dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈna-mik \

Definition of dynamic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : marked by usually continuous and productive activity or change a dynamic city
b : energetic, forceful a dynamic personality

2 or less commonly dynamical \ -​mi-​kəl \

a : of or relating to physical force or energy
b : of or relating to dynamics (see dynamics)
3 of random-access memory : requiring periodic table refreshment of charge in order to retain data



Definition of dynamic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a dynamic force (see dynamic entry 1)
2 : dynamics sense 2 also : an underlying cause of change or growth

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Other Words from dynamic


dynamically \ -​mi-​k(ə-​)lē \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for dynamic

Synonyms: Adjective

energetic, flush, gingery, lusty, peppy, red-blooded, robust, vigorous, vital

Antonyms: Adjective

dull, lethargic, listless, sluggish, torpid

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Examples of dynamic in a Sentence


… tournament blackjack is more dynamic, and more complex, than simply playing against the house. — Michael Kaplan, Cigar Aficionado, December 2002 Indeed, one of the most dynamic influences on family life and society in the last century was the extension of concepts to individual worth and human rights. — Perdita Huston, Ms., December 2001/January 2002 The new dynamic duo have little in common but a bright orange ball. — Stephen Rodrick, ESPN, 3 Apr. 2000 an exciting and dynamic performance the dynamic theory of heat


… the high-tech world is, at heart, a cruel, unforgiving place ruled by the merciless dynamics of the marketplace. — Michiko Kakutani, New York Times, 27 June 2002 … my memory of specific events is sketchy, but the general emotional flavor is engraved on my mind as a classic example of my family's bent dynamic. — Florence King, National Review, 15 Oct. 2001 … the Cambrian Explosion, created the evolutionary dynamic that produced most of the species that subsequently populated the earth, from insects and fish to dinosaurs and humans. — J. Madeleine Nash, Time, 20 Aug. 2001 Raisons d'état, not the dynamics of capitalism, created the American thrust for world influence. — Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Cycles of American History, 1986 the dynamic between a doctor and a patient Group dynamics are important to consider. The dynamics of this class are different from those of other classes. Disease was a central dynamic in the decrease in population. a study on famine and population dynamics
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

December’s swings have put emerging-market stocks on track to outperform U.S. equities for the second month in a row, a dynamic that stands out in a rough year for shares in the developing world. Saumya Vaishampayan, WSJ, "U.S. Stocks Make Emerging Markets Look Placid," 31 Dec. 2018 And this dynamic might just be what keeps Schumer in his perch, at least for the foreseeable future. Li Zhou, Vox, "The emerging liberal blowback against Chuck Schumer, explained," 29 Nov. 2018 Crazy Rich Asians changes the dynamic largely by fleshing out the characters, and shifting the balance of power to the female lead rather than her boyfriend. Shannon Liao, The Verge, "How Crazy Rich Asians turns a traditional Asian rom-com trope into a modern statement," 18 Aug. 2018 Any number of possibilities — strike zone changes, mound height changes, alterations to the composition of the baseball — could alter the dynamic. Alex Speier, BostonGlobe.com, "What’s up with all the strikeouts in Major League Baseball?," 12 July 2018 The climax has gone out of that dynamic, but the resonance remains. Jonathan Wilson, SI.com, "England's World Cup Run, Southgate Represent More for a Nation in Political Upheaval," 12 July 2018 Even with Alkaline Trio's talented Matt Skiba filling in, the key vocal dynamic with Mark Hoppus is gone, and live, Blink is basically like a cover band of itself. Piet Levy, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Is Fleetwood Mac without Lindsey Buckingham still Fleetwood Mac?," 3 May 2018 The model, called iLand, is designed to address the changing dynamic of forests, and can be modified for use in different forest types. Kristen Pope, Discover Magazine, "Wildfire Engulfed Yellowstone 30 Years Ago. Its Recovery Could Predict The Future of the West," 12 Nov. 2018 New and unfamiliar feelings also come up as people age—a person’s sexuality, after all, is dynamic and often in flux across their lifetime. Isabelle Kohn, Harper's BAZAAR, "For the Best Sex of Your Life—Ask Old People," 17 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Comparisons between the two women were inevitable from the beginning, and many may ask why the focus is so often on the dynamic between Meghan and Kate and not the brothers. Victoria Murphy, Town & Country, "Are Kate Middleton and Meghan Markle Really Feuding?," 3 Dec. 2018 Did nothing happen that altered the fundamental dynamics between this small group of survivors? Bryan Bishop, The Verge, "The Walking Dead’s fresh start looks like a big step back," 12 Nov. 2018 By the sounds of it, the dynamic between the two Pearson gals is undergoing a major makeover — a shift that will likely continue as season three progresses. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "'This Is Us' Didn't Air Last Night, But This Clip Offers a Sneak Peek of What's Next," 7 Nov. 2018 Social media users quickly called Clinton out for her failure to recognize the power dynamic between Lewinsky and her husband. Abby Gardner, Glamour, "Hillary Clinton Says Her Husband's Affair with Monica Lewinsky Wasn't an 'Abuse of Power'," 15 Oct. 2018 The controversy erupting around the Kavanaugh nomination underlines the power of the #MeToo movement, which is predicated on the idea that the dynamics between the sexes rob women of their power. Libby Locke, WSJ, "The Attack on Kavanaugh Is Un-American," 26 Sep. 2018 This dynamic has been especially prevalent in coastal markets like New York, San Francisco, and Los Angeles, which tend to be expensive anyway. Jeff Andrews, Curbed, "Housing market signaled potential future downturn in 2018," 21 Dec. 2018 This dynamic was thrust into the spotlight recently with news that six professional drivers in the city died by suicide over a period of 12 months in 2017 and 2018, including three taxi drivers who were struggling to make ends meet. Alexia Fernández Campbell, Vox, "New York City passes nation’s first minimum pay rate for Uber and Lyft drivers," 5 Dec. 2018 That dynamic was on display in Facebook’s earnings report Tuesday, when the social network reported a slight revenue miss but stronger than expected profit for the July-September period. Barbara Ortutay, The Seattle Times, "Facebook caught in an election-security Catch-22," 30 Oct. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dynamic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of dynamic


1744, in the meaning defined at sense 2a


1868, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for dynamic

Adjective and Noun

French dynamique, from Greek dynamikos powerful, from dynamis power, from dynasthai to be able

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Statistics for dynamic

Last Updated

20 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for dynamic

The first known use of dynamic was in 1744

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More Definitions for dynamic



English Language Learners Definition of dynamic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: always active or changing

: having or showing a lot of energy

: of or relating to energy, motion, or physical force



English Language Learners Definition of dynamic (Entry 2 of 2)

: the way that two or more people behave with each other because of a particular situation

: something that causes change or growth in something else

dynamics : the science that studies motion and the forces that cause or stop motion


dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈna-mik \

Kids Definition of dynamic

: always active, energetic, or changing a dynamic city


dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈnam-ik \

Medical Definition of dynamic

1 also dynamical \ -​i-​kəl \

a : of or relating to physical force or energy
b : of or relating to dynamics
2 : functional sense 1b a dynamic disease
3a : marked by continuous usually productive activity or change a dynamic population
b : marked by energy or forcefulness a dynamic personality

Other Words from dynamic

dynamically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē \ adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on dynamic

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with dynamic

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for dynamic

Spanish Central: Translation of dynamic

Nglish: Translation of dynamic for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of dynamic for Arabic Speakers

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