capsule

noun
cap·sule | \ˈkap-səl, -(ˌ)sül also -ˌsyül\

Definition of capsule 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1a : a membrane or sac enclosing a body part (such as a knee joint or kidney)

b : either of two layers of white matter in the cerebrum

2 : a closed receptacle containing spores or seeds: such as

a : a dry dehiscent usually many-seeded fruit composed of two or more carpels

b : the spore case of a moss

3 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (such as a drug or vitamins) also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents

4 : an often polysaccharide envelope surrounding a microorganism

5 : an extremely brief condensation : outline, survey capsules of history given to students

6a : a compact often sealed and detachable container or compartment

b : a small pressurized compartment or vehicle (as for space flight)

capsule

verb
capsuled; capsuling

Definition of capsule (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to equip with or enclose in a capsule

2 : to condense into or devise in a compact form capsuled the news

capsule

adjective

Definition of capsule (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : extremely brief a capsule biography

2 : small and very compact a capsule submarine

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Examples of capsule in a Sentence

Noun

took an antibiotic capsule three times a day for a week a capsule containing all sorts of items from our era that is to be opened 100 years from now

Verb

newscasts that capsule complex, important stories into one-minute bits for easy digestion by viewers

Adjective

capsule reviews of the latest offerings at the multiplex
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Now, it is being applied to a delightful new venture: a limited-edition capsule of Air Jordans as edited by Vogue and inspired by the woman in charge. Monica Kim, Vogue, "This Is the Ultimate Fashion Sneaker: Air Jordans, Inspired by Anna Wintour," 12 July 2018 Now, it is being applied to a delightful new venture with @jumpman23: a limited-edition capsule of Air Jordans as edited by Vogue and inspired by the woman in charge. Emilia Petrarca, The Cut, "We Regret to Inform You That Anna Wintour Is Now a Hypebeast," 12 July 2018 Every year for about two weeks, the trees release capsules of seeds bound together by cotton-like threads. Marc Daalder, Detroit Free Press, "Faux snow? Fluffy cottonwood seeds strike Michigan, clogging air filters," 11 June 2018 There, along with the boots, were 53 capsules of God knows what. Emily Sweeney, BostonGlobe.com, "Mother’s Day lilac thief caught redhanded — well, maybe purplehanded," 25 May 2018 Most patients take three capsules of Imbruvica a day, at an annual price of $148,000 — most of which is picked up by insurance. Carolyn Y. Johnson, ajc, "After outcry, drugmakers decide not to triple the price of a cancer pill," 16 May 2018 Up to six passengers can buckle in to the reclining seats inside the passenger capsule of the New Shepard rocket, which will carry them past the Karman line, the official edge of space, 62 miles up. Suzanne Rowan Kelleher, Condé Nast Traveler, "Space Tourism Could Be a Reality in 2018," 10 May 2018 Here's a capsule of the 13 flies selected by the club. Paul A. Smith, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Smith: 13 famous Wisconsin fly patterns take center stage," 21 Apr. 2018 Ten one-gram capsules of kratom cost $20, while 30 grams of powder is $34.99. Mari A. Schaefer, Philly.com, "Is kratom a safe herbal remedy or a dangerous opioid?," 20 Mar. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

A capsule summary on Tuesday for an article about the decades-long rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Qatar omitted the context in describing the population of Qatar. New York Times, "Corrections: June 15, 2017," 14 June 2017 Capsule previews of Saturday's high school championships in baseball, softball, lacrosse and track and field. Hartford Courant, courant.com, "Previewing Saturday's High School Championships," 9 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capsule.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of capsule

Noun

circa 1693, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1859, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1938, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for capsule

Noun

French, from Latin capsula, diminutive of capsa box — more at case

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Statistics for capsule

Last Updated

8 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for capsule

The first known use of capsule was circa 1693

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More Definitions for capsule

capsule

noun

English Language Learners Definition of capsule

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very small container that is filled with medicine and swallowed whole

: a small glass or plastic container that has something (such as a liquid) inside of it

: a small part of a spacecraft that is separate from the rest of the spacecraft and that is where people live and work

capsule

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of capsule (Entry 2 of 2)

: very short

capsule

noun
cap·sule | \ˈkap-səl \

Kids Definition of capsule

1 : a case enclosing the seeds or spores of a plant

2 : a small case of material that contains medicine to be swallowed

3 : a closed compartment for travel in space

capsule

noun
cap·sule | \ˈkap-səl, -(ˌ)sül \

Medical Definition of capsule 

1a : a membrane or saclike structure enclosing a part or organ the capsule of the kidney

b : either of two layers or laminae of white matter in the cerebrum:

(1) : a layer that consists largely of fibers passing to and from the cerebral cortex and that lies internal to the lentiform nucleus

called also internal capsule

(2) : one that lies between the lentiform nucleus and the claustrum

called also external capsule

2 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (as a drug or vitamins) also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents

3 : a viscous or gelatinous often polysaccharide envelope surrounding certain microscopic organisms (as the pneumococcus)

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Comments on capsule

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