abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Definition of abrasion

1a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

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Synonyms for abrasion


bruise, graze, scrape

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Examples of abrasion in a Sentence

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions

Recent Examples on the Web

In other cases, temperature changes resulted in the expansion and contraction of wires over time, moving the wires and resulting in their abrasion or exposure. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "After seven roof fires, Walmart sues Tesla over solar panel flaws," 21 Aug. 2019 A month later, an undocumented man said that Bowen had dragged him around by his handcuffs, causing painful abrasions to his wrists. A.c. Thompson, ProPublica, "“Dirtbag,” “Savages,” “Subhuman”: A Border Agent’s Hateful Career and the Crime That Finally Ended It," 16 Aug. 2019 With abrasions on his hind legs from his run-in with War of Will, Maximum Security didn't go the Preakness either. Mark Inabinett | Minabinett@al.com, al.com, "Belmont Stakes 2019: No Triple Crown at stake, but Kentucky Derby still looms large," 7 June 2019 The animal hospital also sees laceration and abrasion injuries from hikes that are too long, such as 14ers. Summit Daily, The Know, "Dogs have a ruff time at altitude, too," 6 Aug. 2019 The 5/8-inch diameter hose will deliver over 500 gallons per hour and is safe to use with hot water up to 160°. The hybrid polymer material stays flexible down to -40° and is kink, abrasion, oil, and chemical resistant. Bradley Ford, Popular Mechanics, "The Best Garden Hoses for More Than Just Your Garden," 16 July 2019 At the time of his death, Malachi’s head, scalp, face, neck, arms, chest, abdomen and back were covered in new and healing bruises, lacerations and abrasions, the release stated. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, "Stepfather sentenced for beating death of 5-year-old stepson in Adams County," 1 July 2019 There were lacerations and abrasions to White’s head and face, as well as a skull fracture and injury to the brain. Harriet Sokmensuer, PEOPLE.com, "4 Teens Killed Dad by Throwing Rocks From Highway Overpass — and They’ll Be Sentenced as Adults," 25 July 2019 His injuries included a laceration on his liver, multiple rib fractures, abrasions, bruising and scars. Ann Zaniewski, Detroit Free Press, "Court filings detail lives of boy 3, and slain girl, 5, at Redford motel," 10 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abrasion

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrasion

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

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Statistics for abrasion

Last Updated

2 Sep 2019

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Time Traveler for abrasion

The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

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More Definitions for abrasion



English Language Learners Definition of abrasion

: an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin
: the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping


abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Medical Definition of abrasion

1 : wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2a : the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane also : a place so abraded
b : the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

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Comments on abrasion

What made you want to look up abrasion? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to spread over or through

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