capsule

1 of 3

noun

cap·​sule ˈkap-səl How to pronounce capsule (audio)
-(ˌ)sül,
 also  -ˌsyül
1
a
: a membrane or sac enclosing a body part (such as a knee joint or kidney)
b
: either of two layers of white matter in the cerebrum
2
: a closed receptacle containing spores or seeds: such as
a
: a dry dehiscent usually many-seeded fruit composed of two or more carpels
b
: the spore case of a moss
3
: a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (such as a drug or vitamins)
also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents
4
: an often polysaccharide envelope surrounding a microorganism
5
: an extremely brief condensation : outline, survey
capsules of history given to students
6
a
: a compact often sealed and detachable container or compartment
b
: a small pressurized compartment or vehicle (as for space flight)

capsule

2 of 3

verb

capsuled; capsuling

transitive verb

1
: to equip with or enclose in a capsule
2
: to condense into or devise in a compact form
capsuled the news

capsule

3 of 3

adjective

1
: extremely brief
a capsule biography
2
: small and very compact
a capsule submarine

Examples of capsule in a Sentence

Noun took an antibiotic capsule three times a day for a week a capsule containing all sorts of items from our era that is to be opened 100 years from now Verb newscasts that capsule complex, important stories into one-minute bits for easy digestion by viewers Adjective capsule reviews of the latest offerings at the multiplex
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
The debut capsule collection will be released in full on April 12. Michael Saponara, Billboard, 29 Mar. 2024 Nespresso benefits from a strong market share in the coffee capsule market and undeniably high brand awareness and reputation. Clara Ludmir, Forbes, 29 Mar. 2024 The crew removed a seat liner from the Russian capsule and retrofitted it into the American spacecraft so the cosmonauts could safely catch a ride with the Americans if the need arose. The Arizona Republic, 29 Mar. 2024 Shop Farm Rio’s first men’s capsule collection on farmrio.com. Kerane Marcellus, Essence, 27 Mar. 2024 In 2021, Bob’s teamed up with Los Angeles online fashion retailer Revolve on a Rolex capsule collection for the holiday. Victoria Gomelsky, Robb Report, 27 Mar. 2024 This capsule is suspended by small fibers called zonules, which are arranged like the springs that suspend a trampoline from a frame. Discover Magazine, 27 Mar. 2024 Collect fruit just as the seed capsule starts to split open. Melinda Myers, Journal Sentinel, 22 Mar. 2024 The Florida museum has 14,000 square feet of indoor exhibits and five acres of outdoor space where SEAL and SWCC boats, vehicles and even training space capsules are on display. Pam Kragen, San Diego Union-Tribune, 19 Mar. 2024
Adjective
Made from leaves of the kratom tree, which is native to southeast Asia, kratom is available in capsule form or powder that can be mixed with tea or taken on its own. Georgea Kovanis, Detroit Free Press, 26 Mar. 2024 Things To Consider An important note is that this product could take up to 12 to 72 hours to work, and similar to other pill or capsule forms needs to be taken with adequate fluids. Suzanne Finkel, Verywell Health, 25 Mar. 2024 What is sea moss good for? Sea moss is a type of seaweed that's often used as a supplement in gel, liquid, capsule or gummy forms. Hannah Yasharoff, USA TODAY, 22 Mar. 2024 Don’t Be Seduced By The Ease Of Technology In the 1990s, NASA shuttered the Apollo program, storing the rocket, capsule and lunar module plans on microfiche and two paper copies, each irreparably damaged within a short time. Ann Kowal Smith, Forbes, 26 Feb. 2024 Share secret notes of affection with cute capsule messages in a bottle, encapsulating your love in tiny, treasured scrolls. Kristi Arnold, Rolling Stone, 7 Feb. 2024 Cashew ‘Sour Cream’ 1/2 cup raw cashews 1 teaspoon lemon juice 1/2 teaspoon nutritional yeast 1/2 probiotic capsule Salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste Soak cashews overnight in 2 cups of water. Nina Lincoff, Miami Herald, 30 Jan. 2024 In December, Coach also announced a capsule collection with the star, with ‘The Lil Nas X Drop’ featuring shearling coats, biker jackets and colorful bags. Kirsty Hatcher, Peoplemag, 18 Mar. 2024 Pamela Anderson is putting a modern twist on her iconic ’90s style with her new capsule collection with Re/Done. Danielle Directo-Meston, The Hollywood Reporter, 13 Mar. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'capsule.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

French, from Latin capsula, diminutive of capsa box — more at case

First Known Use

Noun

circa 1693, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1859, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1938, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of capsule was circa 1693

Dictionary Entries Near capsule

Cite this Entry

“Capsule.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/capsule. Accessed 13 Apr. 2024.

Kids Definition

capsule

1 of 2 noun
cap·​sule ˈkap-səl How to pronounce capsule (audio)
-(ˌ)sül
1
: a surrounding cover of a bodily part (as a knee joint)
2
: a case bearing spores or seeds
3
: a shell usually of gelatin that is used for packaging something (as a drug)
also : such a shell together with its contents
4
: an envelope of carbohydrate around a microbe and especially a bacterium
5
: a small compartment with nearly normal atmospheric pressure for a pilot or astronaut
especially : spacecraft

capsule

2 of 2 adjective
: very brief
capsule movie reviews

Medical Definition

capsule

noun
1
a
: a membrane or saclike structure enclosing a part or organ
the capsule of the kidney
b
: either of two layers or laminae of white matter in the cerebrum:
(1)
: a layer that consists largely of fibers passing to and from the cerebral cortex and that lies internal to the lentiform nucleus

called also internal capsule

(2)
: one that lies between the lentiform nucleus and the claustrum

called also external capsule

2
: a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (as a drug or vitamins)
also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents
3
: a viscous or gelatinous often polysaccharide envelope surrounding certain microscopic organisms (as the pneumococcus)

More from Merriam-Webster on capsule

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