Synonyms & Antonyms of citizen

1 a person who owes allegiance to a government and is protected by it
  • conscientious citizens who regard voting as a duty as well as a right

Synonyms for citizen

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2 a person who lives in a town on a permanent basis
  • claimed that the good citizens of the town were sick of high property taxes

Synonyms for citizen

Words Related to citizen

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Antonyms for citizen

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Frequently Asked Questions About citizen

How is the word citizen distinct from other similar nouns?

The words national and subject are common synonyms of citizen. While all three words mean "a person owing allegiance to and entitled to the protection of a sovereign state," citizen is preferred for one owing allegiance to a state in which sovereign power is retained by the people and sharing in the political rights of those people.

the rights of a free citizen

Where would national be a reasonable alternative to citizen?

Although the words national and citizen have much in common, national designates one who may claim the protection of a state and applies especially to one living or traveling outside that state.

American nationals working in the Middle East

When could subject be used to replace citizen?

The meanings of subject and citizen largely overlap; however, subject implies allegiance to a personal sovereign such as a monarch.

the king's subjects

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Time Traveler for citizen

Time Traveler

The first known use of citizen was in the 14th century

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Cite this Entry

“Citizen.” Thesaurus, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 27 Oct. 2021.

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More from Merriam-Webster on citizen

Nglish: Translation of citizen for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of citizen for Arabic Speakers


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