hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˌhī-pər-ˈten(t)-shən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Definition of hypertension

1 : abnormally high blood pressure and especially arterial blood pressure
2 : the systemic condition accompanying high blood pressure

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Did You Know?

You might have thought that hypertension was what a movie audience feels near the climax of a thriller, but you would have been wrong. High blood pressure—that is high pressure against the walls of your veins and arteries caused by blood flow—often occurs when the arteries or veins become blocked or narrowed, making the heart work harder to pump blood. But many cases seem to be the result of smoking or taking in too much salt, and many are genetically caused. Hypertension is serious, since it can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Though it often produces no warning symptoms, your blood pressure can be checked quickly and easily by a nurse. If it's high, it can usually be controlled by stopping smoking, losing weight, lowering your salt intake, and exercising—and if all else fails, by medication.

Examples of hypertension in a Sentence

He's being treated for hypertension.
Recent Examples on the Web And that is, why do African Americans have a greater incidence of hypertension? CBS News, "Dr. Fauci on why the coronavirus is wreaking havoc on Black communities," 30 July 2020 Before he was charged in the corruption case, Caraway had been receiving care for numerous medical conditions, including esophageal dyskinesia, hypertension and sleep apnea, Payma said in the filing. Dallas News, "Judge denies former Dallas Mayor Pro Tem Dwaine Caraway’s request for home confinement," 30 July 2020 Duldulao said Pacific Islanders also suffer from high rates of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. oregonlive, "Pacific Islanders have higher COVID-19 rates than any other race in Oregon," 9 July 2020 Mexico has extraordinary levels of hypertension, diabetes and obesity — chronic illnesses of the sort linked to around 80 percent of the country’s coronavirus deaths. Washington Post, "Mexico City deaths spiked to three times normal during covid-19 outbreak, official says," 2 July 2020 For years already, the Brigham and its sister hospitals had been tracking the ZIP codes of some patients, geocoding immunization rates and cancer screenings, looking at geographic fluctuations in outcomes for patients with hypertension and diabetes. Eric Boodman, STAT, "In the Covid-19 death of a hospital food worker, a microcosm of the pandemic," 30 June 2020 Maternal mortality and high-risk pregnancies, hypertension, suicide prevention, the first major update on the surgeon general’s position on oral health in three decades. Washington Post, "Surgeon General Jerome Adams may be the nicest guy in the Trump administration. But is that what America needs right now?," 12 July 2020 Heart disease, hypertension and other underlying conditions are also more common in men. Peter Fimrite, SFChronicle.com, "Male sex hormones appear to help the coronavirus infiltrate human cells," 8 July 2020 Shrout, who suffers from hypertension, heart disease, lung ailments and is overweight, is among the 70 percent of inmates at the Terminal Island federal prison in California who have contracted the virus, according to his lawyer. oregonlive, "Judge denies early release for 72-year-old tax dodger who tested positive for coronavirus in federal prison," 29 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hypertension.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hypertension

1893, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hypertension

hyper- + tension entry 1, probably after French hypertension

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Time Traveler for hypertension

Time Traveler

The first known use of hypertension was in 1893

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Statistics for hypertension

Last Updated

3 Aug 2020

Cite this Entry

“Hypertension.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hypertension. Accessed 8 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for hypertension


How to pronounce hypertension (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of hypertension

medical : high blood pressure


hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˌhī-pər-ˈten-shən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Kids Definition of hypertension

: a medical condition marked by abnormally high blood pressure


hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˈhī-pər-ˌten-chən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Medical Definition of hypertension

1 : abnormally high arterial blood pressure that is usually indicated by an adult systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or greater or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater, is chiefly of unknown cause but may be attributable to a preexisting condition (as a renal or endocrine disorder), that typically results in a thickening and inelasticity of arterial walls and hypertrophy of the left heart ventricle, and that is a risk factor for various pathological conditions or events (as heart attack, heart failure, stroke, end-stage renal disease, or retinal hemorrhage) — see essential hypertension, secondary hypertension, white coat hypertension
2 : a systemic condition resulting from hypertension that is either symptomless or is accompanied especially by dizziness, palpitations, fainting, or headache

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