hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˌhī-pər-ˈten(t)-shən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Definition of hypertension

1 : abnormally high blood pressure and especially arterial blood pressure
2 : the systemic condition accompanying high blood pressure

Did you know?

You might have thought that hypertension was what a movie audience feels near the climax of a thriller, but you would have been wrong. High blood pressure—that is high pressure against the walls of your veins and arteries caused by blood flow—often occurs when the arteries or veins become blocked or narrowed, making the heart work harder to pump blood. But many cases seem to be the result of smoking or taking in too much salt, and many are genetically caused. Hypertension is serious, since it can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Though it often produces no warning symptoms, your blood pressure can be checked quickly and easily by a nurse. If it's high, it can usually be controlled by stopping smoking, losing weight, lowering your salt intake, and exercising—and if all else fails, by medication.

Examples of hypertension in a Sentence

He's being treated for hypertension.
Recent Examples on the Web Perrin also alleges that the situation caused her stress to the point of affecting her physical health resulting in PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder), migraines and hypertension. Arkansas Online, 1 Oct. 2022 In addition to lupus, Ava had pulmonary hypertension, a serious heart and lung condition. Michael Pillinger, STAT, 26 Sep. 2022 Studies show chronic stress has been linked to other psychological and physical conditions like hypertension, heart disease, obesity, diabetes, depression, and anxiety, according to Yale Medicine. Adrianna Rodriguez, USA TODAY, 21 Sep. 2022 In Los Angeles County, the vast majority of people who died from COVID between May and July had at least one comorbidity, and nearly half had three or more, including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, obesity and other conditions. Emily Alpert Reyes, Los Angeles Times, 18 Sep. 2022 Lancet said that as many as 40% of dementia cases could theoretically be prevented or delayed with lifestyle changes, such as adjusting diet and exercise and managing hypertension. Betsy Morris, WSJ, 18 Sep. 2022 Lord also says that brown algae are commonly used in traditional Japanese medicine to treat hypertension, goiter, obesity, sore knees, and relieve constipation. Perri O. Blumberg, Men's Health, 18 Aug. 2022 The Guardian reported that the honey can also be used for an assortment of medical conditions including hypertension and impotence. Alexandra Schonfeld, Peoplemag, 12 Aug. 2022 Women are also at a higher risk of adverse pregnancy health outcomes as a result of Covid infections, including hypertension, preeclampsia, impaired fetal growth and preterm birth. Madeline Halpert, Forbes, 11 Aug. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hypertension.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of hypertension

1893, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hypertension

hyper- + tension entry 1, probably after French hypertension

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The first known use of hypertension was in 1893

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Last Updated

3 Oct 2022

Cite this Entry

“Hypertension.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hypertension. Accessed 5 Oct. 2022.

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More Definitions for hypertension


hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˌhī-pər-ˈten-shən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Kids Definition of hypertension

: a medical condition marked by abnormally high blood pressure


hy·​per·​ten·​sion | \ ˈhī-pər-ˌten-chən How to pronounce hypertension (audio) \

Medical Definition of hypertension

1 : abnormally high arterial blood pressure that is usually indicated by an adult systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or greater or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater, is chiefly of unknown cause but may be attributable to a preexisting condition (as a renal or endocrine disorder), that typically results in a thickening and inelasticity of arterial walls and hypertrophy of the left heart ventricle, and that is a risk factor for various pathological conditions or events (as heart attack, heart failure, stroke, end-stage renal disease, or retinal hemorrhage) — see essential hypertension, secondary hypertension, white coat hypertension
2 : a systemic condition resulting from hypertension that is either symptomless or is accompanied especially by dizziness, palpitations, fainting, or headache

More from Merriam-Webster on hypertension

Nglish: Translation of hypertension for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hypertension for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hypertension


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