initial

adjective
ini·​tial | \ i-ˈni-shəl How to pronounce initial (audio) \

Definition of initial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : of or relating to the beginning : incipient his initial reaction
2 : placed at the beginning : first the initial word of the verse

initial

noun

Definition of initial (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : the first letter of a name
b initials plural : the first letter of each word in a full name found that their initials were identical
2 : a large letter beginning a text or a division or paragraph
3 : anlage, precursor specifically : a meristematic cell

initial

verb
initialed or initialled; initialing or initialling\ i-​ˈni-​sh(ə-​)liŋ How to pronounce initialling (audio) \

Definition of initial (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to affix an initial to
2 : to authenticate or give preliminary approval to by affixing the initials of an authorizing representative

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Other Words from initial

Adjective

initialness \ i-​ˈni-​shəl-​nəs How to pronounce initialness (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for initial

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of initial in a Sentence

Adjective you've resolved my initial complaint, but now I have a new question Noun President Franklin D. Roosevelt's middle initial stood for “Delano.” She put her initials on each page of the contract. The initials F.D.R. stood for “Franklin Delano Roosevelt.” Verb She initialed each page of the contract.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The inspections also offer insight into missteps surrounding the initial outbreak at Pleasant View. Rachel Chason, Washington Post, "Maryland imposes $70,000 fine on nursing home where nearly all residents contracted covid-19," 26 June 2020 The initial dust outbreak was driven by a few smaller storm systems over central and west Africa. Judson Jones, CNN, "Saharan dust arrives in the US," 26 June 2020 Newport Mayor Dean Sawyer said in early June that Local Ocean and Clearwater decided to close their restaurants after the initial Pacific Seafood outbreak in hopes of mitigating the spread of coronavirus. oregonlive, "Food processing outbreaks persist, spread into communities," 25 June 2020 So far, there’s been no sign of significant popular impatience over the lapses, almost certainly because Ms. Ardern could rely on the trust amassed since the initial outbreak. Ned Temko, The Christian Science Monitor, "A COVID-19 resurgence and the trust factor," 24 June 2020 No injuries were reported, according to an initial report from Houston police. Jay R. Jordan, Houston Chronicle, "Big rig jack-knifes, flips along Interstate 45 in Houston," 24 June 2020 Gleeson advised Sullivan in his initial report not to impose contempt of court penalties on Flynn but to continue to the sentencing phase of the case. Ann E. Marimow, BostonGlobe.com, "Appeals court orders judge to dismiss criminal case against Michael Flynn," 24 June 2020 The initial report came in at 2:55 a.m. June 17 from residents of the Edgewood Road home that was struck. Thomas Jewell, cleveland, "One hit-and-run case solves itself: Pepper Pike Police Blotter," 19 June 2020 Tulsa County, which includes the city of Tulsa, tracked 96 new infections on Tuesday—its biggest one-day uptick since COVID-19's initial outbreak. Caitlin Conant, CBS News, "2020 Daily Trail Markers: Trump and Biden respond to Supreme Court's DACA decision," 18 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Weiser Railroad, a 3-mile route through Greenfield Village, is the only ride that will be operating during the initial reopening with other rides possibly opening later in the summer. Miriam Marini, Detroit Free Press, "The Henry Ford is reopening in July with new precautions. Here's what you need to know," 16 June 2020 The fund, known by its Turkish initials TVF, will inject cash or acquire controlling stakes in strategic firms under a framework drawn up by policy makers, said senior officials with direct knowledge of the matter. Firat Kozok, Bloomberg.com, "Turkish Wealth Fund to Get Critical Role for Post-Pandemic World," 10 May 2020 This week, the order cap is limited to 325, distribution hours have been extended and shoppers are assigned a pick-up time slot based on their last initial. Holly V. Hays, Indianapolis Star, "Carmel Farmers Market stays open, urges shoppers and vendors to be 'as safe as possible'," 10 Apr. 2020 Their virtual beach wedding featured their initials on the sand, flowers and six of their friends in the game. Shannon Liao, CNN, "People are holding video game weddings and graduation ceremonies," 27 Mar. 2020 While officials first came under fire for their initial botched handling of the virus, the extreme steps that followed appear to have curbed its spread. Fortune, "As world markets plunge into bear territory, China stock traders see only gains," 12 Mar. 2020 There's the one where two lovers who think of themselves as a modern-day Bonnie and Clyde leave a trail of death, with their initials carved into their victims' bodies. Author: