noun (1)
pep·​per | \ˈpe-pər \

Definition of pepper 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1a : either of two pungent products from the fruit of an Indian plant (Piper nigrum) that are used chiefly as condiments:

(1) : black pepper

(2) : white pepper

b : any of several products similar to pepper that are obtained from plants of the same genus cubeb pepper

c : any of various pungent condiments of plants unrelated to the pepper Szechuan pepper

2 : any of a genus (Piper of the family Piperaceae, the pepper family) of tropical mostly jointed climbing shrubs with aromatic leaves especially : a woody vine (P. nigrum) with spicate flowers that is widely cultivated in the tropics for its red berries from which black pepper and white pepper are prepared

3a : capsicum sense 1 especially : one (Capsicum annuum) whose fruits are hot peppers or sweet peppers

b : the hollow fruit of a pepper that is usually green when unripe and red or yellow when ripe


peppered; peppering\ˈpe-​p(ə-​)riŋ \

Definition of pepper (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to sprinkle or season with pepper

b : to shower with or as if with shot or other missiles

2 : to hit with or as if with rapid repeated blows

3 : to sprinkle or cover as if with pepper peppered the report with statistics a face peppered with freckles


noun (2)

Definition of pepper (Entry 3 of 3)

: a baseball practice or warm-up game in which usually several fielders toss the ball a short distance to a single batter who hits it back

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Other Words from pepper

Noun (1)

pepper adjective


pepperer \ˈpe-​pər-​ər \ noun

Synonyms for pepper

Synonyms: Verb

bestrew, dot, scatter, sow, spot, spray, sprinkle, strew

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Examples of pepper in a Sentence


You need to pepper the stew more. pepper the costume with flecks of glitter

First Known Use of pepper

Noun (1)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun (2)

1943, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for pepper

Noun (1)

Middle English peper, from Old English pipor, from Latin piper, from Greek peperi

Noun (2)

probably from pep entry 2 + -er entry 2

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Time Traveler for pepper

The first known use of pepper was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for pepper



English Language Learners Definition of pepper

: to add pepper to (food)


pep·​per | \ˈpe-pər \

Kids Definition of pepper

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a black or white spice that has a sharp flavor and comes from the dried ground-up fruit of an Indian climbing shrub

2 : a usually green, red, or yellow vegetable that has a sharp or mildly sweet flavor and grows on a bushy garden plant


peppered; peppering

Kids Definition of pepper (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to season with or as if with pepper

2 : to hit with or as if with a shower of blows or objects Hail peppered the hikers. Freckles peppered his face.


pep·​per | \ˈpep-ər \

Medical Definition of pepper 

1a : a woody Indian vine of the genus Piper (P. nigrum) that is widely cultivated in the tropics for its red berries from which black pepper and white pepper are prepared

b(1) : black pepper

(2) : white pepper

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More from Merriam-Webster on pepper

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with pepper

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for pepper

Spanish Central: Translation of pepper

Nglish: Translation of pepper for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of pepper for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about pepper

Comments on pepper

What made you want to look up pepper? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to make faulty or ineffective

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