\ ˈsləmp How to pronounce slump (audio) \
slumped; slumping; slumps

Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to fall or sink suddenly
b : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse
2 : to assume a drooping posture or carriage : slouch
3 : to go into a slump sales slumped



Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a marked or sustained decline especially in economic activity or prices
b : a period of poor or losing play by a team or individual
2 : a downward slide of a mass of rock or land

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Synonyms & Antonyms for slump

Synonyms: Noun

depression, recession

Antonyms: Noun


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Examples of slump in a Sentence


She fainted and slumped to the floor. Exhausted, he slumped down into the chair. His shoulders slumped forward in disappointment. Real estate prices slumped during the recession.


The economy's been in a slump since last year. They've been in a slump ever since they traded their best player. He's in a batting slump.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Growth has slumped because of a sharp loss in momentum across the service sector. Anneken Tappe, CNN, "America's manufacturing sector shrank for the first time in nearly a decade," 22 Aug. 2019 Border apprehensions have slumped more than 40% since May, a major drop officials have attributed to increased enforcement in Mexico, but officials worry about a resurgence in the fall., "Trump administration moves to terminate court agreement, hold migrant children and parents longer," 21 Aug. 2019 Barometers of housing and manufacturing have slumped. Washington Post, "Execs starting to worry about tariffs’ effects on consumers," 20 Aug. 2019 Sales of German cars have slumped as Chinese buyers pull back. Jack Ewing, New York Times, "Germany Has Powered Europe’s Economy. What Happens When Its Engine Stalls?," 16 Aug. 2019 In fact, the club’s big boppers have slumped offensively by every measure. Jeff Faraudo, The Mercury News, "Takeaways: Oakland A’s pitchers, sluggers hit slump at same time in loss to Texas Rangers," 26 July 2019 The Beverage Information Group reports beer sales have slumped for five years in a row. Laura Reiley, The Denver Post, "Millennials have sparked a sober revolution, and alcohol brands are starting to notice," 27 June 2019 The company has slumped more than 16 percent since China’s announcement. Chris Martin,, "China's Solar Cutback Wiping Out Trump Bump for First Solar," 6 June 2018 But Activision Blizzard warned a slumping global economy and a changing retail landscape are threatening its business. Shannon Liao, CNN, "Activision Blizzard offers a grim warning for the future," 9 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Desmond, breaking out of a monthlong slump, had a big night, finishing a triple short of the cycle. Patrick Saunders, The Denver Post, "Rockies switch things up, still lose to Pirates as slide continues," 30 Aug. 2019 As markets gyrate, talk in the press (including this very column) turns to the risk of a slump. The Economist, "The onset of a downturn is as much a matter of mood as of money," 20 Aug. 2019 Ramirez has worked himself out of a slump that lasted from August of last season through the American League Division Series with the Houston Astros and well into June of this season., "Jose Ramirez’s swing is back at right time for Cleveland Indians: Crowquill," 18 Aug. 2019 Everyone is focusing on the Dodger bullpen, but one other important area has been in a bit of a slump since the All-Star break: The defense. Los Angeles Times, "Dodgers Dugout: A closer look at the fielding issues," 23 July 2019 Infielder Harold Castro — who has started the second half hot — recorded his first-ever four-hit game, Niko Goodrum snapped out of a slump with four hits of his own and the entire starting lineu contributed. Anthony Fenech, Detroit Free Press, "Detroit Tigers' bats break through to avoid series sweep against Royals," 14 July 2019 During his interview with CNN, Hassett dismissed talk of a slump and pointed to a formal statistical model that currently estimates the risk of a recession to be less than three per cent. John Cassidy, The New Yorker, "Trump’s Top Economist Makes a Timely Exit," 4 June 2019 Thailand’s government announced a $10bn stimulus package to spur growth in the economy, which has been hit by a surging currency, leading to a slump in exports. The Economist, "Business this week," 22 Aug. 2019 Khris Davis busted out of a deep slump Wednesday night in the second inning with a two-run oppo-jack into the seats just inside the right-field foul line. Scott Ostler,, "New pitcher Puk and old ballpark give A’s big advantage," 21 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'slump.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of slump


circa 1677, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1887, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for slump


probably imitative

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Statistics for slump

Last Updated

27 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for slump

The first known use of slump was circa 1677

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More Definitions for slump



English Language Learners Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to sit or fall down suddenly and heavily
: to move down or forward suddenly
: to decrease suddenly and by a large amount



English Language Learners Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden decrease in prices, value, amount, etc.
: a period of time when an economy is doing poorly
US, sports : a period of time when a team or player is doing poorly


\ ˈsləmp How to pronounce slump (audio) \
slumped; slumping

Kids Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse The tired woman slumped into a chair.
2 : slouch entry 2 Don't slump when you walk.
3 : to drop sharply Sales slumped.



Kids Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a big or continued drop especially in prices, business, or performance

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More from Merriam-Webster on slump

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with slump

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for slump

Spanish Central: Translation of slump

Nglish: Translation of slump for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of slump for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about slump

Comments on slump

What made you want to look up slump? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


miscellaneous remnants or debris

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