karyotype

1 of 2

noun

kar·​yo·​type ˈker-ē-ə-ˌtīp How to pronounce karyotype (audio)
ˈka-rē-
: the chromosomal characteristics of a cell
also : the chromosomes themselves or a representation of them
karyotypic adjective
karyotypically adverb

karyotype

2 of 2

verb

karyotyped; karyotyping; karyotypes

transitive verb

: to determine or analyze the karyotype of

Examples of karyotype in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
The current process in prenatal diagnostic testing is complicated, as patients and providers must choose from multiple tests, each designed and calibrated to analyze only a subset of genetic changes, including karyotype, FISH, microarray, gene panels and exome sequencing. Haim Neerman, Forbes, 7 June 2022 Most karyotype abnormalities, for example, miscarry. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 20 Nov. 2012 So imagine that a chemical exposure or some such thing functionally transformed a child with a normal karyotype into one with Down Syndrome. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 14 July 2012 An analysis of the only usable fragment of femur left in the grave found evidence of an XXY karyotype, consistent with what is known today as Klinefelter syndrome. Scottie Andrew, CNN, 12 Aug. 2021 Without karyotype comparisons of the cases and the control group, there’s no way to determine with confidence whether vaccination is linked to loss. Jon Cohen, Science | AAAS, 13 Sep. 2017

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'karyotype.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

International Scientific Vocabulary

First Known Use

Noun

1929, in the meaning defined above

Verb

1963, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of karyotype was in 1929

Dictionary Entries Near karyotype

Cite this Entry

“Karyotype.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/karyotype. Accessed 12 Apr. 2024.

Kids Definition

karyotype

noun
kar·​yo·​type
ˈka-rē-ə-ˌtīp
: a photographic image or other representation of all the chromosomes in a cell usually arranged in pairs from largest to smallest

Medical Definition

karyotype

1 of 2 noun
kar·​yo·​type ˈkar-ē-ə-ˌtīp How to pronounce karyotype (audio)
: the chromosomal characteristics of a cell
also : the chromosomes themselves or a representation of them
karyotypic adjective
karyotypically adverb

karyotype

2 of 2 transitive verb
karyotyped; karyotyping
: to determine or analyze the karyotype of
karyotyped a newborn infant with a suspected genetic anomaly

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