patent

adjective
pat·​ent | \ senses 1–3 are ˈpa-tᵊnt How to pronounce patent (audio) , chiefly British ˈpā-; sense 4 ˈpā-; sense 5 ˈpā-, ˈpa-; senses 6–7 ˈpa-, ˈpā-, British usually ˈpā- How to pronounce patent (audio) \

Definition of patent

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : open to public inspection used chiefly in the phrase letters patent
b(1) : secured by letters patent or by a patent to the exclusive control and possession of a particular individual or party patent foodstuffs have acquired an ever-increasing importance— Friedel Strauss
(2) : protected by a patent : made under a patent patent locks a patent coffee maker
c : protected by a trademark or a brand name so as to establish proprietary rights analogous to those conveyed by letters patent or a patent : proprietary patent drugs
2 : of, relating to, or concerned with the granting of patents especially for inventions a patent lawyer patent law
3 : making exclusive or proprietary claims or pretensions peddled his patent notions in season and out
4 : affording free passage : unobstructed a patent opening
5 : patulous, spreading a patent calyx
6 archaic : accessible, exposed
7 : readily visible or intelligible : obvious his patent sincerity a patent falsehood

patent

noun
pat·​ent | \ ˈpa-tᵊnt How to pronounce patent (audio) , British also ˈpā- How to pronounce patent (audio) \

Definition of patent (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : an official document conferring a right or privilege : letters patent
2a : a writing securing for a term of years the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention
b : the monopoly or right so granted
c : a patented invention
4 : an instrument making a conveyance of public lands also : the land so conveyed

patent

verb
pat·​ent | \ ˈpa-tᵊnt How to pronounce patent (audio) , British also ˈpā- How to pronounce patent (audio) \
patented; patenting; patents

Definition of patent (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to obtain or grant a patent right to
2 : to grant a privilege, right, or license to by patent
3 : to obtain or secure by patent especially : to secure by letters patent exclusive right to make, use, or sell

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Other Words from patent

Adjective

patently adverb

Verb

patentability \ ˌpa-​tᵊn-​tə-​ˈbi-​lə-​tē How to pronounce patentability (audio) , British also  ˌpā-​ \ noun
patentable \ ˈpa-​tᵊn-​tə-​bəl How to pronounce patentable (audio) , British also  ˈpā-​ \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for patent

Adjective

evident, manifest, patent, distinct, obvious, apparent, plain, clear mean readily perceived or apprehended. evident implies presence of visible signs that lead one to a definite conclusion. an evident fondness for sweets manifest implies an external display so evident that little or no inference is required. manifest hostility patent applies to a cause, effect, or significant feature that is clear and unmistakable once attention has been directed to it. patent defects distinct implies such sharpness of outline or definition that no unusual effort to see or hear or comprehend is required. a distinct refusal obvious implies such ease in discovering that it often suggests conspicuousness or little need for perspicacity in the observer. the obvious solution apparent is very close to evident except that it may imply more conscious exercise of inference. for no apparent reason plain suggests lack of intricacy, complexity, or elaboration. her feelings about him are plain clear implies an absence of anything that confuses the mind or obscures the pattern. a clear explanation

Examples of patent in a Sentence

Adjective

The company settled a patent dispute last year. the licensing of patent rights They were sued for patent infringement. His explanation turned out to be a patent lie. She acted with patent disregard for the rules.

Noun

The product is protected by patent.

