shut

verb
\ ˈshət How to pronounce shut (audio) \
shut; shutting

Definition of shut

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to move into position to close an opening shut the lid
b : to prevent entrance to or passage to or from
2 : to confine by or as if by enclosure shut herself in her study
3 : to fasten with a lock or bolt
4 : to close by bringing enclosing or covering parts together shut the eyes
5 : to cause to cease or suspend an operation or activity often used with down

intransitive verb

1 : to close itself or become closed flowers that shut at night
2 : to cease or suspend an operation or activity often used with down

shut

adjective

Definition of shut (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : closed, fastened, or folded together
2 : rid, clear, free usually used with of

shut

noun

Definition of shut (Entry 3 of 3)

: the act of shutting

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Synonyms & Antonyms for shut

Synonyms: Verb

close, make [chiefly dialect], steek [chiefly Scottish]

Antonyms: Verb

open

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Examples of shut in a Sentence

Verb

He shut his eyes and went to sleep. She shut the book loudly. I accidentally shut the door on her fingers. flowers that shut at night The door shut slowly behind me. The owner is shutting the pub for the weekend. They plan to shut the factory by the end of the year.

Adjective

She listened to the music with her eyes shut. Check to make sure that all the windows are shut.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Daily life was disrupted in the week and most offices, colleges, and schools were shut on Sept. 05 and on Sept. 04. Sangeeta Tanwar, Quartz India, "Incredible scenes from India’s financial capital that’s drowning in rainwater—yet again," 5 Sep. 2019 To keep the rise in global temperatures to no more than 1.5°C relative to pre-industrial times, climatologists insist that almost all coal plants must shut by 2050, which means starting to act now. The Economist, "Asian governments are the biggest backers of the filthiest fuel," 22 Aug. 2019 During its three seasons on Hulu, The Handmaid’s Tale has depicted all kinds of grim visuals: ritualized hangings, feet flayed with steel cables, women whose mouths have been bolted shut. Sophie Gilbert, The Atlantic, "When Women Are Accused of Complicity," 17 Aug. 2019 The female officer tries to shut the car door, however the girl sticks out her leg preventing that from happening. Breanna Edwards, Essence, "Viral Video Shows Michigan Police Officer Punching Handcuffed Teen Girl," 18 June 2019 Detroit-Hamtramck is the only one continuing to operate, but GM plans to shut it down in January. Phoebe Wall Howard, Detroit Free Press, "Emotional autoworkers cross striking janitors' picket lines in Flint," 15 Sep. 2019 Peacock made three appearances, all while experiencing similar pain, before the decision was made to shut him down. Chandler Rome, Houston Chronicle, "Astros' Brad Peacock making progress after dealing with nerve issues in his neck," 13 Sep. 2019 Thus, Nintendo has focused its legal efforts in the US on individual piracy websites, using cease-and-desist letters, lawsuits, and the mere chilling effect of the same to shut them down at the web host level. Kyle Orland, Ars Technica, "Nintendo gets UK ISPs to block Switch piracy sites," 10 Sep. 2019 Wunderlist's sunsetting is hardly the first time a giant tech company has purchased a smaller company, stripped it for parts, or just decided to simply shut it down. Alyssa Newcomb, Fortune, "Microsoft Releases New To-Do App to Replace Wunderlist—Days After Its Founder Offered to Buy It Back," 9 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association recommended bond trading close at 2 p.m. ET and remain shut Wednesday, while U.S. stock trading ended at 1 p.m. ET. Akane Otani, WSJ, "Treasurys Strengthen Ahead of July 4 Holiday," 3 July 2018 Many restaurants remain shut during daylight hours. Kamakshi Ayyar, Time, "Your Complete Guide to Ramadan, Including the Proper Greeting and When It Starts," 15 May 2018 Rachel Lindsay took full advantage of the Fantasy Suite on The Bachelor … to catch up on some shut eye. Stephanie Petit, PEOPLE.com, "Rachel Lindsay Didn't Have Sex with Nick Viall in the Fantasy Suite ... Because of Donald Trump," 7 Feb. 2018 Schools remained shut and two former chief ministers of the state were arrested. Niha Masih, Washington Post, "Internet, mobile blackout shuts down communication with Kashmir," 6 Aug. 2019 The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association recommended bond trading close at 2 p.m. ET and remain shut Wednesday, while U.S. stock trading ended at 1 p.m. ET. Akane Otani, WSJ, "Treasurys Strengthen Ahead of July 4 Holiday," 3 July 2018 Many restaurants remain shut during daylight hours. Kamakshi Ayyar, Time, "Your Complete Guide to Ramadan, Including the Proper Greeting and When It Starts," 15 May 2018 Many buildings remain shut or under reconstruction, especially in the Roma and La Condesa neighborhoods. Christopher Reynolds, latimes.com, "Savor Puebla, a Mexican gem known for its food and sense of style," 18 Mar. 2018 Rachel Lindsay took full advantage of the Fantasy Suite on The Bachelor … to catch up on some shut eye. Stephanie Petit, PEOPLE.com, "Rachel Lindsay Didn't Have Sex with Nick Viall in the Fantasy Suite ... Because of Donald Trump," 7 Feb. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Public meetings of more than four people are banned, and schools and colleges remain shut. Niha Masih, Washington Post, "‘Pushed to the wall’: Protests erupt in Kashmir over Indian move to end autonomy," 10 Aug. 2019 One’s tongue lolls out; the other’s mouth is zippered shut. oregonlive.com, "How a petty fight in a wealthy neighborhood ended with a California home covered in giant emoji," 8 Aug. 2019 Baseball’s trade window shuts Wednesday afternoon — completely, not like in years past. Ronald Blum, The Denver Post, "Arms race ahead of MLB trade window shutting Wednesday," 30 July 2019 The bird, Gonzalez admitted, was bait to lure another songbird to land on its pitfall door, which would drop the visitor into the trap and spring shut, preventing its escape. Karine Aigner, National Geographic, "Songbirds are being snatched from Miami’s forests," 25 July 2019 Sew the towel's remaining open side shut to finish it off. Amanda Garrity, Good Housekeeping, "What Is a Tea Towel, Anyway? Different Ways to Use This Not-so-Basic Kitchen Cloth," 25 July 2019 The line of people outside Detroit Animal Care and Control cheered and gasped in delight Sunday morning each time the shelter doors swung open and shut, welcoming four anxious paws at a time. Emma Keith, Detroit Free Press, "Dozens of Detroit shelter dogs get a day on the town," 30 June 2019 Just how closely the action follows her account is displayed when Dorothy reaches across the table and shuts Elizabeth’s recorder—and the movie goes silent for the rest of the scene. Richard Brody, The New Yorker, "Review: “Hustlers” Is a Lurid Crime Story with No Edge," 13 Sep. 2019 But some have been open, only to get slammed shut, a few closed from pure snakebite, and others of course from bad playing, bad coaching, or both. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Column: Chargers’ window open in 2019 NFL season; will it shut again?," 30 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'shut.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of shut

