citizen

noun
cit·i·zen | \ˈsi-tə-zən also -sən \

Definition of citizen 

1 : an inhabitant of a city or town especially : one entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman

2a : a member of a state

b : a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a government and is entitled to protection from it She was an American citizen but lived most of her life abroad.

3 : a civilian as distinguished from a specialized servant of the state Soldiers were sent to protect the citizens.

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Other Words from citizen

citizenly \-zən-lē also -sən- \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for citizen

Synonyms

burgher, townie (or towny), townsman, villager

Antonyms

noncitizen

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Choose the Right Synonym for citizen

citizen, subject, national mean a person owing allegiance to and entitled to the protection of a sovereign state. citizen is preferred for one owing allegiance to a state in which sovereign power is retained by the people and sharing in the political rights of those people. the rights of a free citizen subject implies allegiance to a personal sovereign such as a monarch. the king's subjects national designates one who may claim the protection of a state and applies especially to one living or traveling outside that state. American nationals working in the Middle East

Examples of citizen in a Sentence

She was a United States citizen but lived most of her life abroad. a group of Japanese citizens

Recent Examples on the Web

However, some Iranian citizens and even some in power don’t appear to agree with Taraghi’s point of view. Iman Hariri-kia, Teen Vogue, "How Social Media in Iran Is Used as a Tool for Protest," 11 July 2018 Gilead wants all of its citizens to be deeply religious, sure, but not at the expense of women’s intellectual subjugation and powerlessness. Emma Dibdin, Harper's BAZAAR, "The Handmaid's Tale Season 2 Finale Offers a Light in the Darkness," 11 July 2018 Common is also the creator of Common Ground Foundation, a non-profit that seeks to empower underprivileged youth to be strong citizens of the world. Dave Brooks, Billboard, "Common Signs With UTA," 10 July 2018 Elites, on the other hand, seek social honor by presenting themselves as citizens of the world. Joan C. Williams, WSJ, "The Elites Feed Anti-Immigrant Bias," 9 July 2018 That’s because Italy keeps a pretty close watch on citizens, requiring them to register with their town of residence each year. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Study Suggests There’s No Limit on Longevity, But Getting Super Old Is Still Tough," 29 June 2018 One woman, a citizen of the Democratic Republic of Congo, fled religious persecution and sought asylum legally at the San Ysidro Port of Entry with her 6-year-old daughter, the ACLU said. Kristina Davis, latimes.com, "California federal judge orders separated children reunited with parents within 30 days," 27 June 2018 Iran's ban of encrypted messaging app Telegram has had a serious, layered impact on the country's citizens. Brian Barrett, WIRED, "Security News This Week: Carriers Stop Selling Location Data in a Rare Privacy Win," 23 June 2018 The fact that the UK already offers its citizens some core data protections gives the ICO's investigation teeth. Issie Lapowsky, WIRED, "UK Regulators May Fine Facebook Over Cambridge Analytica," 10 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'citizen.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of citizen

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for citizen

Middle English citizein, from Anglo-French citezein, alteration of citeien, from cité city

Anglo-French citezein, alteration of Old French citeien, from cité city

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Phrases Related to citizen

second-class citizen

Statistics for citizen

Last Updated

17 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for citizen

The first known use of citizen was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for citizen

citizen

noun

English Language Learners Definition of citizen

: a person who legally belongs to a country and has the rights and protection of that country

: a person who lives in a particular place

citizen

noun
cit·i·zen | \ˈsi-tə-zən \

Kids Definition of citizen

1 : a person who lives in a particular place the citizens of Boston

2 : a person who legally belongs to, gives allegiance to, and has the rights and protections of a country

citizen

noun
cit·i·zen

Legal Definition of citizen 

1 : a native or naturalized individual who owes allegiance to a government (as of a state or nation) and is entitled to the enjoyment of governmental protection and to the exercise of civil rights — see also Scott v. Sandford — compare resident

Note: Under the Fourteenth Amendment, “all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.” A person born outside of the U.S. to parents who were born or naturalized in the U.S. is also a citizen of the U.S. A corporation is not considered a citizen for purposes of the privileges and immunities clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. A corporation is, however, deemed a citizen of the state in which it is incorporated or has its principal place of business for purposes of diversity jurisdiction.

2 : a resident of a town or state who is also a U.S. native or was naturalized in the U.S.

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More from Merriam-Webster on citizen

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for citizen

Spanish Central: Translation of citizen

Nglish: Translation of citizen for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of citizen for Arabic Speakers

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