in·​clude | \ in-ˈklüd How to pronounce include (audio) \
included; including

Definition of include

transitive verb

1 : to shut up : enclose
2 : to take in or comprise as a part of a whole or group
3 : to contain between or within two sides and the included angle

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Other Words from include

includable or includible \ in-​ˈklü-​də-​bəl How to pronounce includible (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for include


carry, comprehend, contain, embrace, encompass, entail, involve, number, subsume, take in


exclude, leave (out), miss out [British], omit

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Choose the Right Synonym for include

include, comprehend, embrace, involve mean to contain within as part of the whole. include suggests the containment of something as a constituent, component, or subordinate part of a larger whole. the price of dinner includes dessert comprehend implies that something comes within the scope of a statement or definition. his system comprehends all history embrace implies a gathering of separate items within a whole. her faith embraces both Christian and non-Christian beliefs involve suggests inclusion by virtue of the nature of the whole, whether by being its natural or inevitable consequence. the new job involves a lot of detail

Examples of include in a Sentence

The speakers will include several experts on the subject. The price of dinner includes dessert. Admission to the museum is included in the tour package. The results came in too late for us to include them in the study.
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Recent Examples on the Web

The crash left a large field of items including women’s clothing, bed sheets, cardboard boxes and fiberglass, said Brian Hawthorne, sheriff of Chambers County, Texas. Alison Sider, WSJ, "Plane Flying Cargo for Amazon Crashes in Texas," 23 Feb. 2019 Luckily a little rain didn’t stop a mix of art lovers, celebrity stylists, and even a royal or two from coming out to see some of Andy Warhol’s works, including some unseen photographs by the Pop Art pioneer, in the context of a residential space. Leigh Penney, Vogue, "The Former Beverly Hills Hideaway of Elvis Presley Welcomed Frieze Los Angeles Guests at a Cocktail Party," 20 Feb. 2019 The beloved bra brand just announced that its new size range includes cups AA through I and up to a 48-band size, for a total of 78 sizes. Lindsey Murray, Good Housekeeping, "ThirdLove Just Introduced More Bra Sizes to Its Collection," 20 Feb. 2019 Microsoft seems eager to repeat the success of games that can be played on multiple platforms, including the smash hit, Fortnite, as well as PUBG and Microsoft’s own success story, Minecraft. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Microsoft reportedly wants to use Xbox Live to support cross-platform games like Fortnite," 4 Feb. 2019 Four other people, including a man believed to be the suspect behind the bar shooting, were injured in the incident. P.r. Lockhart, Vox, "A black security guard caught a shooting suspect — only to be shot by police minutes later," 23 Jan. 2019 The battles include BJ Quagan vs. Peter Gacek, Josh Wells vs. Tom McCudden, Laura Manasewich vs. Julia Pistell and a tag team match of Cassandra Khan and Nate Gagnon against Jack Hughes and Nate D’Entremont. Christopher Arnott,, "Comedy Round-Up: SNL Veterans, Michael Blackson, Sea Tea Wrestling Match," 14 July 2018 Symptoms of the non-fatal infection include diarrhea, loss of appetite and weight, cramping, bloating, gas, nausea and vomiting. Rick Barrett, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin included in Cyclospora outbreak tied to McDonald's salads," 14 July 2018 Major risk factors for accidental falls include lower body weakness, vitamin D deficiency (this nutrient helps with bone strength), vision problems, medicines that affect balance, difficulty walking, and more, according to the CDC. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "Emergency Responders Share 9 of the Biggest Death Traps in Your Home," 14 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'include.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of include

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for include

Middle English, from Latin includere, from in- + claudere to close — more at close

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Statistics for include

Last Updated

28 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for include

The first known use of include was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for include



English Language Learners Definition of include

: to have (someone or something) as part of a group or total : to contain (someone or something) in a group or as a part of something
: to make (someone or something) a part of something


in·​clude | \ in-ˈklüd How to pronounce include (audio) \
included; including

Kids Definition of include

: to take in or have as part of a whole Dinner includes dessert.

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More from Merriam-Webster on include

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for include

Spanish Central: Translation of include

Nglish: Translation of include for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of include for Arabic Speakers

Comments on include

What made you want to look up include? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


of or relating to a parable or parabola

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