perfume

noun
per·fume | \ˈpər-ˌfyüm, (ˌ)pər-ˈfyüm \

Definition of perfume 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the scent of something sweet-smelling

2 : a substance that emits a pleasant odor especially : a fluid preparation of natural essences (as from plants or animals) or synthetics and a fixative used for scenting

perfume

verb
per·fume | \(ˌ)pər-ˈfyüm, ˈpər-ˌfyüm\
perfumed; perfuming

Definition of perfume (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to fill or imbue with an odor

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Synonyms & Antonyms for perfume

Synonyms: Noun

aroma, balm, bouquet, fragrance, fragrancy, incense, redolence, scent, spice

Synonyms: Verb

incense, scent

Antonyms: Noun

reek, stench, stink

Antonyms: Verb

stink up

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Choose the Right Synonym for perfume

Noun

fragrance, perfume, scent, redolence mean a sweet or pleasant odor. fragrance suggests the odors of flowers or other growing things. the fragrance of pine perfume may suggest a stronger or heavier odor. the perfume of lilacs scent is very close to perfume but of wider application because more neutral in connotation. scent-free soaps redolence implies a mixture of fragrant or pungent odors. the redolence of a forest after a rain

Examples of perfume in a Sentence

Noun

She smelled the different perfumes at the store. the perfume of fresh flowers filled the room

Verb

The meal included a delicate fish perfumed with butter and herbs. a time when it was common for men to perfume their hair
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

This can include suntan lotion, shampoos, body soaps, toothpaste, makeup products, perfumes, nail products and diaper rash cream. Kelsey Mo, azcentral, "Top 5 calls to Poison Control and what the hotline advises you should do," 18 June 2018 Everyday products from cleaning supplies to perfumes trigger health problems in an estimated 55 million Americans, according to a new study into a disputed condition known as Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS). Kashmira Gander, Newsweek, "What Is MCS? Multiple Chemical Sensitivity 'Affects Millions of Americans,' But It Isn't a Real Illness," 16 Mar. 2018 Vanilla beans originated in Mexico and Central America and are cultivated in Madagascar, Tahiti (where vanilla used in perfume is made), and Indonesia. Carole Kotkin, miamiherald, "There's nothing vanilla about cooking with fragrant, homemade vanilla," 13 June 2018 Stalls selling shoes, handbags, toothpaste and half-price stereo systems are illuminated in the gloom, while the smell of soap mixed with cheap perfume fills the air. The Economist, "Singapore’s Brutalist past could soon be gone," 31 May 2018 Her father was a perfume-company executive; her mother was a labor lawyer. Matt Schudel, Washington Post, "Barbara Kafka, cookbook author who turned up the heat, dies at 84," 2 June 2018 Time slips away inside Hesperios, the all-white shop where racks of soft knitwear line the walls alongside Lena Willhammar ceramics and perfume oils straight from the Madini family in Tangier. Aliza Abarbanel, Bon Appetit, "Hesperios Founder Autumn Hruby Just Opened a Cafe in Her Dreamy Manhattan Shop," 21 May 2018 Directly inspired by a Mediterranean summer, the perfume has notes of earthy fig leaves, the fruit itself, Sicilian bergamot, and daffodil for a green and floral scent. Shannon Barbour, The Cut, "A Heartbreaking Scent of Staggering Beauty," 20 June 2018 By grating rather than chopping them, Kirnon maximizes the perfume harvested from each pepper and avoids having to use so many that their spicy burn becomes overwhelming. Ali Bouzari, San Francisco Chronicle, "Housemade: The science behind the skillets at Miss Ollie’s in Oakland," 16 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Although questions of racial and gender identity and politics perfume the air, the best photography in the show touches lightly, if at all, on these subjects. Arthur Lubow, New York Times, "What’s New in Photography? Humanism, MoMA Says," 9 Mar. 2018 The scent of sage perfumed the air, and bursts of red foliage punctuated the gray-green grasslands. Beth J. Harpaz, chicagotribune.com, "Badlands and history in Theodore Roosevelt National Park," 5 July 2018 That baby slips and slides up and down Brooklyn, perfuming the whole borough with its overwhelming BDE. Amanda Arnold, The Cut, "Which New York Subway Lines Have Big Dick Energy?," 26 June 2018 The buttery crust here, made in a food processor, is mixed with fresh basil, which perfumes the pastry. Jill Gibson, BostonGlobe.com, "Recipe: A buttery crust made with fresh basil holds goat cheese and sliced tomatoes," 11 June 2018 On this night, a little roasted red pepper ($3 each) came oozing velvety béchamel perfumed with minced jamon serrano (Spanish-style ham). James Patrick Kelly, idahostatesman, "Downtown Boise’s Txikiteo bolsters the list of locally owned Basque eateries," 30 May 2018 At other times Fausett goes by the book: lobster bisque, luxuriously smooth if somewhat wanting for shellfish; crab dip, gooey, turmeric tinged, and similarly crustacean poor; oysters Rockefeller, perfumed with Pernod. Mike Sula, Chicago Reader, "Fisk & Co. flexes its mussels," 24 May 2018 Under a sunny blue Thursday sky, smells of grilling meat, frying doughnuts, fresh flowers and homemade candles perfumed the sidewalks in downtown La Grange. Jesse Wright, chicagotribune.com, "Downtown markets offer farm produce and specialties in Western Springs and La Grange," 24 May 2018 Harpers Bazaar has reported that the Duke and Duchess themselves chose a variety of springtime floral scents to perfume the air of the beautiful St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle. Rebecca Angel Baer, Southern Living, "The Perfume Brand Behind The Royal Wedding’s Signature Scent Was Just Named," 23 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'perfume.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of perfume

Noun

circa 1593, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1546, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for perfume

Noun

Middle French perfum, probably from Old Occitan, from perfumar to perfume, from per- thoroughly (from Latin) + fumar to smoke, from Latin fumare, from fumus smoke — more at fume

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Statistics for perfume

Last Updated

8 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for perfume

The first known use of perfume was in 1546

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More Definitions for perfume

perfume

noun

English Language Learners Definition of perfume

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a liquid substance that you put on your body in small amounts in order to smell pleasant

: a pleasant smell

perfume

verb

English Language Learners Definition of perfume (Entry 2 of 2)

: to fill or cover (something) with a pleasant smell

: to put perfume in or on (something)

perfume

noun
per·fume | \ˈpər-ˌfyüm \

Kids Definition of perfume

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a liquid used to make a person smell nice

2 : a pleasant smell : fragrance

perfume

verb
per·fume | \pər-ˈfyüm \
perfumed; perfuming

Kids Definition of perfume (Entry 2 of 2)

: to add a usually pleasant odor to : have the odor of

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