capsule

noun
cap·​sule | \ˈkap-səl, -(ˌ)sül also -ˌsyül\

Definition of capsule 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1a : a membrane or sac enclosing a body part (such as a knee joint or kidney)

b : either of two layers of white matter in the cerebrum

2 : a closed receptacle containing spores or seeds: such as

a : a dry dehiscent usually many-seeded fruit composed of two or more carpels

b : the spore case of a moss

3 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (such as a drug or vitamins) also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents

4 : an often polysaccharide envelope surrounding a microorganism

5 : an extremely brief condensation : outline, survey capsules of history given to students

6a : a compact often sealed and detachable container or compartment

b : a small pressurized compartment or vehicle (as for space flight)

capsule

verb
capsuled; capsuling

Definition of capsule (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to equip with or enclose in a capsule

2 : to condense into or devise in a compact form capsuled the news

capsule

adjective

Definition of capsule (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : extremely brief a capsule biography

2 : small and very compact a capsule submarine

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Examples of capsule in a Sentence

Noun

took an antibiotic capsule three times a day for a week a capsule containing all sorts of items from our era that is to be opened 100 years from now

Verb

newscasts that capsule complex, important stories into one-minute bits for easy digestion by viewers

Adjective

capsule reviews of the latest offerings at the multiplex
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

This could take the form of capsules fixed with flight control surfaces for precision glides or steerable parachutes for more pinpoint landings. Joe Pappalardo, Popular Mechanics, "The Air Force Is Actually Considering Rocket Launches to Move Cargo Around the Globe," 29 Oct. 2018 The point of the capsules is to keep those quarantined by Apollon in their safe zone. Ariana Romero, refinery29.com, "This Is The Most Important Part Of The Rain's Ending," 8 May 2018 As part of the deal, Nestle will expand its line of single-serve capsules to include Starbucks coffee and teas. Abha Bhattarai, chicagotribune.com, "Why Nestle is spending $7 billion on Starbucks: 'Nescafe is boring'," 8 May 2018 As part of the deal, Nestle will expand its line of single-serve capsules to include Starbucks coffee and teas. The Washington Post, latimes.com, "Nestle will pay $7 billion to sell Starbucks coffee because U.S. consumers think Nescafe is 'boring'," 7 May 2018 This is SpaceX's 14th cargo delivery mission for NASA, and the second flight of this Dragon capsule. Tariq Malik, Space.com, "SpaceX Dragon Capsule Returns to Earth from Space Station," 5 May 2018 The museum also has a mockup of the cramped space capsule John Glenn orbited the Earth in three times in 1962. Brian E. Clark, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Space and bikes? They go together at this Sparta museum," 2 Mar. 2018 The maiden flight of Musk’s Dragon capsule in 2010 carried a giant wheel of cheese, which circled the Earth twice before descending from the heavens, an homage to Monty Python. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Watch the First Test Launch of SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy Rocket," 6 Feb. 2018 The Loewe x Charles Rennie Mackintosh capsule collection spans everything from suiting to handbags to woolen blankets featuring the Scottish artist’s floral designs. Steff Yotka, Vogue, "Loewe’s Jonathan Anderson Is Obsessed With Charles Rennie Mackintosh, and Soon You Will Be Too," 12 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

A capsule summary on Tuesday for an article about the decades-long rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Qatar omitted the context in describing the population of Qatar. New York Times, "Corrections: June 15, 2017," 14 June 2017 Capsule previews of Saturday's high school championships in baseball, softball, lacrosse and track and field. Hartford Courant, courant.com, "Previewing Saturday's High School Championships," 9 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capsule.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of capsule

Noun

circa 1693, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1859, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1938, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for capsule

Noun

French, from Latin capsula, diminutive of capsa box — more at case

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Statistics for capsule

Last Updated

1 Dec 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for capsule

The first known use of capsule was circa 1693

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More Definitions for capsule

capsule

noun

English Language Learners Definition of capsule

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very small container that is filled with medicine and swallowed whole

: a small glass or plastic container that has something (such as a liquid) inside of it

: a small part of a spacecraft that is separate from the rest of the spacecraft and that is where people live and work

capsule

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of capsule (Entry 2 of 2)

: very short

capsule

noun
cap·​sule | \ˈkap-səl \

Kids Definition of capsule

1 : a case enclosing the seeds or spores of a plant

2 : a small case of material that contains medicine to be swallowed

3 : a closed compartment for travel in space

capsule

noun
cap·​sule | \ˈkap-səl, -(ˌ)sül \

Medical Definition of capsule 

1a : a membrane or saclike structure enclosing a part or organ the capsule of the kidney

b : either of two layers or laminae of white matter in the cerebrum:

(1) : a layer that consists largely of fibers passing to and from the cerebral cortex and that lies internal to the lentiform nucleus

called also internal capsule

(2) : one that lies between the lentiform nucleus and the claustrum

called also external capsule

2 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (as a drug or vitamins) also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents

3 : a viscous or gelatinous often polysaccharide envelope surrounding certain microscopic organisms (as the pneumococcus)

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Comments on capsule

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