knowledge

noun
knowl·​edge | \ ˈnä-lij How to pronounce knowledge (audio) \

Definition of knowledge

1a(1) : the fact or condition of knowing something with familiarity gained through experience or association
(2) : acquaintance with or understanding of a science, art, or technique
b(1) : the fact or condition of being aware of something
(2) : the range of one's information or understanding answered to the best of my knowledge
c : the circumstance or condition of apprehending truth or fact through reasoning : cognition
d : the fact or condition of having information or of being learned a person of unusual knowledge
2a : the sum of what is known : the body of truth, information, and principles acquired by humankind
b archaic : a branch of learning
3 archaic : sexual intercourse
4 obsolete : cognizance

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Synonyms for knowledge

Synonyms

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knowledge, learning, erudition, scholarship mean what is or can be known by an individual or by humankind. knowledge applies to facts or ideas acquired by study, investigation, observation, or experience. rich in the knowledge of human nature learning applies to knowledge acquired especially through formal, often advanced, schooling. a book that demonstrates vast learning erudition strongly implies the acquiring of profound, recondite, or bookish learning. an erudition unusual even in a scholar scholarship implies the possession of learning characteristic of the advanced scholar in a specialized field of study or investigation. a work of first-rate literary scholarship

Examples of knowledge in a Sentence

At that time the word science had not been narrowed down to one kind of knowledge; it meant whatever was known, and men of learning were still able to possess most of it. — Jacques Barzun, From Dawn to Decadence, 2000 With their aid, he should be able to adapt himself selectively to his culture, rejecting its evils, stupidities and irrelevances, gratefully accepting all its treasures of accumulated knowledge … and practical wisdom. — Aldous Huxley, "Culture and the … ," in Artificial Paradises, Mike Jay editor1999 The knowledge of the godawful way people act (their greed, their vicarious or direct violence), and of the youth and helplessness of those who died, leads to shame … — Harold Brodkey, New Yorker, 30 Jan. 1995 She has little knowledge of fashion. He has devoted himself to the pursuit of knowledge. She gained a thorough knowledge of local customs. Did you have any knowledge of her intentions?
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Recent Examples on the Web Researchers may sometimes resort to performing tests without knowledge or consent of the organization, nevertheless acting in good faith, with public interest in mind. Lukasz Olejnik, Wired, "India's Data Protection Bill Threatens Global Cybersecurity," 8 Feb. 2020 Because the men’s knowledge of these events constitutes a critical security risk, the two agree to be hypnotized by government agents, who replace memories of their secret identities with prosaic memories of walking around Dublin. Jay Martel, The New Yorker, "Once Before a Time: A Roundup of Upcoming Prequels," 8 Feb. 2020 Attitudes may have been tempered by gratitude that the U.S. government helped them escape the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak, as well as knowledge that spread of the disease would be harmful. Time, "The U.S. Government Is Quarantining More Than 800 Americans. Here's Why That Very Rarely Happens," 7 Feb. 2020 These days, however, O'Kelly is using his formidable firearms expertise and institutional knowledge of the ATF to take aim at his former employer. Scott Glover, CNN, "Former ATF agent at center of legal dispute over AR-15," 7 Feb. 2020 Mr Thiam, who denies any knowledge of the surveillance of two former executives, will step down on February 14th, after presenting fourth-quarter results the previous day. The Economist, "Man overboard Tidjane Thiam is forced out of Credit Suisse after a spying fiasco," 7 Feb. 2020 An investigation found the surveillance was ordered by Credit Suisse’s chief operating officer, without Thiam’s knowledge. Bernhard Warner, Fortune, "All eyes are on the U.S. jobs report—plus these other factors moving the markets," 7 Feb. 2020 All this leads to the stereotype of the wine snob lording knowledge over the rest of the world. Washington Post, "When restaurant wine lists intimidate even the dining pros, something needs to change," 7 Feb. 2020 Marquez has demanded answers and accountability from DCS as to how her child died two years ago without the agency's knowledge. Perry Vandell, azcentral, "DCS releases statement on child abuse case where child's bones were found in Phoenix home," 6 Feb. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'knowledge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of knowledge

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for knowledge

Middle English knowlege, from knowlechen to acknowledge, irregular from knowen

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Time Traveler for knowledge

Time Traveler

The first known use of knowledge was in the 14th century

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Statistics for knowledge

Last Updated

11 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Knowledge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/knowledge?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=k&file=knowle01. Accessed 19 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for knowledge

knowledge

noun
How to pronounce knowledge (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of knowledge

: information, understanding, or skill that you get from experience or education
: awareness of something : the state of being aware of something

knowledge

noun
knowl·​edge | \ ˈnä-lij How to pronounce knowledge (audio) \

Kids Definition of knowledge

1 : understanding and skill gained by experience He has a knowledge of carpentry.
2 : the state of being aware of something or of having information He borrowed my camera without my knowledge.
3 : range of information or awareness To my knowledge our school has never won the championship.
4 : something learned and kept in the mind : learning

knowledge

noun
knowl·​edge

Legal Definition of knowledge

1a : awareness or understanding especially of an act, a fact, or the truth : actual knowledge in this entry
b : awareness that a fact or circumstance probably exists broadly : constructive knowledge in this entry — see also scienter, willful blindness

Note: Knowledge fundamentally differs from intent in being grounded in awareness rather than purpose.

actual knowledge
1 : direct and clear awareness (as of a fact or condition) the bank had actual knowledge that the name and account number referred to different persons
2 : awareness of such information as would cause a reasonable person to inquire further specifically : such awareness considered as a timely and sufficient substitute for actual notice (as of a work-related injury or of a bankruptcy proceeding) ruled that the employer did not have actual notice or actual knowledge within 90 days
constructive knowledge
: knowledge (as of a condition or fact) that one using ordinary care or diligence would possess had constructive knowledge of the presence of narcotics on his property
personal knowledge
: direct knowledge of a matter or of the truth or falsity of an allegation a witness may not testify to a matter unless evidence is introduced sufficient to support a finding that the witness has personal knowledge of the matterFederal Rules of Evidence Rule 602
superior knowledge
: knowledge greater than that possessed by another especially : awareness of a condition or fact that affects another who was not aware of it denied having had superior knowledge of the hazard superior knowledge of a factor in the performance of a contract
2 : the range of one's information, understanding, or expertise answered to the best of his knowledge

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