jovial

adjective
jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) , -vyəl\

Definition of jovial

1 : markedly good-humored especially as evidenced by cheerfulness and conviviality : jolly a jovial host a jovial welcome
2 capitalized : of or relating to Jove

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Other Words from jovial

joviality \ ˌjō-​vē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce joviality (audio) \ noun
jovially \ ˈjō-​vē-​ə-​lē How to pronounce jovially (audio) , -​vyə-​ \ adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for jovial

merry, blithe, jocund, jovial, jolly mean showing high spirits or lightheartedness. merry suggests cheerful, joyous, uninhibited enjoyment of frolic or festivity. a merry group of revelers blithe suggests carefree, innocent, or even heedless gaiety. arrived late in his usual blithe way jocund stresses elation and exhilaration of spirits. singing, dancing, and jocund feasting jovial suggests the stimulation of conviviality and good fellowship. dinner put them in a jovial mood jolly suggests high spirits expressed in laughing, bantering, and jesting. our jolly host enlivened the party

Jovial and Birth Dates

Jupiter, also called Jove, was the chief Roman god and was considered a majestic, authoritative type—just the kind of god to name a massive planet like Jupiter for. Our word jovial comes by way of Middle French from the Late Latin adjective jovialis, meaning "of or relating to Jove." When English speakers first picked up jovial in the late 16th century, it was a term of astrology used to describe those born under the influence of Jupiter, which, as a natal planet, was believed to impart joy and happiness. They soon began applying jovial to folks who shared the good-natured character of Jupiter, regardless of their birth date.

Examples of jovial in a Sentence

In response, an infuriating wink: Alsana always likes to appear jovial at the very moment that her interlocutor becomes hot under the collar. — Zadie Smith, White Teeth, 2001 I felt I was slumming, in my own life. My task was to ward off the drivel … the jovial claptrap of classmates and teachers, the maddening bromides I heard at home. — Susan Sontag, New Yorker, 21 Dec. 1987 For, the people who were shovelling away on the housetops were jovial and full of glee; calling out to one another from the parapets, and now and then exchanging a facetious snowball … — Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol, 1843 The audience was in a jovial mood. He's a very jovial man.
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Recent Examples on the Web

The atmosphere in the hotel ballroom is jovial and lighthearted because everyone in Hollywood knows that winning, or losing, doesn’t actually signify anything about their artistic merit. Ben Fritz, WSJ, "What the Golden Globes Gets Right," 7 Jan. 2019 From weed-loving rappers to jovial giraffes, here are some of the memorable moments and experiences from the 48th annual Bumbershoot. Michael Rietmulder, The Seattle Times, "The best and worst of Bumbershoot 2018," 3 Sep. 2018 To the naked eye, the musicians were a jovial fraternity of equals, free from the trappings of segregation or status. Marc Myers, WSJ, "A Great Day in Harlem, Revisited," 2 Nov. 2018 Phineas Gage, who turned from jovial and kind to aggressive and rude after a metal rod shot through his head in 1848, showed us that our personalities are intimately tied up in the front regions of the brains. Helen Thomson, WSJ, "Strange Stories of Extraordinary Brains—and What We Can Learn From Them," 29 June 2018 The human realm is led by King Harrow, a widowed monarch with two sons, the jovial Callum and jelly-loving Ezran. Patricia Hernandez, The Verge, "The Dragon Prince is influenced by Avatar: The Last Airbender in the best ways," 7 Sep. 2018 The game is priced nicely, features a jovial, marsupial protagonist with a manic personality, and was an essential part of PlayStation history. Harold Goldberg, chicagotribune.com, "Classic games, lovingly reimagined in 'Crash Bandicoot N. Sane Trilogy'," 13 July 2018 Now 76, ruddy, white-haired and content, almost jovial, Feulner founded Heritage decades ago as an ambitious young legislative aide with a radical dream built on a simple concept. Jonathan Mahler, New York Times, "How One Conservative Think Tank Is Stocking Trump’s Government," 20 June 2018 Moving a little hesitantly through the noisy, jovial crowd was the 22-year-old who weeks ago had struggled to start the program because of the two shootings. Annie Sweeney, chicagotribune.com, "In hopes of stopping bloodshed, a multimillion-dollar effort is providing jobs, therapy to city's most violent," 8 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'jovial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of jovial

1592, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Statistics for jovial

Last Updated

22 Mar 2019

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Time Traveler for jovial

The first known use of jovial was in 1592

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More Definitions for jovial

jovial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of jovial

: full of happiness and joy

jovial

adjective
jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) \

Kids Definition of jovial

Other Words from jovial

jovially adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on jovial

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for jovial

Spanish Central: Translation of jovial

Nglish: Translation of jovial for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of jovial for Arabic Speakers

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