Verb

The product was patented by its inventor.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Tech companies file patent infringement lawsuits all the time — BlackBerry just sued Facebook for patent infringement last week. Kurt Wagner, Recode, "Match Group wants to buy Bumble. Now it’s also suing Bumble.," 17 Mar. 2018 The researchers gathered data on how many different provisions of patent law each examiner invoked, on the theory that a more effective examiner would invoke more patent law provisions, on average. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "Why the roots of patent trolling may be in the patent office," 5 Mar. 2018 Aspiring entrepreneurs will receive help in gaining access to business mentors, prototyping services, legal and patent advice and business plan development. Karen Farkas, cleveland.com, "Cleveland State University receives $1 million gift for entrepreneurship lab," 15 Dec. 2017 While that didn’t result in any new federal law, many states ultimately passed laws limiting how patent demand letters can be used. Joe Mullin, Ars Technica, "New bill would end Native American “sovereign immunity” for patents," 9 Oct. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Though her invention is used in everything from bullet-proof vests to tennis rackets, sneakers, and even snare drums, Kwolek signed away the patent royalties to the company. Dan Samorodnitsky, Smithsonian, "You Can Thank Chemist Stephanie Kwolek for Bulletproof Vests and Yoga Pants," 21 Aug. 2019 Kriegsfeld says that Mitek has more than 40 patents in image processing technology. Ellen Airhart, Vox, "Why cashier’s checks are part of so many online scams," 19 Aug. 2019 Legal wrangling, the advantageous use of the patent system and the regulatory hurdles in creating cheaper alternative drugs stymie any serious price competition. Kaiser Health News, oregonlive.com, "New snakebite antidote drives competition, but costs will still bite," 18 Aug. 2019 Intellectual property lawyers deal with the laws related to inventions, patents, trademarks, and creative works. Kate Knight, Houston Chronicle, "A legal education: What do attorneys do?," 15 Aug. 2019 Companies that have contributed patents to the 5G standards stand to make billions of dollars in licensing fees. Washington Post, "Why 5G Phones and Huawei Have U.S. and Europe at Odds," 18 Sep. 2019 Kevin is a 10-week-old kitten who has been diagnosed with patent ductus arteriosus, the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals said in a statement. BostonGlobe.com, "A stray kitten with a serious heart condition is going under the knife this week, and the MSPCA is raising money to help with the costs of the lifesaving operation, officials said.," 17 Sep. 2019 Her father, Marvin, was a patent lawyer, and her mother, Katherine (Kitchen) Rivers, was the secretary to a high school principal. Richard Sandomir, New York Times, "Anne Rivers Siddons, Novelist Whose Muse Was the New South, Dies at 83," 13 Sep. 2019 In a promotional video, featuring soft piano background music and scenes of girls soldering, sketching, and kicking ass in white lab coats, Hasbro notes that only ten per cent of patent holders are women. Mary Pilon, The New Yorker, "The Misplaced Feminism of Ms. Monopoly," 11 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Inventors have patented ways of putting cannabis into milk, coffee pods, ice pops and chewing gum. Carla K. Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "How much pot in that brownie? Chocolate can throw off tests," 27 Aug. 2019 The Story of Plastic PLASTIC BOTTLES Engineer Nathaniel Wyeth patented polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles in 1973. Laura Parker, National Geographic, "How the plastic bottle went from miracle container to hated garbage," 23 Aug. 2019 El Toro’s patented tools provide a unique series of technologies allowing customers to directly market to their target customers via numerous omnichannel methods, including digital advertising, connected TV and direct mail. Ben Tobin, The Courier-Journal, "Louisville technology company set to add 400 jobs over the next five years," 25 July 2019 This new version was patented with protection on the product extending to 2029. CNN, "Big Pharma is abusing patents, and it's hurting Americans," 12 Sep. 2019 The company’s robotics technology, which hadn’t been patented at the time of the theft, may one day become critical for battlefield medicine. Samantha F. Ravich, WSJ, "Where Are the Corporate Patriots?," 28 Nov. 2018 The 4707 has actually been patented by Heinz, the result of years of research and development. CBS News, "Ketchup, a sweet and sour love story," 1 July 2018 Inventors have patented ways of putting cannabis into milk, coffee pods, ice pops and chewing gum. Carla K. Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "How much pot in that brownie? Chocolate can throw off tests," 27 Aug. 2019 Inventors have patented ways of putting cannabis into milk, coffee pods, ice pops and chewing gum. Author: Carla K. Johnson, Anchorage Daily News, "How much pot in that brownie? Chocolate can throw off tests," 26 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'patent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of patent

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1675, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for patent

Adjective, Noun, and Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin patent-, patens, from present participle of patēre to be open — more at fathom

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Statistics for patent

Last Updated

12 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for patent

The first known use of patent was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for patent

patent

noun

Financial Definition of patent

What It Is

A patent is a grant of property rights to an invention. In the United States, this is done through the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

How It Works

A patent prevents others from using, making or selling a specific invention within the U.S. Use of the term "patent pending" or "patent applied for" is intended to inform the general public that the inventor has filed a patent application on the item, but these terms do not protect the inventor until a patent is actually granted. Only the inventor of the invention can apply for a patent, although there are exceptions.

There are three types of patents: utility patents, plant patents, and design patents. Anyone who invents or discovers a "new and useful" process, article of manufacture, composition of matter, machine, or improvement upon these things may be eligible for a utility patent. Plant patents are awarded to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces a "distinct and new variety of plant." Design patents generally go to anyone who invents a "new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture." Inventions related to the use of "special nuclear material or atomic energy in an atomic weapon" are not eligible for patents. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office will also not patent "laws of nature, physical phenomena, and abstract ideas," nor is a "mere idea or suggestion" eligible. Prior foreign use or existing domestic use of an invention also influence whether an invention is eligible for patent.

To apply for a patent, the inventor must first file either a provisional or non-provisional application for a patent, which includes a description and drawing of the invention. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office then provides the inventor with an application number and official filing date. After 18 months, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office publishes the patent application, and the general public may protest or request access to the entire application file. The application is sent to a patent examiner who specializes in the invention's area of technology, and the examiner evaluates the invention and application for compliance with patent guidelines. The examiner may accept or reject the application, and the applicant may appeal a rejection. If a patent is granted, the manufacturer or seller of the patented article must mark the articles with the patent number.

