initial

adjective
ini·​tial | \ i-ˈni-shəl How to pronounce initial (audio) \

Definition of initial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : of or relating to the beginning : incipient his initial reaction
2 : placed at the beginning : first the initial word of the verse

initial

noun

Definition of initial (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : the first letter of a name
b initials plural : the first letter of each word in a full name found that their initials were identical
2 : a large letter beginning a text or a division or paragraph
3 : anlage, precursor specifically : a meristematic cell

initial

verb
initialed or initialled; initialing or initialling\ i-​ˈni-​sh(ə-​)liŋ How to pronounce initial (audio) \

Definition of initial (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to affix an initial to
2 : to authenticate or give preliminary approval to by affixing the initials of an authorizing representative

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Other Words from initial

Adjective

initialness \ i-​ˈni-​shəl-​nəs How to pronounce initial (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for initial

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of initial in a Sentence

Adjective you've resolved my initial complaint, but now I have a new question Noun President Franklin D. Roosevelt's middle initial stood for “Delano.” She put her initials on each page of the contract. The initials F.D.R. stood for “Franklin Delano Roosevelt.” Verb She initialed each page of the contract.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective All together the initial List features 60 products and Boltz said it will be added to and expanded as the program develops. Warren Shoulberg, Forbes, "Lowe’s Is On A High With Its New ‘List’," 10 May 2021 The initial public offering gives Atlanta-based Parallel a $1.88 billion valuation. Diego Mendoza-moyers, San Antonio Express-News, "With investors and - possibly - legislators on board, Texas cannabis industry poised for growth," 9 May 2021 SPACs have grown quite popular in recent months as an alternative to an initial public offering, a cumbersome and expensive process. oregonlive, "Wilsonville battery maker ESS will go public in deal that values the business at $1.1 billion," 7 May 2021 Talaris Therapeutics, a biotech founded nearly 20 years ago, has gone public in the latest initial public offering in the local life sciences industry. BostonGlobe.com, "Talaris completes $150 million IPO as it goes after organ-transplant drugs," 7 May 2021 Reuters reported the company could be valued at more than $20 billion, citing a person familiar with planning the initial public offering. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Glendale-based Clarios plans public stock sale. The world's largest maker of auto batteries, the company cranks out 150 million a year.," 6 May 2021 The initial thought would have been to use facial-recognition technology, but her team and the product team quickly realized that a simple selfie submitted to an object-detection system met the need. James Rundle, WSJ, "Privacy Chiefs Say Patchwork Data Laws Mean Lawyers Must Work Alongside Engineers," 5 May 2021 Nestle is moving into cow milk substitutes as Sweden’s Oatly prepares for an initial public offering in the U.S. Wunda also poses a threat in Europe to Danone, which sells dairy alternatives under the dominant Alpro brand. Corinne Gretler, Fortune, "Pea-based milk? Nestle announces new vegan milk brand to compete with Oatly," 5 May 2021 Roivant gets the $411 million Montes raised in its initial public offering last year, plus another $200 million in new financing from a group of investors that includes Fidelity, Viking Global, SoftBank, and Palantir Technologies. Damian Garde, STAT, "Roivant Sciences to go public through $7.3 billion SPAC deal," 3 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun In this article, minors in two cases are identified only by their first initial and some parents are not fully named to protect a minor’s identity. Tribune News Service, al, "Transgender Georgians, families brace as states across South pass restrictive laws," 2 May 2021 But just days before the initial reopening for younger students, district officials announced more than a dozon elementary and preschools would not be reopening after a majority of teachers at those sites opted not to return. Emma Talley, San Francisco Chronicle, "Oakland teachers declare impasse in talks with district, but say they will return to classrooms," 16 Apr. 2021 After some initial near misses, Racing struck first when forward Cece Kizer snuck behind Orlando's defense and converted on a pass from defender Emily Fox, the team's no. 1 overall pick, in the 11th minute of the first half. Jonathan Saxon, The Courier-Journal, "Stoppage time goal earns Racing Louisville FC dramatic draw in first-ever NWSL match," 11 Apr. 2021 An article on Thursday about a citizen’s arrest bill approved in Georgia misstated the middle initial of a law professor at American University. New York Times, "Corrections: April 2, 2021," 1 Apr. 2021 Durable and adorable, these baskets come in blue, pink and green and can be personalized with your little one’s name or initial. Tanya Edwards, CNN Underscored, "20 adorable Easter basket