Sophia Rosenbaum, Anchorage Daily News, "5 things I learned from binge-reading a 50-book crime series," 18 Feb. 2020 There’s the one where two lovers who think of themselves as a modern-day Bonnie and Clyde leave a trail of death, with their initials carved into their victims’ bodies. Washington Post, "5 things I learned from binge-reading a 50-book crime series," 12 Feb. 2020 The sport, whose initials stand for Ultimate Fighting Championship, involves close contact by necessity, with punching, kicking and submission holds. Josh Eidelson, Bloomberg.com, "UFC Bans Fighters From Criticizing its Safety Protocols," 15 May 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Value of those tools was initially set at around $500 total and police noted that they had been initialed by the owner. Thomas Jewell, cleveland, "Man questions whether ‘repo’ driver is out doing ‘essential business’: Orange Police Blotter," 15 Apr. 2020 The agreement was initialed and signed by Tully in March, but was not filed until April 7, according to online court records. Holly V. Hays, Indianapolis Star, "Roncalli's Bob Tully agrees to pretrial diversion in battery case involving student," 17 Apr. 2020 Taylor was one of the first witnesses called Wednesday during the impeachment inquiry’s initial open hearing. USA TODAY, "Associated Press: 2nd US official heard President Trump call with Sondland about Ukraine," 15 Nov. 2019 About two weeks later, your boxes of ammo show up, each one initialed buy the loader who made them. Alex Robinson, Outdoor Life, "5 Top Custom Shotshells That Are Better Than Steel," 8 Jan. 2020 Rickmon Tuesday ruled that eight ballots were not properly initialed by election judges before giving them to voters. Alicia Fabbre, chicagotribune.com, "Judge discards 8 ballots cast in April in southwest suburban school board election. Woman who had been declared a winner is forced to step down.," 5 Nov. 2019 In 1995, Balkan leaders meeting in Dayton, Ohio, initialed a peace plan to end three and a-half years of ethnic fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina. BostonGlobe.com, "In 1920, the Irish Republican Army killed 12 British intelligence officers and two auxiliary policemen in the Dublin area; British forces responded by raiding a soccer match, killing 14 civilians.," 21 Nov. 2019 But the peace talks collapsed last month when Trump pulled the plug on the deal his diplomats had finalized and initialed after a year of negotiations. BostonGlobe.com, "In a news conference Monday, the top US commander in Afghanistan, General Austin S. Miller, confirmed that the size of the US force in the country had already quietly dropped by 2,000 over the last year, down to between roughly 12,000 and 13,000.," 22 Oct. 2019 But the negotiations collapsed in September when Mr. Trump pulled the plug on the deal his diplomats had finalized and initialed after a year of negotiations. New York Times, "U.S. Is Quietly Reducing Its Troop Force in Afghanistan," 21 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'initial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of initial

Adjective

1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1627, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

circa 1864, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for initial

Adjective

Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French iniciel, from Latin initialis, from initium beginning, from inire to go into, from in- + ire to go — more at issue entry 1

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Time Traveler for initial

Time Traveler

The first known use of initial was in 1526

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Statistics for initial

Last Updated

29 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Initial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/initial. Accessed 5 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for initial

initial

adjective
How to pronounce initial (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of initial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: occurring at the beginning of something

initial

noun

English Language Learners Definition of initial (Entry 2 of 3)

: a first letter of a name
: the first letters of each of a person's names

initial

verb

English Language Learners Definition of initial (Entry 3 of 3)

: to mark (something) with your initials

initial

noun
ini·​tial | \ i-ˈni-shəl How to pronounce initial (audio) \

Kids Definition of initial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the first letter of a name
2 : a large letter beginning a text or a paragraph

initial

adjective

Kids Definition of initial (Entry 2 of 3)

: occurring at or marking the beginning an initial effort the initial word

Other Words from initial

initially \ -​shə-​lē \ adverb

initial

verb
initialed or initialled; initialing or initialling

Kids Definition of initial (Entry 3 of 3)

: to mark with the first letter or letters of a name

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Comments on initial

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