noun (1)
\ ˈhȯrd How to pronounce hoard (audio) \
plural hoards

Definition of hoard

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a supply or fund stored up and often hidden away a hoard of cash


hoarded; hoarding; hoards

Definition of hoard (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect and often hide away a supply of : to accumulate a hoard (see hoard entry 1) of hoarding food
2 : to keep (something, such as one's thoughts) to oneself she hoarded her intention— Virginia Woolf the people outside disperse their affections, you hoard yours, you nurse them into intensity— Joseph Conrad

intransitive verb

: to collect and often hide away a supply of something specifically : to engage in compulsive hoarding One thing people who hoard have in common is a skewed perceived value of possessions. My Edmonds News (Edmonds, Washington)


noun (2)
plural hoards

Definition of hoard (Entry 3 of 3)

: a temporary board fence put around a building being erected or repaired : hoarding entry 2 sense 1

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Examples of hoard in a Sentence

Noun (1) a squirrel's hoard of nuts keeps a hoard of empty yogurt containers in his basement workshop for storing whatnots Verb he's been hoarding empty yogurt containers all winter, with the intention of using them to start seedlings in the spring
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun George Powell, 38, and Layton Davies, 51, dug up a Viking hoard of gold and silver in 2015 in a field in Eye in western England. BostonGlobe.com, "34 killed amid floods, mudslides," 24 Nov. 2019 British Museum/British Museum, via Associated Press LONDON — More than 1,000 years ago, a Viking hoard of gold jewelry, coins and silver bars was buried for safekeeping. Anna Schaverien, New York Times, "Viking Treasure Could Have Made Them a Fortune. Instead, They Stole It.," 22 Nov. 2019 In a separate project, marine archaeologists recently recovered ancient treasures from the wreck of the Mentor, a ship used by the controversial Lord Elgin to transport a hoard of artifacts taken from Greece. Fox News, "Ancient shipwrecks, stone pyramid anchors, discovered off Greek island," 9 Nov. 2019 Plastic petri dishes, bottles of various shapes and sizes, several types of glove, a dizzying array of pipettes and pipette tips, a hoard of sample tubes and vials. Alice Bell, CNN, "Can science break its plastic addiction?," 5 Nov. 2019 By the late 90s, hoards of Americans were rushing online for the first time, and AOL had begun to reshape modern life with email, instant messaging, and 500 hours of free internet for all. Wired, "The Internet Is for Everyone, Right? Not With a Screen Reader," 24 Oct. 2019 These are the same athletes who travel to China in their off season on promotional tours, greeting hoards of adoring fans at every stop. Joshua Berlinger, CNN, "China's love for the NBA runs deep. But the Rockets scandal is forcing fans to choose between sport and country," 8 Oct. 2019 The existence of Johnson's hoard, numbering over a hundred in total, was revealed in April. Aaron Calvin, USA TODAY, "A treasure trove of muscle cars: Iowa man sells nearly 100 vehicles after decades of collecting," 16 Sep. 2019 The expedition, organized by Israel Finkelstein of Tel Aviv University, had the makings of a Mummy screenplay—an undisturbed 3,600-year-old Canaanite tomb; three intact skeletons; and a hoard of gold and silver jewelry. Franz Lidz, Smithsonian, "The Delicious, Ancient History of Chocolate and Vanilla," 11 July 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The students must protectively hoard their books and learning materials in cramped cells (sometimes just a cubicle with a bed) and can only use computers to type papers, because the Internet is off-limits. Washington Post, "PBS’s ‘College Behind Bars’ offers a lasting lesson: Learning is its own kind of freedom," 24 Nov. 2019 Some artists hoarded blank Rollos, utilising them long after the German Democratic Republic (GDR) expired. The Economist, "Thirty years after the Wall fell, East German art is causing a stir," 31 Oct. 2019 Chicken on a Raft hoards your attention without brain-addling tricks. Popular Mechanics Editors, Popular Mechanics, "The Sites That Mean the Most to Us," 1 Nov. 2019 After collecting our personal information, digital companies then hoard it. Tom Wheeler, Time, "The Presidential Candidates Need a Plan for Big Tech That Isn’t “Break Up Big Tech”," 14 Oct. 2019 Residents hoarded food and lined up at gas stations. Anchorage Daily News, "Turkey launches offensive against U.S.-allied Kurdish forces in northern Syria," 9 Oct. 2019 Rather than hoarding magnet freebies, try putting up magnet shelving. Marlen Komar, Curbed, "10 ways to make the most of a tiny kitchen," 25 July 2018 Being born during the depression shaped Joe's formative years and resulted in a lifetime of frugality, hoarding and cheap mischief, often at the expense of others. courant.com, "Joseph Heller," 12 Sep. 2019 Still, that hedge funds are making money hoarding the carbon-emissions credits and driving up the cost of electricity at a time when Europeans need it to keep cool is likely to burn more than few. Stephen Gandel, CBS News, "Hedge funds are making millions off Europe's killer heat waves," 20 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hoard.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hoard

Noun (1)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun (2)

1757, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hoard

Noun (1) and Verb

Middle English hord, from Old English; akin to Goth huzd treasure, Old English hȳdan to hide

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Time Traveler for hoard

Time Traveler

The first known use of hoard was before the 12th century

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Statistics for hoard

Last Updated

28 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Hoard.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hoard?show=0&t=1284184511. Accessed 6 December 2019.

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More Definitions for hoard



English Language Learners Definition of hoard

: to collect and hide a large amount of (something valuable)


\ ˈhȯrd How to pronounce hoard (audio) \

Kids Definition of hoard

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a supply usually of something of value stored away or hidden


hoarded; hoarding

Kids Definition of hoard (Entry 2 of 2)

: to gather and store away Squirrels hoard nuts for winter.

Other Words from hoard

hoarder noun

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More from Merriam-Webster on hoard

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hoard

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hoard

Spanish Central: Translation of hoard

Nglish: Translation of hoard for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hoard for Arabic Speakers

Comments on hoard

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very cautious or careful

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