initial public offering

noun
Updated on: 26 Jul 2017

Definition of initial public offering

  1. :  the first sale of a company's stock to the public

Word by Word Definitions

initialplay
  1. :  of or relating to the beginning :  incipient

    :  placed at the beginning :  first

  1. :  the first letter of a name

    :  the first letter of each word in a full name

    :  a large letter beginning a text or a division or paragraph

  1. :  to affix an initial to

    :  to authenticate or give preliminary approval to by affixing the initials of an authorizing representative

publicplay
  1. :  exposed to general view :  open

    :  well-known, prominent

    :  perceptible, material

  1. :  the people as a whole :  populace

    :  a group of people having common interests or characteristics

    :  the group at which a particular activity or enterprise aims

offeringplay
  1. :  the act of one who offers

    :  something offered

    :  a sacrifice ceremonially offered as a part of worship


Financial Definition of INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING

initial public offering

What It Is

An initial public offering (IPO) refers to the first time a company publicly sells shares of its stock on the open market. It is also known as "going public."

How It Works

The proceeds from the sale of stock shares in an initial public offering provide the issuing company with capital. For this reason, many start-up companies issue IPOs because they're seeking a source of capital to fund growth.

IPOs are introduced to the market by an underwriting investment bank, which aids the issuing company by soliciting potential investors. In addition, the underwriter helps the issuing company to settle on the price at which the stock should be offered to investors.

IPOs represent the first time an issuing company will financially benefit from the public sale of its stock. Following the IPO, shares trade between buyers and sellers on the open market, whereby the underlying company receives no compensation.

Why It Matters

For a company, the capital earned from selling its shares to the public act can act as a major boost the the business' growth, making the idea of an initial public offering attractive. For investors, IPOs are a significantly higher risk as opposed to a currently traded stock. A lack of historical data combined with a usually limited history behind the company can make purchasing recently issued shares more risky.


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