vig·​or·​ous | \ ˈvi-g(ə-)rəs How to pronounce vigorous (audio) \

Definition of vigorous

1 : done with vigor : carried out forcefully and energetically vigorous exercises
2 : possessing vigor : full of physical or mental strength or active force : strong a vigorous youth a vigorous plant

Other Words from vigorous

vigorousness noun

Choose the Right Synonym for vigorous

vigorous, energetic, strenuous, lusty, nervous mean having or showing great vitality and force. vigorous further implies showing no signs of depletion or diminishing of freshness or robustness. as vigorous as a youth half his age energetic suggests a capacity for intense activity. an energetic campaigner strenuous suggests a preference for coping with the arduous or the challenging. the strenuous life on an oil rig lusty implies exuberant energy and capacity for enjoyment. a lusty appetite for life nervous suggests especially the forcibleness and sustained effectiveness resulting from mental vigor. full of nervous energy

Examples of vigorous in a Sentence

She remained vigorous into her nineties. His speech was met with vigorous applause. She gave a vigorous defense of her beliefs.
Recent Examples on the Web But the question of the relative contribution of luck—compared with more explicit causes—has generated vigorous debate for years. Viviane Callier, Scientific American, 26 Apr. 2022 The defense is promising a vigorous debate about the judge’s willingness to strike the previously screened jurors before giving the defense a chance to research and present its position. Rafael Olmeda, Sun Sentinel, 25 Apr. 2022 In addition to a vigorous response from the American government, there is a role for the American people in defending against another likely assault from Russia. Frida Ghitis, CNN, 14 Apr. 2022 Because presidents have more control over foreign affairs than domestic affairs, there should be vigorous debate. John Dickerson, CBS News, 27 Feb. 2022 Surging wages could mean that companies will lift prices to cover their rising labor costs, exacerbating inflation and forcing a more vigorous central bank response. New York Times, 4 Feb. 2022 In Lubbock, the proposal drew a vigorous response when advocates started pushing for it last year. Washington Post, 5 May 2021 Similar assaults across the Amazon basin sparked a vigorous and prolonged social movement that resulted in Brazil adopting a progressive new constitution in 1988. Carolina Schneider Comandulli, Scientific American, 23 Apr. 2022 Mannered a cappella vocals give way to boogies, then loop back through vigorous bass and percussion while picking up mathematical keys and studio trickery. Spin Staff, SPIN, 22 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'vigorous.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of vigorous

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for vigorous

Middle English vigorous, vigrous, from Anglo-French, from vigour

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The first known use of vigorous was in the 14th century

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Last Updated

7 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Vigorous.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 19 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for vigorous


vig·​or·​ous | \ ˈvi-gə-rəs How to pronounce vigorous (audio) \

Kids Definition of vigorous

1 : very healthy and strong a vigorous plant
2 : done with force and energy vigorous exercise

Other Words from vigorous

vigorously adverb I shook it vigorously.

More from Merriam-Webster on vigorous

Nglish: Translation of vigorous for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of vigorous for Arabic Speakers


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