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1667, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for shut

Verb

Middle English shetten, shutten, from Old English scyttan; akin to Middle Dutch schutten to shut in, Old English scēotan to shoot — more at shoot

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Learn More about shut

Dictionary Entries near shut

shus

shush

Shuswap

shut

shut away

shutdown

shut down

Statistics for shut

Last Updated

18 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for shut

The first known use of shut was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for shut

shut

verb

English Language Learners Definition of shut

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to close (something)
: to become closed
: to stop the services or activities of (a business, school, etc.) for a period of time or forever

shut

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of shut (Entry 2 of 2)

: not open
British : not operating or open to the public

shut

verb
\ ˈshət How to pronounce shut (audio) \
shut; shutting

Kids Definition of shut

1 : to close or become closed She shut the book loudly. The door shuts by itself.
2 : to stop or cause to stop operation She shut down the computer. Shut off the TV.
3 : to confine by or as if by enclosing or by blocking the way out Guards shut the thieves in a jail cell.
4 : to close by bringing parts together Don't look! Shut your eyes!
shut out
1 : to keep (something) from entering Curtains shut out the sun.
2 : to keep (an opponent) from scoring in a game
shut up
: to stop talking

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More from Merriam-Webster on shut

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with shut

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for shut

Spanish Central: Translation of shut

Nglish: Translation of shut for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of shut for Arabic Speakers

Comments on shut

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