Essential Meaning of citizen
1 : a person who legally belongs to a country and has the rights and protection of that country She was a United States citizen but lived most of her life abroad. a group of Japanese citizens I've been treated like a second-class citizen. [=someone who is not given the same rights as other people]
2 : a person who lives in a particular place the citizens of Boston
Full Definition of citizen
1 : an inhabitant of a city or town especially : one entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman
2a : a member of a state
b : a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a government and is entitled to protection from it She was an American citizen but lived most of her life abroad.
3 : a civilian as distinguished from a specialized servant of the state Soldiers were sent to protect the citizens.
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