in·​clude in-ˈklüd How to pronounce include (audio)
included; including

transitive verb

: to take in or comprise as a part of a whole or group
: to contain between or within
two sides and the included angle
: to shut up : enclose
includable adjective
or includible
Choose the Right Synonym for include

include, comprehend, embrace, involve mean to contain within as part of the whole.

include suggests the containment of something as a constituent, component, or subordinate part of a larger whole.

the price of dinner includes dessert

comprehend implies that something comes within the scope of a statement or definition.

his system comprehends all history

embrace implies a gathering of separate items within a whole.

her faith embraces both Christian and non-Christian beliefs

involve suggests inclusion by virtue of the nature of the whole, whether by being its natural or inevitable consequence.

the new job involves a lot of detail

Example Sentences

The speakers will include several experts on the subject. The price of dinner includes dessert. Admission to the museum is included in the tour package. The results came in too late for us to include them in the study.
Recent Examples on the Web The annual exercise will include 70 banks, covering roughly two thirds of banking-sector assets in the European Union and Norway. Patricia Kowsmann, WSJ, 31 Jan. 2023 Symptoms of listeriosis may include diarrhea, fatigue, muscle aches, headache, stiff neck, loss of balance, and fever, among others. Maggie O'neill, SELF, 31 Jan. 2023 The new plan will include a total of 43 boxes which will accommodate 86 individual 8-by-8 garden plots. cleveland, 31 Jan. 2023 Part of the property also will include a parking lot with about 630 spaces to be shared with the Frontwave Arena, a nearby 170,000-square-foot indoor sports arena under construction. San Diego Union-Tribune, 31 Jan. 2023 The 12-course tasting menu for Valentine's Day will include a sparkling wine toast. Journal Sentinel, 31 Jan. 2023 The opening bills, each curated by the headliners, will include such notable acts as Jamie XX, Clairo, Idles, Fousheé, Dijon, Bartees Strange, Toro y Moi, Big Freedia and L'Rain. Los Angeles Times, 31 Jan. 2023 The three buildings starting construction will include more than 351,000 square feet. Dallas News, 31 Jan. 2023 Its messages could include information about a runway lighting outage, nearby construction or unusual flight activity for an air show. Gregory Wallace, CNN, 30 Jan. 2023 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'include.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History


Middle English, from Latin includere, from in- + claudere to close — more at close entry 1

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 3

Time Traveler
The first known use of include was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near include

Cite this Entry

“Include.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 5 Feb. 2023.

Kids Definition


in·​clude in-ˈklüd How to pronounce include (audio)
included; including
: to take in or have as part of a whole or group
the recipe included many ingredients
includable adjective
or includible

More from Merriam-Webster on include

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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