\ ˈsəm-ˌəp How to pronounce sum-up (audio) \

Definition of sum-up

 (Entry 1 of 2)

sum up

summed up; summing up; sums up

Definition of sum up (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to be the sum of : bring to a total 10 victories summed up his record
2a : to present or show succinctly : summarize sum up the evidence presented
b : to assess and then describe briefly : size up

intransitive verb

: to present a summary or recapitulation

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Examples of sum-up in a Sentence


in summing up the evidence against the defendant, the district attorney presented fact after damning fact

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

On the night of the 2016 presidential election, a post responded to a Twitter hashtag asking to sum up the election in three words. Author: David Klepper, Michael Biesecker, Anchorage Daily News, "Trump seeks to link Dayton shooter to liberal politics," 8 Aug. 2019 Sometimes a famously deceptive life can be much more difficult to sum up than a life of resounding goodness. Bryan Marquard,, "I chased details about Rosie Ruiz’s life; she outdistanced me," 8 Aug. 2019 In his final public interview, Perot was asked to sum up his legacy. Michael Brendan Dougherty, National Review, "Ross Perot, a Morning Star of Trumpism," 9 July 2019 Several audio companies have been migrating over toward alternative payment models that don’t require a lump sum up front. Dani Deahl, The Verge, "Slate Digital’s new music software subscription service includes all its plug-ins and an online school," 23 June 2019 Fees are either folded into borrowers’ monthly payments or paid in a lump sum up front. Kenneth R. Harney,, "Hidden homeowner tax benefits in new budget deal can be used for 2017 taxes," 20 Feb. 2018 Phylos already has licensing agreements in place that give growers a lump sum up front for their germplasm; other agreements give growers a royalty every time one of their clones, which can be identified with their farm’s name on it, sells. Hannah Wallace, WIRED, "High Drama: A Cannabis Biotech Company Roils Small Growers," 24 July 2019 In summing up the exhibition, Dr. Foreman spoke of Victoria and Albert's influence on the role of the royal family today. Victoria Murphy, Town & Country, "Buckingham Palace's New Exhibit on Queen Victoria Highlights How She Transformed the Royal Residence," 17 July 2019 Home runs pretty much sum up everything about how baseball is played this year. Tom Verducci,, "10 Storylines Defining Baseball in 2019," 8 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sum-up.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sum-up


1894, in the meaning defined above


15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

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Dictionary Entries near sum-up


sum total



sum up



Statistics for sum-up

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Time Traveler for sum-up

The first known use of sum-up was in the 15th century

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of or relating to the heavens

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