vig·​or·​ous ˈvi-g(ə-)rəs How to pronounce vigorous (audio)
: done with vigor : carried out forcefully and energetically
vigorous exercises
: possessing vigor : full of physical or mental strength or active force : strong
a vigorous youth
a vigorous plant
vigorousness noun
Choose the Right Synonym for vigorous

vigorous, energetic, strenuous, lusty, nervous mean having or showing great vitality and force.

vigorous further implies showing no signs of depletion or diminishing of freshness or robustness.

as vigorous as a youth half his age

energetic suggests a capacity for intense activity.

an energetic campaigner

strenuous suggests a preference for coping with the arduous or the challenging.

the strenuous life on an oil rig

lusty implies exuberant energy and capacity for enjoyment.

a lusty appetite for life

nervous suggests especially the forcibleness and sustained effectiveness resulting from mental vigor.

full of nervous energy

Examples of vigorous in a Sentence

She remained vigorous into her nineties. His speech was met with vigorous applause. She gave a vigorous defense of her beliefs.
Recent Examples on the Web All the more so because Biden is not Trump, whose vigorous projection at his speeches tends to mask their absurdity, incoherence, and flagrant incorrectness. Susan B. Glasser, The New Yorker, 12 July 2024 Winkler’s coworkers at a cybersecurity company in Washington greeted him with vigorous handshakes and congratulations. Edward Lee, Baltimore Sun, 11 July 2024 Ironically, many of those warning about fascism are the very sort of vigorous critics who prosper in our free and open (non-fascist) press, and who will help make sure this prediction never comes true. Kendra Stanton Lee, Newsweek, 9 July 2024 This will require both great leadership and vigorous grass-roots organizing. Washington Post, 3 July 2024 See all Example Sentences for vigorous 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'vigorous.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


Middle English vigorous, vigrous, from Anglo-French, from vigour

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of vigorous was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near vigorous

Cite this Entry

“Vigorous.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 23 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition


vig·​or·​ous ˈvig-(ə-)rəs How to pronounce vigorous (audio)
: having vigor : robust
vigorous youth
a vigorous plant
: done with force and energy
a vigorous protest
vigorously adverb
vigorousness noun

More from Merriam-Webster on vigorous

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