noun (1)
\ ˈhȯrd How to pronounce hoard (audio) \
plural hoards

Definition of hoard

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a supply or fund stored up and often hidden away a hoard of cash


hoarded; hoarding; hoards

Definition of hoard (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect and often hide away a supply of : to accumulate a hoard (see hoard entry 1) of hoarding food
2 : to keep (something, such as one's thoughts) to oneself she hoarded her intention— Virginia Woolf the people outside disperse their affections, you hoard yours, you nurse them into intensity— Joseph Conrad

intransitive verb

: to collect and often hide away a supply of something specifically : to engage in compulsive hoarding One thing people who hoard have in common is a skewed perceived value of possessions. My Edmonds News (Edmonds, Washington)


noun (2)
plural hoards

Definition of hoard (Entry 3 of 3)

: a temporary board fence put around a building being erected or repaired : hoarding entry 2 sense 1

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Examples of hoard in a Sentence

Noun (1)

a squirrel's hoard of nuts keeps a hoard of empty yogurt containers in his basement workshop for storing whatnots


he's been hoarding empty yogurt containers all winter, with the intention of using them to start seedlings in the spring
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

There were, of course, hoards of people — tourists, business people, flight attendants — stuck in New York that week, not to mention scared residents holed up in their apartments worrying about the future. Chris Jones, chicagotribune.com, "‘Come From Away’ and the amazing events on Broadway on Sept. 13, 2001," 23 July 2019 In Boom, townspeople wave as hoards of bikes, cars, shuttles, and pedestrians infiltrate their otherwise quiet municipality, where the population hovers around 18,000 during every month besides July. Brittany Gaston, Billboard, "15 Years In, Tomorrowland Is a Spectacle of Both Massive Size and Thoughtful Detail," 23 July 2019 The group was seen by some in the A.I. community as an important counterbalance to large technology corporations that have snapped up talent and used their computing power and huge data hoards to leap ahead in the field. Fortune, "Microsoft Invests $1 Billion in Partnership with Elon Musk’s OpenAI," 22 July 2019 The group was seen by some in the AI community as an important counterbalance to large technology corporations that have snapped up talent and used their computing power and huge data hoards to leap ahead in the field. Dina Bassbloomberg, Los Angeles Times, "Microsoft to invest $1 billion in OpenAI," 22 July 2019 There are hoards of new startups that want to solve that problem by building smallsat-sized rockets that can be built cheaply and fly often. Jackie Wattles, CNN, "Rocket Lab could follow SpaceX into the history books with reusable rocket technology," 8 Aug. 2019 The New York City company employs a gaggle of doctoratewielding data scientists and statisticians who study Bitcoin’s blockchain—its indelible public ledger that records transactions—to gain clues about who owns given hoards of the digital currency. Jeff John Roberts, Fortune, "To Catch A Bitcoin Thief, Call These Detectives," 27 June 2018 Now this hoard has dwindled to $3.8 trillion, as of July 15, which is still a giant number. Larry Light, Fortune, "After Fed’s Rate Cut, “They’re Out of Ammo” to Fight Recession, Say Some," 1 Aug. 2019 In January, year-over-year growth in the country’s hoard of U.S. Treasurys resumed after 44 straight months of shrinkage. Mike Bird, WSJ, "Treasury Investors, Get Ready for the Japanese Cavalry," 26 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Much more money is sure to follow as the race gets closer, since its not uncommon for groups to hoard their cash until the last minute, when voters are paying closer attention. NBC News, "Democrats look to flip Virginia state legislature narrowly controlled by Republicans," 30 Aug. 2019 Without an accurate leading indicator, businesses tend to hoard cash and do not invest fully in growth. Rob Bernshteyn, Fortune, "Business Needs a Better Way to Predict the Next Economic Downturn," 11 July 2019 And if the donors continue to hoard money for four years, then the entire DAF account’s balance is reclaimed by the SVCF for its own grant-making strategy. Theodore Schleifer, Vox, "Today’s “working robber barons” have used a tax break to create a $110 billion charity stockpile, called donor-advised funds. It isn’t getting any smaller.," 2 July 2019 There is sort of a historical significance to what would otherwise appear to be hoarding. Steve Meyer, Anchorage Daily News, "Tackling the fishing tackle is a project you can really get hooked on," 19 June 2019 Since 2000, more than 128 wealthy neighbourhoods have agitated to secede from school districts in an attempt to hoard resources. The Economist, "What budget cuts during the Great Recession did to pupils’ test scores," 6 June 2019 While there is some room for nuance, investors generally want to discourage companies from hoarding cash. Samuel Axon, Ars Technica, "Apple isn’t the most cash-rich company in the world anymore, but it doesn’t matter," 5 Aug. 2019 There are plates to remember here, too, though most do not come from the yakitori station, where executive sous chef Shigehisa Yokote and his team apply their shio and tare as if hoarding the seasonings for the coming apocalypse. Washington Post, "Zeppelin is fun, but its sushi doesn’t quite fly," 1 Aug. 2019 The slaves had been captured in Angola and hoarded with hundreds of others onto a slave ship bound for Veracruz, in today’s Mexico. Robin Wright, The New Yorker, "The Rhetoric and Reality of Donald Trump’s Racism," 31 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hoard.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hoard

Noun (1)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun (2)

1757, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hoard

Noun (1) and Verb

Middle English hord, from Old English; akin to Goth huzd treasure, Old English hȳdan to hide

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Learn More about hoard

Dictionary Entries near hoard







hoarding disorder

Statistics for hoard

Last Updated

5 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for hoard

The first known use of hoard was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for hoard



English Language Learners Definition of hoard

: to collect and hide a large amount of (something valuable)


\ ˈhȯrd How to pronounce hoard (audio) \

Kids Definition of hoard

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a supply usually of something of value stored away or hidden


hoarded; hoarding

Kids Definition of hoard (Entry 2 of 2)

: to gather and store away Squirrels hoard nuts for winter.

Other Words from hoard

hoarder noun

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More from Merriam-Webster on hoard

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hoard

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hoard

Spanish Central: Translation of hoard

Nglish: Translation of hoard for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hoard for Arabic Speakers

Comments on hoard

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recurring in steady succession

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