1

scale

noun \ ˈskāl \

Definition of scale

1 a : either pan or tray of a balance
b : a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends usually used in plural
2 : an instrument or machine for weighing

Origin and Etymology of scale

Middle English scole, scale bowl, scale of a balance, from Old Norse skāl; akin to Old Norse skel shell — more at shell


2

scale

verb

Definition of scale

scaled; scaling
transitive verb
: to weigh in scales
intransitive verb
: to have a specified weight on scales

First Known Use of scale

1691

Other Weights and Measures Terms


3

scale

noun

Definition of scale

1 a : a small, flattened, rigid, and definitely circumscribed plate forming part of the external body covering especially of a fish
b : a small thin plate suggesting a fish scale
  • scales of mica
  • the scales on a moth's wing
c : the scaly covering of a scaled animal
2 : a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin
3 : a thin coating, layer, or incrustation: such as
a : a usually black scaly coating of oxide forming on the surface of a metal (such as iron) when it is heated for processing
b : a hard incrustation usually rich in sulfate of calcium that is deposited on the inside of a vessel (such as a boiler) in which water is heated
4 a : a modified leaf protecting a seed plant bud before expansion
b : a thin, membranous, chaffy, or woody bract
5 a : any of the small overlapping usually metal pieces forming the outer surface of scale armor
6 a : scale insect
b : infestation with or disease caused by scale insects

scaled

play \ˈskāld\ adjective

scaleless

play \ˈskāl-ləs\ adjective

Origin and Etymology of scale

Middle English, from Anglo-French escale, eschale, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English scealu shell, husk — more at shell


4

scale

verb

Definition of scale

scaled; scaling
transitive verb
1 : to remove the scale or scales from (as by scraping)
  • scale a fish
2 : to take off in thin layers or scales
  • scale tartar from the teeth
3 : to throw (something, such as a thin, flat stone) so that the edge cuts the air or so that it skips on water : skim
intransitive verb
1 : to separate and come off in scales : flake
2 : to shed scales
  • scaling skin

First Known Use of scale

15th century


5

scale

verb

Definition of scale

scaled; scaling
transitive verb
1 a : to attack with or take by means of scaling ladders
  • scale a castle wall
b : to climb up or reach by means of a ladder
c : to reach the highest point of : surmount
  • scale a mountain
2 a : to arrange in a graduated series
b (1) : to measure by or as if by a scale
(2) : to measure or estimate the sound content of (logs, standing timber, etc.)
c : to pattern, make, regulate, set, or estimate according to some rate or standard : adjust
  • a production schedule scaled to actual need
often used with back, down, or up
  • scale down imports
intransitive verb
1 : to climb by or as if by a ladder
2 : to rise in a graduated series
3 : measure

Origin and Etymology of scale

Middle English, from 6scale


6

scale

noun

Definition of scale

1 a obsolete : ladder
b archaic : a means of ascent
2 : a graduated series of musical tones ascending or descending in order of pitch according to a specified scheme of their intervals
3 : something graduated especially when used as a measure or rule: such as
a : a series of marks or points at known intervals used to measure distances (such as the height of the mercury in a thermometer)
b : an indication of the relationship between the distances on a map and the corresponding actual distances
c : ruler 3
4 a : a graduated series or scheme of rank or order
  • a scale of taxation
b : minimum wage 2
5 a : a proportion between two sets of dimensions (as between those of a drawing and its original)
b : a distinctive relative size, extent, or degree
  • projects done on a large scale
6 : a graded series of tests or of performances used in rating individual intelligence or achievement

scale

adjective
to scale
: according to the proportions of an established scale of measurement
  • floor plans drawn to scale

Origin and Etymology of scale

Middle English, from Late Latin scala ladder, staircase, from Latin scalae, plural, stairs, rungs, ladder; akin to Latin scandere to climb — more at scan

Other Weights and Measures Terms


7

scale

noun

Definition of scale

1 obsolete : escalade
2 : an estimate of the amount of sound lumber in logs or standing timber

Origin and Etymology of scale



SCALE Defined for Kids

1

scale

noun \ ˈskāl \

Definition of scale for Students

1 : either pan of a balance or the balance itself
2 : a device for weighing

2

scale

noun

Definition of scale for Students

1 : one of the small stiff plates that cover much of the body of some animals (as fish and snakes)
2 : a thin layer or part suggesting a fish scale
  • the scales on a butterfly's wing

scaled

\ˈskāld\ adjective

scaleless

\ˈskāl-ləs\ adjective
  • a scaleless fish

3

scale

verb

Definition of scale for Students

scaled; scaling
1 : to remove the scales of
  • They scaled the fish.
2 : 2flake
  • My dry skin was scaling.

4

scale

verb

Definition of scale for Students

scaled; scaling
1 : to climb by or as if by a ladder
  • Climbers scaled the cliff.
2 : to regulate or set according to a standard often used with down or up
  • I scaled down my plan.

5

scale

noun

Definition of scale for Students

1 : a series of musical tones going up or down in pitch in fixed steps
2 : a series of spaces marked off by lines and used for measuring distances or amounts
  • a thermometer's scale
3 : a series of like things arranged in order (as according to size or degree)
  • a color scale
4 : the size of a picture, plan, or model of a thing compared to the size of the thing itself
  • The scale of the model is {frac1/35}.
5 : a standard for measuring or judging
  • On a scale of one to ten, I give it an eight.
6 : the size or extent of something especially in comparison to something else They throw parties on a large scale.

Medical Dictionary

1

scale

noun \ ˈskā(ə)l \

medical Definition of scale

1 a : either pan or tray of a balance
b : a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends usually used in plural
2 : an instrument or machine for weighing

2

scale

verb

medical Definition of scale

scaled; scaling
transitive verb
: to weigh in scales
intransitive verb
: to have a specified weight on scales

3

scale

noun

medical Definition of scale

1 : a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin
2 : a film of tartar encrusting the teeth

4

scale

verb

medical Definition of scale

scaled; scaling
transitive verb
: to take off in thin layers or scales
  • scale tartar from the teeth
intransitive verb
1 : to separate or come off in thin layers or laminae
2 : to shed scales or fragmentary surface matter : exfoliate
  • scaling skin

5

scale

noun

medical Definition of scale

1 : a series of marks or points at known intervals used to measure distances (as the height of the mercury in a thermometer)
2 : a graduated series or scheme of rank or order
3 : a graded series of tests or of performances used in rating individual intelligence or achievement

Law Dictionary

scale

noun

legal Definition of scale

: a set of graduated wage rates; also : a wage consistent with such rates — compare minimum wage


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