hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˌhī-pər-ˈten(t)-shən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Definition of hypertension

1 : abnormally high blood pressure and especially arterial blood pressure
2 : the systemic condition accompanying high blood pressure

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Did you know?

You might have thought that hypertension was what a movie audience feels near the climax of a thriller, but you would have been wrong. High blood pressure—that is high pressure against the walls of your veins and arteries caused by blood flow—often occurs when the arteries or veins become blocked or narrowed, making the heart work harder to pump blood. But many cases seem to be the result of smoking or taking in too much salt, and many are genetically caused. Hypertension is serious, since it can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Though it often produces no warning symptoms, your blood pressure can be checked quickly and easily by a nurse. If it's high, it can usually be controlled by stopping smoking, losing weight, lowering your salt intake, and exercising—and if all else fails, by medication.

Examples of hypertension in a Sentence

He's being treated for hypertension.
Recent Examples on the Web His mother said Bargatze did vape regularly but did not have diabetes or hypertension, underlying medical conditions that can worsen COVID-19 symptoms. Asha C. Gilbert, USA TODAY, 15 July 2021 People 50 or older and those who have diabetes or hypertension have a higher chance of getting ill, officials said. Dakota Smith, Los Angeles Times, 10 July 2021 State public health officials warned that people 50 years and older and those with diabetes or hypertension are at higher risk of getting ill and getting complications from the virus. Lauren Hernández, San Francisco Chronicle, 9 July 2021 But when data is disaggregated, Filipino Americans had higher rates of asthma, diabetes, hypertension and being overweight compared to Asians overall. NBC News, 28 June 2021 The companies also pinned their futures to the concept of a health hub, in which drugstores would become places where patients go to seek medicine, consultations and lab tests to manage chronic conditions such as diabetes and hypertension. Sharon Terlep, WSJ, 18 June 2021 Each week, Norton's mobile and prevention teams will provide free services — such as mammograms, vaccines and education on managing conditions like diabetes and hypertension — for underserved communities and communities of color. Ayana Archie, The Courier-Journal, 16 June 2021 Ziona reportedly suffered from diabetes and hypertension, and doctors had said that his condition deteriorated rapidly as he was admitted to hospital on Sunday evening. Peter Aitken, Fox News, 14 June 2021 Systemic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension can have serious effects on the retina. Dallas News, 28 May 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hypertension.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hypertension

1893, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hypertension

hyper- + tension entry 1, probably after French hypertension

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Time Traveler for hypertension

Time Traveler

The first known use of hypertension was in 1893

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Statistics for hypertension

Last Updated

4 Aug 2021

Cite this Entry

“Hypertension.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hypertension. Accessed 5 Aug. 2021.

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More Definitions for hypertension



English Language Learners Definition of hypertension

medical : high blood pressure


hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˌhī-pər-ˈten-shən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Kids Definition of hypertension

: a medical condition marked by abnormally high blood pressure


hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˈhī-pər-ˌten-chən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Medical Definition of hypertension

1 : abnormally high arterial blood pressure that is usually indicated by an adult systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or greater or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater, is chiefly of unknown cause but may be attributable to a preexisting condition (as a renal or endocrine disorder), that typically results in a thickening and inelasticity of arterial walls and hypertrophy of the left heart ventricle, and that is a risk factor for various pathological conditions or events (as heart attack, heart failure, stroke, end-stage renal disease, or retinal hemorrhage) — see essential hypertension, secondary hypertension, white coat hypertension
2 : a systemic condition resulting from hypertension that is either symptomless or is accompanied especially by dizziness, palpitations, fainting, or headache

More from Merriam-Webster on hypertension

Nglish: Translation of hypertension for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hypertension for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hypertension


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