pro-inflammatory

adjective

pro-in·​flam·​ma·​to·​ry (ˌ)prō-in-ˈfla-mə-ˌtȯr-ē How to pronounce pro-inflammatory (audio)
variants or proinflammatory
: promoting inflammation : capable of causing inflammation
pro-inflammatory cytokines
proinflammatory effects
The findings showed a pro-inflammatory diet with sugar, high saturated fat and processed food was associated with a higher risk of depression.Martin Bagot

Examples of pro-inflammatory in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Colloidal oatmeal—oats ground, boiled, and milled into a fine powder—works to soothe itchy skin by reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines. Karen Pallarito, Health, 24 Mar. 2024 Likewise, these individuals are likely to have higher C-reactive protein levels due to having a more pro-inflammatory state. Sherri Gordon, Health, 10 Jan. 2024 These genes produce pro-inflammatory proteins that, under normal circumstances, help clear infections. William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 13 Nov. 2023 People who eat a lot of these foods tend to have a gut that is more pro-inflammatory, which may cause the gut microbiome to release molecules that influence risk for depression, Chan said. Kaitlin Sullivan, NBC News, 20 Sep. 2023 In the case of females, hormones might play a role in inflammatory status, while obesity shares a pro-inflammatory profile with long COVID, the authors write. Byerin Prater, Fortune Well, 21 Aug. 2023 Furthermore, studies have shown that CBD inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, molecules responsible for promoting inflammation. Amber Smith, Discover Magazine, 15 Aug. 2023 By inhibiting pro-inflammatory molecules and pathways, CBD can help suppress the immune system's inflammatory response, providing potential relief from inflammation. Amber Smith, Discover Magazine, 28 July 2023 For example, Cole and his colleagues found that the white blood cells of lonely people tend to turn on genes involved in making pro-inflammatory cytokines and turn off genes responsible for keeping cell proliferation in check. Connie Chang, Popular Mechanics, 13 June 2023

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'pro-inflammatory.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1962, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of pro-inflammatory was in 1962

Dictionary Entries Near pro-inflammatory

Cite this Entry

“Pro-inflammatory.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pro-inflammatory. Accessed 15 Apr. 2024.

Medical Definition

pro-inflammatory

adjective
pro-in·​flam·​ma·​to·​ry (ˈ)prō-in-ˈfla-mə-ˌtȯr-ē How to pronounce pro-inflammatory (audio)
variants or proinflammatory
: promoting inflammation : capable of causing inflammation
pro-inflammatory cytokines
… viruses also trigger pro-inflammatory responses, which remain poorly defined.Daniel A. Muruve et al., Nature
When the lesions are traumatized, or rubbed firmly, the cutaneous mast cells may release proinflammatory mediators, causing edema, erythema, and even vesicle formation.Melissa M. Burnett et al., The New England Journal of Medicine
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