Why It Matters

Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution allows Congress to enact patent laws. Patent laws were most recently revised on November 29, 1999, with the passage of the American Inventors Protection Act.

Inventors may allow others to manufacture or sell their patented inventions in exchange for money. American law allows inventors to enforce their patents by bringing patent infringement lawsuits in federal court against anyone who uses the patented invention without permission.

Patents expire. In the United States, a utility patent issued on or after June 8, 1995, expires on the later of either 17 years from the grant date or 20 years from the first effective filing date. Design patents expire 14 years from the patent grant date. A patent may also expire if the owner fails to pay required maintenance fees, which may occur if the owner is unable to commercially exploit the invention. Sometimes, a court invalidates patents for various reasons. When a patent expires or is invalidated, the related invention could fall into the public domain and may be used or exploited without the inventor's permission.

Source: Investing Answers

patent

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of patent

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: of, relating to, or concerned with patents
formal : obvious or clear

patent

noun

English Language Learners Definition of patent (Entry 2 of 3)

: an official document that gives a person or company the right to be the only one that makes or sells a product for a certain period of time

patent

verb

English Language Learners Definition of patent (Entry 3 of 3)

: to get a patent for (something)

patent

adjective
pat·​ent | \ for 1 ˈpa-tᵊnt or ˈpā-, for 2 ˈpa-\

Kids Definition of patent

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : obvious, evident a patent lie
2 : relating to or concerned with patents patent law

patent

noun
pat·​ent | \ ˈpa-tᵊnt How to pronounce patent (audio) \

Kids Definition of patent (Entry 2 of 3)

: a document that gives the inventor of something the right to be the only one to make or sell the invention for a certain number of years

patent

verb
pat·​ent | \ ˈpa-tᵊnt How to pronounce patent (audio) \
patented; patenting

Kids Definition of patent (Entry 3 of 3)

: to obtain the legal right to be the only one to make or sell an invention

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patent

adjective
pa·​tent | \ ˈpat-ᵊnt, British usually ˈpāt-\

Medical Definition of patent

1 : protected by a trademark or a trade name so as to establish proprietary rights analogous to those conveyed by a patent : proprietary patent drugs
2 \ ˈpāt-​ \ : affording free passage : being open and unobstructed the nose patent with no pathological dischargeJournal of the American Medical Association

patent

adjective
pat·​ent | \ ˈpat-ᵊnt, 3 also ˈpāt- How to pronounce patent (audio) \

Legal Definition of patent

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : open to public inspection — see also letters patent at letter sense 2
b : secured or protected by a patent a nonexclusive patent license to produce and sell the product sought to enforce her patent rights against infringement
2 : of, relating to, or concerned with the granting of patents especially for inventions a patent lawyer involved in patent litigation
3 : readily seen, discovered, or understood a patent defect if no bad faith or abuse is patent — compare latent

Other Words from patent

patently adverb

patent

noun
pat·​ent | \ ˈpat-ᵊnt How to pronounce patent (audio) \

Legal Definition of patent (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : an official document conferring a right or privilege : letters patent at letter 2
2a : the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention or products made by an invented process that is granted to an inventor and his or her heirs or assigns for a term of years — see also intellectual property at property — compare copyright, trademark

Note: A patent may be granted for a process, act, or method that is new, useful, and not obvious, for a new use of a known process, machine, or composition of matter or material, as well as for an asexually reproduced distinct and new variety of plant (excluding one propagated from a tuber), and for any new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture. Design patents are issued for a term of 14 years. Patents issuing on applications made after June 8, 1995, for basic or plant patents (excluding design patents) are for a term of 20 years from the date of application. An inventor can file a provisional patent application, which requires less documentation and lower fees than a regular application, before reducing the invention to practice. This allows the inventor to claim “patent pending” status for the invention and to establish an earlier filing date and priority of the invention. A regular patent application must be made within a year of the provisional application or it will expire. Patents are considered personal property and may be sold, assigned, or otherwise transferred. Under common law, if a patented invention or discovery is made while the inventor is working for a company, and is made on company time with company facilities and materials, the employer receives an irrevocable, nonassignable, nonexclusive, royalty-free license to use it. Often an employee is required contractually to assign his or her patent to the employer.

b : the writing securing such a right received his patent in the mail
c : a patented invention all substantial rights to a patentInternal Revenue Code
3 : an instrument making a conveyance of public lands to issue a patent to each of said Indians for the village or town lot occupied by himU.S. Code — see also fee patent at fee sense 1
pat·​ent

Legal Definition of patent (Entry 3 of 3)

: to obtain or grant a right to (something) by a patent the land was patented to the railroad specifically : to protect the rights to (an invention) by a patent printed matter cannot be patented

History and Etymology for patent

Adjective

Anglo-French, from Latin patent- patens, from present participle of patēre to be open

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More from Merriam-Webster on patent

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with patent

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for patent

Spanish Central: Translation of patent

Nglish: Translation of patent for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of patent for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about patent

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