noun (1)
\ ˈhȯrd How to pronounce hoard (audio) \
plural hoards

Definition of hoard

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a supply or fund stored up and often hidden away a hoard of cash


hoarded; hoarding; hoards

Definition of hoard (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect and often hide away a supply of : to accumulate a hoard (see hoard entry 1) of hoarding food
2 : to keep (something, such as one's thoughts) to oneself she hoarded her intention— Virginia Woolf the people outside disperse their affections, you hoard yours, you nurse them into intensity— Joseph Conrad

intransitive verb

: to collect and often hide away a supply of something specifically : to engage in compulsive hoarding One thing people who hoard have in common is a skewed perceived value of possessions. My Edmonds News (Edmonds, Washington)


noun (2)
plural hoards

Definition of hoard (Entry 3 of 3)

: a temporary board fence put around a building being erected or repaired : hoarding entry 2 sense 1

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Examples of hoard in a Sentence

Noun (1) a squirrel's hoard of nuts keeps a hoard of empty yogurt containers in his basement workshop for storing whatnots Verb he's been hoarding empty yogurt containers all winter, with the intention of using them to start seedlings in the spring
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Nexon’s bitcoin investment represents less than 2% of the company’s cash hoard as of December 2020. Jonathan Burgos, Forbes, "Korean Billionaire Kim Jung-Ju’s Gaming Giant Invests $100 Million In Bitcoin," 28 Apr. 2021 Giovanni Raimondo had built the family fortune, and how Prince Alessandro increased their vast hoard of sculpture by buying up entire collections. Ingrid D. Rowland, The New York Review of Books, "Light in the Palazzo," 27 Apr. 2021 Because of the enormous influx of federal dollars, American households are sitting on a huge hoard of unspent money. Alan S. Blinder, WSJ, "Welcome to Joe Biden’s Boom Economy," 21 Apr. 2021 Some member of the younger gen, invading Lizzie’s hoard of sacrosanct jigsaw puzzles? Margaret Atwood, The New Yorker, "Old Babes in the Wood," 19 Apr. 2021 Along with a 10% increase in household net worth over the past year, this cash hoard should provide fuel for above-trend economic growth in the coming year – and potentially beyond. Jeffrey Schulze, Forbes, "With Economy Recovering, Bull Market Has More Room To Run," 15 Apr. 2021 But then the drums lurch forward, splintering into an angrily ticking hoard of sixteenth notes. Elias Leight, Rolling Stone, "Gallant Floats Through Heartbreak on ‘Scars’," 31 Mar. 2021 In total, the hoard contained 230 grams of silver—a sum equal to 938 daily wages at the time, or 7,385 pounds of barley. Isis Davis-marks, Smithsonian Magazine, "Silver Diadem Found in Spain May Point to Bronze Age Woman’s Political Power," 12 Mar. 2021 In 2014, archaeologists unearthed a hoard of ornate objects buried alongside a woman at La Almoloya, a Bronze Age site in southeastern Spain. Isis Davis-marks, Smithsonian Magazine, "Silver Diadem Found in Spain May Point to Bronze Age Woman’s Political Power," 12 Mar. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Like his intellectual hero from 85 years ago, Mr. Levy, a professor of history at the University of Chicago, worries that the owners of capital will hoard it rather than invest it. James Grant, WSJ, "‘Ages of American Capitalism’ Review: Road to Chaos," 7 May 2021 The key takeaway from the story is that the fuel shortages are likely to be minor and isolated as long as people don't panic and start to hoard fuel. Annie White, Car and Driver, "This Week in Cars: Hear the Corvette Z06 and ZR1, See the Kona N," 30 Apr. 2021 Those college athletic administrators officials know how to hoard checks. Sean Gregory, Time, "European Soccer's American Owners Tried to Form a U.S.-Style 'Super League.' It Hasn't Gone Well," 20 Apr. 2021 Vaccines manufactured in the U.S. have shipped overseas, but Washington has taken steps to hoard doses for domestic use. Grady Mcgregor, Fortune, "India’s record wave of COVID-19 infections threatens the global vaccine supply," 7 Apr. 2021 In February and March of 2020, global stock prices dropped like stones, the US dollar spiked in value and the market for US government debt began lurching as investors began trying to hoard cash. Josh Bivens For Cnn Business Perspectives, CNN, "A tax on financial transactions could rein in Wall Street's greed," 5 Mar. 2021 Over the next two years, companies will have to conquer their instinct to hoard cash in this time of flux, putting their money to work before the super-deduction window slams shut. Samanth Subramanian, Quartz, "Why UK finance minister Rishi Sunak put a “super-deduction” in his budget," 3 Mar. 2021 However these may not be sufficient to get the continent through to the other side if wealthy countries hoard their supplies. Jackie Bischof, Quartz, "Africa may not reach herd immunity against Covid-19 until 2023," 28 Mar. 2021 Around the world, the vaccine rollout has been painfully slow, particularly in poorer countries as the richer ones hoard their vaccine patents. Melody Schreiber, The New Republic, "What Will Life in America Be Like in 2022?," 11 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hoard.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hoard

Noun (1)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun (2)

1757, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hoard

Noun (1) and Verb

Middle English hord, from Old English; akin to Goth huzd treasure, Old English hȳdan to hide

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Time Traveler for hoard

Time Traveler

The first known use of hoard was before the 12th century

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Statistics for hoard

Last Updated

10 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Hoard.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hoard. Accessed 12 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for hoard



English Language Learners Definition of hoard

: to collect and hide a large amount of (something valuable)


\ ˈhȯrd How to pronounce hoard (audio) \

Kids Definition of hoard

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a supply usually of something of value stored away or hidden


hoarded; hoarding

Kids Definition of hoard (Entry 2 of 2)

: to gather and store away Squirrels hoard nuts for winter.

Other Words from hoard

hoarder noun

More from Merriam-Webster on hoard

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hoard

Nglish: Translation of hoard for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hoard for Arabic Speakers

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