1

capsule

noun cap·sule \ ˈkap-səl , -(ˌ)sül also -ˌsyül \
Updated on: 4 Dec 2017

Definition of capsule

1 a : a membrane or sac enclosing a body part (such as a knee joint or kidney)
b : either of two layers of white matter in the cerebrum
2 : a closed receptacle containing spores or seeds: such as
a : a dry dehiscent usually many-seeded fruit composed of two or more carpels
b : the spore case of a moss
3 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (such as a drug or vitamins); also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents
4 : an often polysaccharide envelope surrounding a microorganism
5 : an extremely brief condensation : outline, survey
  • capsules of history given to students
6 a : a compact often sealed and detachable container or compartment
b : a small pressurized compartment or vehicle (as for space flight)

Examples of capsule in a Sentence

  1. took an antibiotic capsule three times a day for a week

  2. a capsule containing all sorts of items from our era that is to be opened 100 years from now

Recent Examples of capsule from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capsule.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of capsule

French, from Latin capsula, diminutive of capsa box — more at case


2

capsule

verb

Definition of capsule

capsuled; capsuling
transitive verb
1 : to equip with or enclose in a capsule
2 : to condense into or devise in a compact form
  • capsuled the news

Examples of capsule in a Sentence

  1. newscasts that capsule complex, important stories into one-minute bits for easy digestion by viewers

First Known Use of capsule

1859


3

capsule

adjective

Definition of capsule

1 : extremely brief
  • a capsule biography
2 : small and very compact
  • a capsule submarine

Examples of capsule in a Sentence

  1. capsule reviews of the latest offerings at the multiplex

Recent Examples of capsule from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capsule.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of capsule

1938


CAPSULE Defined for English Language Learners

capsule

noun

Definition of capsule for English Language Learners

  • : a very small container that is filled with medicine and swallowed whole

  • : a small glass or plastic container that has something (such as a liquid) inside of it

  • : a small part of a spacecraft that is separate from the rest of the spacecraft and that is where people live and work


capsule

adjective

Definition of capsule for English Language Learners

  • : very short


CAPSULE Defined for Kids

capsule

noun cap·sule \ ˈkap-səl \

Definition of capsule for Students

1 : a case enclosing the seeds or spores of a plant
2 : a small case of material that contains medicine to be swallowed
3 : a closed compartment for travel in space

Medical Dictionary

capsule

noun cap·sule \ ˈkap-səl, -(ˌ)sül \

medical Definition of capsule

1 a : a membrane or saclike structure enclosing a part or organ
  • the capsule of the kidney
b : either of two layers or laminae of white matter in the cerebrum:
(1) : a layer that consists largely of fibers passing to and from the cerebral cortex and that lies internal to the lentiform nucleus called also internal capsule
(2) : one that lies between the lentiform nucleus and the claustrum called also external capsule
2 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (as a drug or vitamins); also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents
3 : a viscous or gelatinous often polysaccharide envelope surrounding certain microscopic organisms (as the pneumococcus)

Illustration of capsule



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