\ ˈhej How to pronounce hedge (audio) \

Definition of hedge

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : a fence or boundary formed by a dense row of shrubs or low trees
b : barrier, limit pikemen … present a hedge of metal points from which any cavalry would flinch— Tom Wintringham regarded it as the main function of their existence to raise a hedge around the law— F. W. Farrar
2 : a means of protection or defense (as against financial loss) realization that common stocks are the best hedge against inflation— C. E. Merrill
3 : a calculatedly noncommittal or evasive statement bureaucratic literature … festooned with hedges and qualifications— Fortune


hedged; hedging

Definition of hedge (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to enclose or protect with or as if with a dense row of shrubs or low trees : to enclose or protect with or as if with a hedge (see hedge entry 1 sense 1a) : encircle homes hedged with boxwoods
2 : to confine so as to prevent freedom of movement or action : to obstruct with or as if with a barrier : hinder hedged about by special regulations and statutes— Sandi Rosenbloom
3 : to protect oneself from losing or failing by a counterbalancing action hedge a bet

intransitive verb

1 : to plant, form, or trim a hedge
2 : to evade the risk of commitment especially by leaving open a way of retreat : trim hedged on the issue
3 : to protect oneself financially usually used with against in order to hedge against inflation— George Katona : such as
a : to buy or sell commodity futures (see future entry 2 sense 3) as a protection against loss due to price fluctuation
b : to minimize the risk of a bet



Definition of hedge (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or designed for a hedge (see hedge entry 1) a hedge plant hedge selling on the commodity exchanges
2 : born, living, or made alongside or as if alongside a dense row of shrubs or low trees : born, living, or made near or as if near hedges (see hedge entry 1 sense 1a) : roadside the services of a hedge parson a hedge wedding
3 : inferior sense 1 a hedge tavern

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Other Words from hedge


hedger noun
hedgingly \ ˈhe-​jiŋ-​lē How to pronounce hedge (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms for hedge

