one at a time — compare impanel



Legal Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: the group of people summoned to serve as jurors from which the jury will be chosen also : a list of the jurors' names — see also challenge to the array at challenge — compare venire

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More from Merriam-Webster on array

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for array

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with array

Spanish Central: Translation of array

Nglish: Translation of array for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of array for Arabic Speakers

Comments on array

What made you want to look up array? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


meddlesome, informal, or unofficial

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