ideas they’ll love," 29 Mar. 2021 Soon after he was elected president, the editors of the Chicago Style Manual informed Truman that omitting a period after his middle initial was improper grammar and a bad example for America’s youth. Mark Gauert, sun-sentinel.com, "The president’s other house: A trip to Harry S. Truman’s Little White House in Key West," 2 Mar. 2021 The mother only wanted to use her first name and last initial to protect her child’s privacy, a request The Chronicle granted according to its source policy. Matthias Gafni, San Francisco Chronicle, "'It came quietly from behind and pounced.' Coyote apprehension stalks Moraga, Lafayette residents," 25 Feb. 2021 The following table shows the number and rate of initial and completed COVID-19 vaccine series by county of residence. Freep.com, "Vaccinating Michigan: Tracking the progress of the state's COVID-19 vaccine rollout," 19 Feb. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Value of those tools was initially set at around $500 total and police noted that they had been initialed by the owner. Thomas Jewell, cleveland, "Man questions whether ‘repo’ driver is out doing ‘essential business’: Orange Police Blotter," 15 Apr. 2020 The agreement was initialed and signed by Tully in March, but was not filed until April 7, according to online court records. Holly V. Hays, Indianapolis Star, "Roncalli's Bob Tully agrees to pretrial diversion in battery case involving student," 17 Apr. 2020 Taylor was one of the first witnesses called Wednesday during the impeachment inquiry’s initial open hearing. USA TODAY, "Associated Press: 2nd US official heard President Trump call with Sondland about Ukraine," 15 Nov. 2019 About two weeks later, your boxes of ammo show up, each one initialed buy the loader who made them. Alex Robinson, Outdoor Life, "5 Top Custom Shotshells That Are Better Than Steel," 8 Jan. 2020 Rickmon Tuesday ruled that eight ballots were not properly initialed by election judges before giving them to voters. Alicia Fabbre, chicagotribune.com, "Judge discards 8 ballots cast in April in southwest suburban school board election. Woman who had been declared a winner is forced to step down.," 5 Nov. 2019 In 1995, Balkan leaders meeting in Dayton, Ohio, initialed a peace plan to end three and a-half years of ethnic fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina. BostonGlobe.com, "In 1920, the Irish Republican Army killed 12 British intelligence officers and two auxiliary policemen in the Dublin area; British forces responded by raiding a soccer match, killing 14 civilians.," 21 Nov. 2019 But the peace talks collapsed last month when Trump pulled the plug on the deal his diplomats had finalized and initialed after a year of negotiations. BostonGlobe.com, "In a news conference Monday, the top US commander in Afghanistan, General Austin S. Miller, confirmed that the size of the US force in the country had already quietly dropped by 2,000 over the last year, down to between roughly 12,000 and 13,000.," 22 Oct. 2019 But the negotiations collapsed in September when Mr. Trump pulled the plug on the deal his diplomats had finalized and initialed after a year of negotiations. New York Times, "U.S. Is Quietly Reducing Its Troop Force in Afghanistan," 21 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'initial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of initial

Adjective

1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1627, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

circa 1864, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for initial

Adjective

Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French iniciel, from Latin initialis, from initium beginning, from inire to go into, from in- + ire to go — more at issue entry 1

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Time Traveler for initial

Time Traveler

The first known use of initial was in 1526

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Statistics for initial

Last Updated

13 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Initial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/initial. Accessed 15 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for initial

initial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of initial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: occurring at the beginning of something

initial

noun

English Language Learners Definition of initial (Entry 2 of 3)

: a first letter of a name
: the first letters of each of a person's names

initial

verb

English Language Learners Definition of initial (Entry 3 of 3)

: to mark (something) with your initials

initial

noun
ini·​tial | \ i-ˈni-shəl How to pronounce initial (audio) \

Kids Definition of initial

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the first letter of a name
2 : a large letter beginning a text or a paragraph

initial

adjective

Kids Definition of initial (Entry 2 of 3)

: occurring at or marking the beginning an initial effort the initial word

Other Words from initial

initially \ -​shə-​lē \ adverb

initial

verb
initialed or initialled; initialing or initialling

Kids Definition of initial (Entry 3 of 3)

: to mark with the first letter or letters of a name

Comments on initial

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