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of hedge in a Sentence

Noun the messenger was confronted with a hedge of spears held aloft by the castle guards Verb The garden is hedged by flowering shrubs. She hedged when she was asked to support the campaign. He hedged his earlier comments about the need for new management.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Credit risk includes counterparties, such as hedge funds defaulting on their trades, while market risk encompasses potential losses from moves in trading positions. Margot Patrick, WSJ, 9 July 2021 The Renaissance Companies advises private equity, financial institutions, investors and hedge funds. Sarah Ravani, San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 2021 Cryptocurrency institutional custody startup Fireblocks helps more than 250 clients, including BNY Mellon, Revolut and other banks, fintechs, exchanges and hedge funds store and transfer a wide variety of digital assets. Crypto Confidential, Forbes, 6 July 2021 Robinhood’s prospectus, filed Thursday with the SEC, shed more light on what took place behind the scenes at Robinhood when Reddit users rushed to buy up GameStop shares and forced hedge funds out of short positions. Jessica Mathews, Fortune, 2 July 2021 The online brokerage, which was at the center of a confrontation between a new generation of retail-investor grouping on social media and Wall Street hedge funds in late January, is aiming for an IPO valuation of more than $40 billion. Washington Post, 1 July 2021 Anderson worked for market data firm FactSet as well as several hedge funds before starting Hindenburg in 2018. Julia Horowitz, CNN, 28 June 2021 While individuals making offers may pay market price or even a premium for your home, investors, hedge funds and venture capitalists tend to do the opposite. K.b. Mensah, The Indianapolis Star, 26 June 2021 Additionally, this transition comes at a welcome time for the market, as hedge funds, corporations, and retail traders have decreased of late their crypto futures exposure by about a third since the start of the year. Javier Paz, Forbes, 26 June 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Some executives are looking to hedge currencies or raw materials to limit price swings, either by using derivatives such as a futures contract or by negotiating directly with suppliers. Mark Maurer, WSJ, 9 July 2021 Investors can hedge portfolios, move partly to cash and importantly stand back and rethink the underlying drivers of the stock market. Mike O'sullivan, Forbes, 28 June 2021 Budget writers, other lawmakers and Gov. Kate Brown also want to save a large chunk of money to hedge against near-term state revenue fluctuations, as much as $500 million to $1 billion, Rayfield said. oregonlive, 9 June 2021 Candidate Barack Obama set the subsequent pattern for Democrats in 2008: to hedge, basically. Timothy Noah, The New Republic, 21 Apr. 2021 Don’t hedge your bets on the Texas legend hearing his name called early. Dallas News, 19 Apr. 2021 Iran will hedge its bets in Afghanistan, and its actions may threaten instability. Jamie Mcintyre, Washington Examiner, 14 Apr. 2021 But hedge funds and real estate investors pooled tens of millions of dollars to acquire those properties. Jim Buchta, Star Tribune, 27 June 2021 Stock markets trade almost entirely electronically and many of Wall Street’s most valuable companies now provide data, technology and software to the big banks, private equity firms and hedge funds that execute the day’s big trades. Antoine Gara, Forbes, 8 June 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Essentially, a coordinated group of retail traders grew upset at how hedge funds make money by betting that struggling companies' stocks will decline in value. Nathan Bomey, USA TODAY, 2 June 2021 Anthony Scaramucci’s SkyBridge Capital, which invests billions in hedge funds for wealthy individual clients, has created special-purpose vehicles dedicated to investments in private companies. Juliet Chung, WSJ, 19 May 2021 The filing, a quarterly rundown of holdings required of hedge funds of a certain size, said the position was worth $534 million -- an amount likely derived by multiplying Tesla’s share price on March 31 by the number of shares Scion bet against. Jeremy Herron, Fortune, 18 May 2021 Its investments, which include holdings in mutual and hedge funds, increased to $635.3 million in 2020, up from $187.8 million in 2010. R.t. Watson, WSJ, 21 Apr. 2021 There isn’t the appetite for public offerings due to fewer dedicated energy mutual and hedge funds and commodity price uncertainties due to lower demand. Dan Eberhart, Forbes, 15 Apr. 2021 Many wind farm operators, which needed to purchase electricity because of hedge contracts, are in financial distress. Russell Gold, WSJ, 5 Mar. 2021 The Goliaths are mostly hedge funds who are shorting those stocks — in other words, big-shot investors placing bets that those shares will crash. Allison Morrow, CNN, 30 Jan. 2021 There are also hedge funds and private equity funds. Nellie Bowles, New York Times, 29 Jan. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hedge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hedge


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hedge

Noun, Verb, and Adjective

Middle English hegge, from Old English hecg; akin to Old English haga hedge, hawthorn

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Time Traveler for hedge

Time Traveler

The first known use of hedge was before the 12th century

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Statistics for hedge

Last Updated

18 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Hedge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hedge. Accessed 24 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for hedge



English Language Learners Definition of hedge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a row of shrubs or small trees that are planted close to each other in order to form a boundary
: something that provides protection or defense



English Language Learners Definition of hedge (Entry 2 of 2)

: to surround (an area) with a hedge
: to avoid giving a promise or direct answer


\ ˈhej How to pronounce hedge (audio) \

Kids Definition of hedge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a fence or boundary made up of a thick growth of shrubs or low trees


hedged; hedging

Kids Definition of hedge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to surround or protect with a thick growth of shrubs or low trees The yard is hedged by shrubs.
2 : to avoid giving a direct or exact answer or promise The more questions I asked, the more he hedged.


intransitive verb
\ ˈhej \
hedged; hedging

Legal Definition of hedge

: to reduce possible losses in speculative transactions by engaging in offsetting transactions (as futures trading)

More from Merriam-Webster on hedge

Nglish: Translation of hedge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hedge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hedge


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