Definition of hypertrophy
- cardiac hypertrophy
- economic hypertrophy
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hypertrophy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
When the prefix hyper-, "above, beyond", is joined to -trophy, we get the opposite of atrophy. An organ or part becomes hypertrophic when it grows so extremely that its function is affected. Muscle hypertrophy is common in men who do strength training, and is often harmless; but extreme muscle hypertrophy generally involves taking steroids, which can do great damage to the body. Hypertrophy of the heart sounds as if it might be healthy, but instead it's usually a bad sign. As the example sentence shows, hypertrophy, like atrophy, can be used in nonmedical ways as well.
First Known Use: 1834See Words from the same year
Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hypertrophy
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